WOOD-WARBLERS   -   PARULIDAE


Crescent-chested Warbler - Parula superciliosa superciliosa
Crescent-chested Warbler
Oreothlypis superciliosa superciliosa
La Cumbre, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
A pretty warbler found in mountains from Mexico to Nicaragua. It is a vagrant to Southeast Arizona. Like Flame-throated Warbler, it was formerly placed in Parula. (S5)


Flame-throated Warbler - Oreothlypis gutturalis
Flame-throated Warbler
Oreothlypis gutturalis
Savegre Valley, San José province, Costa Rica.
This is a Chiriquí Endemic, a species found only in the mountains of Costa Rica and western Panama. The NACC has resurrected an old genus, Oreothlypis, for several North American and Central American species such as this one, which used to be placed in Parula. (S6)


MacGillivray's Warbler - Geothlypis tolmiei
MacGillivray's Warbler
Geothlypis tolmiei
Monte Alban, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Female. Most of the population winters in Mexico, but a few make it as far south as Panama. (S5)


Olive-crowned Yellowthroat - Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat
Geothlypis aequinoctialis semiflava
La Celica, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. A common and widespread Neotropical yellowthroat, found from Honduras to northwestern South America. (S8)


Olive-crowned Yellowthroat - Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat
Geothlypis aequinoctialis semiflava
End of the Milpe road, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Female. (S5)


Masked Yellowthroat - Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Masked Yellowthroat
Geothlypis aequinoctialis velata
Chapada de Diamantina, Bahia state, Brazil
Male. (D3)


Tropical Parula - Setophaga pitiayumi
Tropical Parula
Setophaga pitiayumi pacifica
Tulquizán, Carchi province, Ecuador.
Found from South Texas all the way south to northern Argentina and Uruguay. (S8)


Chestnut-sided Warbler - Setophaga pensylvanica
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Setophaga pensylvanica
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
This is either a female or a basic-plumage male. Most of the population winters in Central America, and they are especially common in lowland areas of Costa Rica. (S8)


Yellow Warbler - Setophaga petechia
Yellow Warbler
Setophaga petechia aureola
North Seymour Island, Galapagos, Ecuador.
Male.  This is the subspecies found widely in the Galapagos. It is also the subspecies on Cocos Island off the west coast of Costa Rica - this isn't so strange if you believe the theory that the Cocos Island Finch was the ancestor of all the Darwin's Finches. (S5)


Yellow-rumped Warbler - Setophaga coronata
Yellow-rumped (Audubon's) Warbler
Setophaga coronata auduboni
La Cumbre, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Female. A very familiar bird to North American birders! In winter, they migrate as far south as Panama, and vagrants occasionally reach South America. (S5)


White-lored Warbler - Myiothlypis conspicillata
White-lored Warbler
Myiothlypis conspicillata
El Dorado Reserve, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena, Colombia
Endemic to the Santa Marta mountains. This bird was eating moths on the steps to the kitchen. (S11)


Gray-and-gold Warbler - Basileuterus fraseri
Gray-and-gold Warbler
Basileuterus fraseri fraseri
Between La Victoria and Puyango, El Oro province, Ecuador.
This and the one below are the two warblers endemic to the Tumbesian Region on western Ecuador and northwestern Peru. They occasionally occur together in more humid foothill regions, such as at Buenaventura. (S8)


Three-banded Warbler - Basileuterus trifasciatus
Three-banded Warbler
Basileuterus trifasciatus trifasciatus
Limón de Poculla, Lambayeque department, Peru.
This species is restricted to the highlands of SW Ecuador and NW Peru. (S6)


Golden-crowned Warbler - Basileuterus culicivorus
Golden-crowned Warbler
Basileuterus culicivorus azarae
Reserva Biológica de Saltinho, Pernambuco state, Brazil.
(S6)


Golden-crowned Warbler - Basileuterus culicivorus
Golden-crowned (White-bellied) Warbler
Basileuterus culicivorus hypoleucus
São José da Serra, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Now lumped with Golden-crowned Warbler B. culicivorus; it inhabits dry forest in interior southern Brazil and adjacent countries. (S5f)


Rufous-capped Warbler - Basileuterus rufifrons
Rufous-capped Warbler
Basileuterus rufifrons rufifrons
El Ocote Biosphere Reserve, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Rufous-capped Warbler may well comprise two species - compare these two photos. The nominate group, which is pretty much endemic to Mexico, has yellow only on the throat and breast and the rufous is lighter, along with some other smaller differences. There also seems to be a difference in vocalizations, but I haven't looked at that too closely. (S5)


Rufous-capped Warbler - Basileuterus rufifrons
Rufous-capped Warbler
Basileuterus rufifrons delattrii
Northeast of Mapastepec, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Note the complete yellow underparts of this bird, as well as the one in the next photo. (S5)


Rufous-capped Warbler - Basileuterus rufifrons
Rufous-capped Warbler
Basileuterus rufifrons mesochrysus
Canopy Lodge, El Valle de Antón, Coclé province, Panama.
(S8)


Golden-browed Warbler - Basileuterus belli
Golden-browed Warbler
Basileuterus belli scitulus
Volcán Tacaná, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Found in montane forest from Mexico to Honduras. (S5)


Black-cheeked Warbler - Basileuterus melanogenys
Black-cheeked Warbler
Basileuterus melanogenys melanogenys
Savegre Valley, San José province, Costa Rica.
Another Chiriquí Endemic, restricted to the mountains of Costa Rica and western Panama. (S6)


Three-striped Warbler - Basileuterus tristriatus
Three-striped Warbler
Basileuterus tristriatus daedalus
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A common resident of Neotropical montane cloudforest from Costa Rica to Bolivia. (S7)


