TYRANT FLYCATCHERS   -   TYRANNIDAE   -   PART VI

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant to Conopias flycatchers


White-headed Marsh-Tyrant - Arundinicola leucocephala
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant
Arundinicola leucocephala
Pantanal Highway, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Male. A common bird in wetland areas throughout much of South America. (D2)


Cock-tailed Tyrant - Alectrurus tricolor
Cock-tailed Tyrant
Alectrurus tricolor
Serra da Canastra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Adult male. A wierd flycatcher restricted to tall, ungrazed grasslands. Widespread destruction of it's habitat has left it rather rare and local. They fly around with their tails cocked up making them look like toy airplanes! (S6)


Cock-tailed Tyrant - Alectrurus tricolor
Cock-tailed Tyrant
Alectrurus tricolor
Serra da Canastra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Female. (S10)


Tumbes Tyrant - Tumbezia salvini
Tumbes Tyrant
Tumbezia salvini
Zapotillo, Loja province, Ecuador.
This was a new species for Ecuador. I saw it with Alan Davies and Ruth Miller on 27 December 2008 during the final days of their "Biggest Twitch". I've put more detailed info on the sighting here. (S5)


Crowned Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca frontalis
Crowned Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca frontalis frontalis
Yanacocha reserve, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A scarce resident of high Andean temperate forest from Colombia to Bolivia. (S6)


Crowned Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca frontalis
Crowned (Kalinowski's) Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca frontalis boliviana
Bosque Unchog, Huánuco department, Peru.
Crowned Chat-Tyrants from central Peru to Bolivia have bright cinnamon patches on the wings. They are sometimes considered a separate species and called either Kalinowski's Chat-Tyrant or Peruvian Chat-Tyrant. (S8)


Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca diadema
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca diadema gratiosa
Tandayapa Valley, Pichincha Province, Ecuador
A common but unobtrusive species in montane cloudforest of northern South America. (S8)


Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris
Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris cinnamomeiventris
Nono-Tandayapa road, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
It's a pretty and strikingly-patterned flycatcher from the Andes. There is a lot of racial variation that will likely lead to splitting in the future. Two of the races are already frequently split off in various field guides. (S7)


Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca rufipectoralis
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca rufipectoralis obfuscata
Papallacta, Napo province, Ecuador.
(S6)


Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca fumicolor
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca fumicolor brunneifrons
Papallacta, Napo province, Ecuador.
A common bird at very high elevations in the Andes, and I have seen them well over 4000 m (13,000 ft). (S6)


d'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca oenanthoides
d'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca oenanthoides oenanthoides
Belen road, Region I, Chile.
Restricted to Polylepis woodland. (S5)


Piura Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca piurae
Piura Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca piurae
Limón de Porculla, Lambayeque department, Peru.
Endemic to montane scrub in NW Peru. Very similar to the next species. (S6)


White-browed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca leucophrys
White-browed Chat-Tyrant
Ochthoeca leucophrys tucumana
Los Cardones National Park, Salta province, Argentina.
Found in montane Andean scrub from southern Ecuador to nothern Argentina. (S8)


Patagonian Tyrant - Colorhamphus parvirostris
Patagonian Tyrant
Colorhamphus parvirostris
Reserva Nacional Altos de Lircay, Region VII, Chile.
(S5)


Cattle Tyrant - Machetornis rixosa
Cattle Tyrant
Machetornis rixosa rixosa
Pousada Piuval, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
This one is found throughout much of South America, wherever the appropriate open savanna habitat occurs. It is a bit reminiscent of a Tropical Kingbird, but its terrestial habits make it difficult to confuse. (D2)


Long-tailed Tyrant - Colonia colonus
Long-tailed Tyrant
Colonia colonus fuscicapillus 
Paquisha, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
A widespread neotropical species, occuring in lowland and foothill rainforest, prefering edge and clearings, throughout much of the region. (S6)


