WOODCREEPERS   -   FURNARIIDAE (DENDROCOLAPATINAE)

Woodcreepers have now been merged with the furnariids, coming after the Geositta miners and before Xenops, but I prefer to maintain them in a separate gallery. I have, however, updated the generic order based on SACC 481.


Olivaceous Woodcreeper - Sittasomus griseicapillus
Olivaceous Woodcreeper
Sittasomus griseicapillus reiseri
Reserva Biológica de Saltinho, Pernambuco, Brazil.
This species will likely be split several ways. Some of the races that I have photos for look very different, and their voices are quite distinct as well. This subspecies occurs in NE Brazil. (S6)


Olivaceous Woodcreeper - Sittasomus griseicapillus
Olivaceous Woodcreeper
Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus
Vale das Taquaras, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
This is the common subspecies in most of the Atlantic Rainforest. (S7)


Olivaceous Woodcreeper - Sittasomus griseicapillus
Olivaceous Woodcreeper
Sittasomus griseicapillus aequatorialis
Río Palenque Science Station, Los Ríos province Ecuador.
This subspecies is almost endemic to western Ecuador, barely reaching NW Peru. (S7)


Tyrannine Woodcreeper - Dendrocincla tyrannina
Tyrannine Woodcreeper
Dendrocincla tyrannina tyrannina
Upper Tandayapa Valley, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A very plain woodcreeper found in cloudforest of the northern Andes. (S8)


Plain-brown Woodcreeper - Dendrocincla fuliginosa
Plain-brown Woodcreeper
Dendrocincla fuliginosa ridgwayi
Río Palenque, Los Ríos province, Ecuador.
A widespread neotropical rainforest woodcreeper. It frequently attends army antswarms. (S7)


Plain-brown Woodcreeper - Dendrocincla fuliginosa
Plain-winged Woodcreeper
Dendrocincla turdina turdina
Iguazú National Park, Misiones province, Argentina.
A common species through most of the Atlantic Rainforest. In 2013 it was finally split from the previous species. (S6)


Tawny-winged Woodcreeper - Dendrocincla anabatina
Tawny-winged Woodcreeper
Dendrocincla anabatina anabatina
Las Guacamayas, Chiapas state, Mexico.
It lives in rainforests from southern Mexico to Panama. (S5)


White-chinned Woodcreeper - Dendrocincla merula
White-chinned Woodcreeper
Dendrocincla merula bartletti
Trail between Rio Aguarico and Zancudococha, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
A scarce woodcreeper that inhabits lowland rainforest in the Amazonian and Guianan regions. It is often found around antswarms, but this particular bird was not. (S8)


Ruddy Woodcreeper - Dendrocincla homochroa
Ruddy Woodcreeper
Dendrocincla homochroa ruficeps
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
This bird was attending a big antswarm, typical behavior for this species. (S8)


Wedge-billed Woodcreeper - Glyphorynchus spirurus
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper
Glyphorynchus spirurus sublestus
Mashpi, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A common woodcreeper of tropical rainforest in Central and South America. (S8)


Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper - Dendrexetastes rufigula
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper
Dendrexetastes rufigula devillei
Sani Lodge, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
A widespread Amazonian species; it also occurs in the Guianan region. (S11)


Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper - Dendrexetastes rufigula
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper
Dendrexetastes rufigula devillei
Amazonia Lodge, Madre de Dios region, Peru.
This is an especially pale individual. (S8)


Long-billed Woodcreeper - Nasica longirostris
Long-billed Woodcreeper
Nasica longirostris
Sani Lodge, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
A characteristic Amazonian species and probably my favorite woodcreeper; it's big, impressive, and has one of the most hauntingly beautiful songs of any bird in the world. (S8)


Northern Barred-Woodcreeper - Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae
Northern Barred-Woodcreeper
Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae colombianus
Rio Silanche Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
One of the most strongly patterned of all the woodcreepers, but the barring is so fine that it can be hard to see at any distance, especially in the dark rainforest it inhabits. It is frequently found following army ant swarms. It's range goes from southern Mexico to northern South America west of the Andes. (S8)


Bar-bellied Woodcreeper - Hylexetastes stresemanni
Bar-bellied Woodcreeper
Hylexetastes stresemanni insignis
Mitú, Vaupés department, Colombia.
Please forgive the horrible photo; I include it because this is probably the most infrequently seen woodcreeper in the world, and this shot represents some of the only documentation of this species occuring in Colombia. Ian Davies, who was in Mitú with me, has a better shot on his Flickr site. I've also uploaded a good recording to IBC, and Andrew Spencer uploaded an even better one to Xeno-canto. (S6)


White-throated Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes albicollis
White-throated Woodcreeper
Xiphocolaptes albicollis albicollis
Macaé de Cima, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
The biggest woodcreeper of the Atlantic Forest region, distinguished from the similar Planalto Woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes platyrostris) by its thicker and more decurved bill and its more distinct facial pattern. (S7)


Great Rufous Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes major
Great Rufous Woodcreeper
Xiphocolaptes major remoratus
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
A monster of a woodcreeper, only Strong-billed (below) can be more massive. It lives in dry woodland, gallery forest, and savanna in south-central South America. (S8)