Golden-bellied (Choco) Warbler - Myiothlypis chrysogaster chlorophrys
Golden-bellied (Choco) Warbler
Myiothlypis chrysogaster chlorophrys
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Most people believe this taxon is well-deserving of species status, but SACC has not split it yet due to lack of published evidence. (S8)


Citrine Warbler - Myiothlypis luteoviridis
Citrine Warbler
Myiothlypis luteoviridis luteoviridis
Cerro Toledo, Loja province, Ecuador.
(S5)


Pale-legged Warbler - Myiothlypis signata
Pale-legged Warbler
Myiothlypis signata flavovirens
Calilegua NP, Jujuy province, Argentina.
A similar species to the Citrine Warbler B. luteoviridis. Citrine is found mainly southwards, but they do overlap in Peru. Note Pale-legged's longer yellow eyebrow that extends beyond the eye. (S5)


Black-crested Warbler - Myiothlypis nigrocristata
Black-crested Warbler
Myiothlypis nigrocristata
About 10 km southeast of Pifo, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Similar to the previous two species, but has pure black on the crown and lores. (S8)


Black-crested Warbler - Myiothlypis nigrocristata
Black-crested Warbler
Myiothlypis nigrocristata
Tandayapa, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
(S7)


Russet-crowned Warbler - Myiothlypis coronata
Russet-crowned Warbler
Myiothlypis coronata elata
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
This common and widespread Andean cloudforest species has one of the most recognizable songs of any bird in the mountain range. Click below to listen to a duet from a pair. (S8)


Flavescent Warbler - Myiothlypis flaveola
Flavescent Warbler
Myiothlypis flaveola flaveola
Serra do Cipó NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
A common bird in the understory of dry forest in much of central and eastern Brazil, as well as bordering countries. There is also a disjunct subspecies in Venezuela & Colombia. (S5f)


Buff-rumped Warbler - Myiothlypis fulvicauda
Buff-rumped Warbler
Myiothlypis fulvicauda semicervina
El Almejal Lodge, El Valle, Chocó department, Colombia.
A widespread species in Central America and parts of tropical South America. It only lives near forested rivers, streams, and ponds. (S8)


Riverbank Warbler - Myiothlypis rivularis
Riverbank Warbler
Myiothlypis rivularis rivularis
Ilha Comprida, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Replaces the previous species farther south in South America. Sometimes called Neotropical River Warbler. (S8)


Red Warbler - Cardellina rubra
Red Warbler
Cardellina rubra rubra
Highway 175 between Valle Nacional and Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico.
A very striking little bird that is endemic to Mexico. There is another races as well with gray face patches. (S5)


Pink-headed Warbler - Cardellina versicolor
Pink-headed Warbler
Cardellina versicolor
Volcán Tacaná, Chiapas state, Mexico.
These are fantastic little birds, one of my favorites from my Mexico trip in February 2009. It is endemic to Guatemala and the state of Chiapas in Mexico. This photo was taken about 50 meters from the Guatemalan border. (S5)


Canada Warbler - Cardellina canadensis
Canada Warbler
Cardellina canadensis
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. This North American breeder winters mainly in montane cloudforest in northwestern South America. (S8)


Slate-throated Whitestart - Myioborus miniatus
Slate-throated Whitestart (Redstart)
Myioborus miniatus ballux
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
SACC continues to call them redstarts, and propopsals to change the name have failed (it didn't help that one of them was very rude!). I just can't call them redstarts, it's an inappropriate name, and pretty much all recent field guides, as well as the IOC world bird list, have adopted the name "whitestart". (S7) 


Brown-capped Whitestart - Myioborus brunniceps
Brown-capped Whitestart (Redstart)
Myioborus brunniceps
Parque provincial Potrero de Yala, Jujuy province, Argentina.
The southernmost member of the genus, found in the yungas forests of Bolivia and Argentina. (S5)


Collared Whitestart - Myioborus torquatus
Collared Whitestart (Redstart)
Myioborus torquatus
Savegre Valley, San José province, Costa Rica.
Another Chiriquí Endemic, restricted to the mountains of Costa Rica and western Panama. This cute bird seems totally unafraid of people and is very approachable. Apparently a local name for it is "Amigo de Hombre" or "Man's Friend". On my first trip to Costa Rica in 1998, one of these guys followed me down a trail for something like 20 minutes. All I can think is that I was being a "beater" for it, disturbing insects for it to eat. (S6)


Spectacled Whitestart - Myioborus melanocephalus
Spectacled Whitestart (Redstart)
Myioborus melanocephalus ruficoronatus
Reserva Geobotanica Pululahua, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A very characteristic species of high Andean forests from S Colombia to Bolivia. This is a typical individual. Compare it to the following photo. (S8)


Spectacled Whitestart - Myioborus melanocephalus
Spectacled Whitestart (Redstart)
Myioborus melanocephalus ruficoronatus(?)
Santa Barbara-La Bonita road, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
Towards the northern limit of this species' range, in northern Ecuador and southern Colombia, it shows an entirely yellow forehead. This suggests intergradation with the Golden-fronted Whitestart M. ornatus that replaces it to the north. They should perhaps be conisidered conspecific, or maybe these birds should be described as a new subspecies. More research is needed. (S5f)


Yellow-crowned Whitestart - Myioborus flavivertex
Yellow-crowned Whitestart (Redstart)
Myioborus flavivertex
El Dorado reserve, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Endemic to the Santa Marta Mountains. (S6)


Wrenthrush - Zeledonia coronata
Wrenthrush
Zeledonia coronata
Cerro de la Muerte, San José province, Costa Rica.
The most aberrant member, formerly separated off in its own monotypic family. (D3)



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