Long-tailed Tyrant - Colonia colonus
Long-tailed Tyrant
Colonia colonus leuconota
La Unión, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
This subspecies, which occurs west of the Andes, has a lot more white on the back. (S8)


Short-tailed Field Tyrant - Muscigralla brevicauda
Short-tailed Field Tyrant
Muscigralla brevicauda
Lomas de Lachay, Lima department, Lima.
This unique terrestrial flycatcher is found in desert areas west of the Andes from western Ecuador to northern Chile. (S6)


Piratic Flycatcher - Legatus leucophaius
Piratic Flycatcher
Legatus leucophaius leucophaius
Río Ayampe, Manabí province, Ecuador.
(S8)


Rusty-margined Flycatcher - Myiozetetes cayanensis
Rusty-margined Flycatcher
Myiozetetes cayanensis hellmayri
Summit Municipal Park, Panama province, Panama.
(S8)


Social Flycatcher - Myiozetetes similis
Social Flycatcher
Myiozetetes similis texensis
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
A common and widespread neotropical species. It occurs from Mexico to northern Argentina. (S8)


Social Flycatcher - Myiozetetes similis
Social Flycatcher
Myiozetetes similis columbianus
Posada El Limon, Maracay, Aragua state, Venezuela.
This race is rather distinctive, with an olive back and gray face. This gives it a rather pale appearance. Note the obvious pale edging to the wing coverts; Rusty-margineds often show a bit of this, but it is usually much more obvious on Socials. (D3)


Gray-capped Flycatcher - Myiozetetes granadensis
Gray-capped Flycatcher
Myiozetetes granadensis granadensis
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
(S6)


Dusky-chested Flycatcher - Myiozetetes luteiventris
Dusky-chested Flycatcher
Myiozetetes luteiventris luteiventris
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
(S8)


White-bearded Flycatcher - Phelpsia inornata
White-bearded Flycatcher
Phelpsia inornata
20km south of Calabozo, Guárico state, Venezuela.
This flycatcher is endemic to the Llanos (seasonally flooded savannas) of Venezuela and adjacent Colombia. It usually has a "fluffy" appearance in the field, with the side and throat feathers puffed out, a feature even evident in this poor photo. (D3)


Great Kiskadee - Pitangus sulphuratus
Great Kiskadee
Pitangus sulphuratus guatimalensis
Arenal Observatory Lodge, Alajuela province, Costa Rica..
One of the most common and familiar of all Neotropical birds. (S8)


Great Kiskadee - Pitangus sulphuratus
Great Kiskadee
Pitangus sulphuratus maximiliani
Pantanal Mato Grosso Hotel, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
(S8)


Lesser Kiskadee - Pitangus lictor
Lesser Kiskadee
Pitangus lictor lictor
Pixaim river, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Unlike it's congener, Lesser Kiskadee is only found near water. Its long, narrow bill separates it from other similar species like Rusty-margined Flycatcher (Myiozetetes cayanensis). (D3)


White-ringed Flycatcher - Conopias albovittatus
White-ringed Flycatcher
Conopias albovittatus albovittatus
Trail between El Valle and Parque Nacional Utría, Chocó department, Colombia.
This bird is found from Central America to NW Ecuador; its English name comes from the way the white head stripes connect on the nape. From behind, the nape appears extensively white, often the best way to separate this species from other similar looking flycatchers. (S8)


Three-striped Flycatcher - Conopias trivirgatus
Three-striped Flycatcher
Conopias trivirgatus trivirgatus
Cananéia, São Paulo state, Brazil.
A local species, but where it occurs, it is often a common member of mixed species flocks. This is the nominate race, endemic to the Atlantic Forest region. (S8)


Lemon-browed Flycatcher - Conopias cinchoneti
Lemon-browed Flycatcher
Conopias cinchoneti cinchoneti
Old Loja-Zamora road, Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador.
A bird of foothill forest in the Andes from the Colombia/Venezuela border to southern Peru. (S5)



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