Strong-billed Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
Strong-billed Woodcreeper
Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus ignotus
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A widespread species from Mexico to Bolivia. There is a great deal of racial variation, and some subspecies may end up being split. The subspecies ignotus may not be valid, in which case this would be the nominate race (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001). (S6)


Strong-billed Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
Strong-billed Woodcreeper
Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus sanctaemartae
El Dorado reserve, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena dept., Colombia.
An endemic subspecies to the Santa Martas, but the plumage differences are not really evident in this photo. (S6)


Moustached Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes falcirostris
Moustached Woodcreeper
Xiphocolaptes falcirostris franciscanus
Itacarambí, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Closely related to the Great Rufous Woodcreeper X. major, and nearly as big. A rare and threatened woodcreeper of NE Brazil; this is the southern subspecies, which is occasionally split. It has darker underparts and less crown streaking. (S5)


Striped Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus obsoletus
Striped Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus obsoletus notatus
Mitú, Vaupés department, Colombia.
An inhabitant of várzea forest in the Amazon. (S6)


Elegant Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus elegans
Elegant Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus elegans elegans
Pousada Jardim da Amazônia, Mato Grosso, Brazil
(S8)


Cocoa Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus susurrans
Cocoa Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus susurrans costaricensis
Green Acres chocolate farm, Dolphin Bay, Bocas del Toro province, Panama.
A common resident of lowland forests from Guatemala to northwestern South America. (S8)


Buff-throated Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus guttatus
Buff-throated Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus guttatus guttatoides
Sani Lodge, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
Very similar to the previous species, and an argument can be made that they should be lumped. It is common and widespread in tropical forest east of the Andes. (S8)


Buff-throated Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus guttatus
Buff-throated Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus guttatus dorbignyanus
Porto Jofre, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
(S11)


Black-striped Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus
Black-striped Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus alarum
El Paujil reserve, Santander department, Colombia.
This subspecies is endemic to central Colombia, and is not as strongly marked as others. (S5)


Spotted Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus erythropygius
Spotted Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus erythropygius aequatorialis
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A common and widespread woodcreeper found from Mexico to NW South America. (S8)


Olive-backed Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus triangularis
Olive-backed Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus triangularis bangsi
Manu road, San Pedro, Madre de Dios department, Peru.
Very similar to the previous species, replacing it to the east and south. (S6)


Straight-billed Woodcreeper - Dendroplex picus
Straight-billed Woodcreeper
Dendroplex picus extimus
Los Pantanos, Coclé province, Panama.
This is a widespread and often common species in tropical South America and Panama. Here it is near the western limit of its range. (S6)


Red-billed Scythebill - Campylorhamphus trochilirostris
Red-billed Scythebill
Campylorhamphus trochilirostris thoracicus
Finca Exito I, 20 km N of Puerto Quito, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
(S5)


Brown-billed Scythebill - Campylorhamphus pusillus
Brown-billed Scythebill
Campylorhamphus pusillus pusillus
Chinapinza, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
Not the best name for this bird, as its bill rarely looks brown. It is found in montane forest in Central America and northern South America. (S6)


Scimitar-billed Woodcreeper - Drymornis bridgesii
Scimitar-billed Woodcreeper
Drymornis bridgesii
San José de las Salinas, Córdoba province, Argentina.
A distant shot, so it's hard to appreciate the size of this bird. It's the only woodcreeper that regularly comes down onto the ground. It ranges mainly in northern Argentina east of the Andes, but also gets into adjacent countries. (S5)


Streak-headed Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
Streak-headed Woodcreeper
Lepidocolaptes souleyetii esmeraldae
Cerro Blanco, Guayas, Ecuador.
Common, especially in secondary forest and dry woodland, from Mexico to NW Peru. (S8)


Streak-headed Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
Streak-headed Woodcreeper
Lepidocolaptes souleyetii compressus
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
(S8)


Narrow-billed Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes angustirostris
Narrow-billed Woodcreeper
Lepidocolaptes angustirostris bivittatus
Pousada Piuval, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Occurs widely in lighter woodland in eastern South America. There is significant racial variation. (S11)


Lineated Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes albolineatus
Lineated Woodcreeper
Lepidocolaptes albolineatus fuscicapillus
Yasuní Research Station, Orellana province, Ecuador.
(S6)


Montane Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger
Montane Woodcreeper
Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger aequatorialis
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A very common cloudforest species though much of the Andes, as well as other mountain ranges in northern South America. (S7)


Scaled Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Scaled Woodcreeper
Lepidocolaptes squamatus squamatus
Algulhas Negras road, Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Endemic to E and SE Brazil. (S6)


Scaled Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Scaled Woodcreeper
Lepidocolaptes squamatus (ssp?)
Pirapora, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
I am uncertain of the subspecies. In this area, the ranges of squamatus and wagleri come close together and perhaps meet. This individual shows features of both (dark scaling of squamatus, head pattern of wagleri), and so may not be safefly identifiable. As vocalizations are very similar, I am rather skeptical about the proposal to split them. (S8)
















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