TYRANT FLYCATCHERS   -   TYRANNIDAE   -   PART V

Black Phoebe to water-tyrants


Black Phoebe - Sayornis nigricans
Black Phoebe
Sayornis nigricans angustirostris
Urrao, Antioquia department, Colombia.
South American races, with the broad white edging to the wing coverts, may deserve to be a distinct species. (D3)


Vermilion Flycatcher - Pyrocephalus rubinus
Vermilion Flycatcher
Pyrocephalus rubinus piurae
El Tambo, Santa Elena province, Ecuador.
(S8)


Vermilion Flycatcher - Pyrocephalus rubinus
Vermilion Flycatcher
Pyrocephalus rubinus rubinus
Fazenda Santa Tereza (Pantanal Wildlife Center), Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Juvenile male. (S6)


Vermilion Flycatcher - Pyrocephalus rubinus
Vermilion Flycatcher
Pyrocephalus rubinus piurae
Chaparrí Reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
Female. (S6)


Austral Negrito - Lessonia rufa
Austral Negrito
Lessonia rufa
Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina.
Male. It was carrying food, so probably had a nest nearbut (25 Jan 2015). This species inhabits open, grassy areas in the Southern Cone. (S8)


Austral Negrito - Lessonia rufa
Austral Negrito
Lessonia rufa
Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina.
Female. (S8)


Andean Negrito - Lessonia oreas
Andean Negrito
Lessonia oreas
Lake Junín, Junín department, Peru.
Male. Very similar to the previous species, but inhabits high Andean lakes and bogs from Peru to northwestern Argentina. (S8)


Cinereous Tyrant - Knipolegus striaticeps
Cinereous Tyrant
Knipolegus striaticeps
San José de las Salinas, Córdoba province, Argentina.
Male. (D3)


Cinereous Tyrant - Knipolegus striaticeps
Cinereous Tyrant
Knipolegus striaticeps
Taco Pozo, Chaco province, Argentina.
Female. (S8)



Amazonian Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus poecilocercus
Amazonian Black-Tyrant
Knipolegus poecilocercus
Reserva Natural Palmarí, Amazonas state, Brazil.
Female. (D3)


Andean Tyrant - Knipolegus signatusAndean Tyrant - Knipolegus signatus
Andean Tyrant
Knipolegus signatus cabanisi
Yala, Salta province, Argentina.
A juvenile male; adult males are much grayer. This species is found from northern Peru to northern Argentina. These photos are from the southern subspecies, which some experts beleive should be considered a different species (Plumbeous Tyrant), since the males are gray instead of black. (S6)
Andean Tyrant
Knipolegus signatus cabanisi
Yala, Salta province, Argentina.
Female. (S6)


Blue-billed Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus cyanirostris
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant
Knipolegus cyanirostris
Pico da Caledônia, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
I don't yet have a shot of the male, which looks completely different. (S7)


Blue-billed Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus cyanirostris
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant
Knipolegus cyanirostris
Hotel São Gotardo, Garganta de Registro, border of RJ and MG states, Brazil.
13 October 2007. She was nesting in the window of my room at the hotel. I put the lens of my point-and-shoot camera right up against the glass and shot in macro mode. (P2)


Rufous-tailed Tyrant - Knipolegus poecilurus
Rufous-tailed Tyrant
Knipolegus poecilurus peruanus
Villa Rica-Oxapampa road, Pasco region, Peru.
A local South American species often found near cliffs and roadcuts. (S8)


Crested Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus lophotes
Crested Black-Tyrant
Knipolegus lophotes
Serra da Canatra, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
A very elegant flycatcher found from south-central Brazil to Paraguay and Uruguay. (S6)


Velvety Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus nigerrimus
Velvety Black-Tyrant
Knipolegus nigerrimus
Hotel São Gotardo, border of Rio, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Male. Endemic to east and southeast Brazil. The female has reddish streaks on the throat. (S8)


Plumbeous Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus cabanisi
Plumbeous Black-Tyrant
Knipolegus cabanisi
Parque Provincial Potrero de Yala, Jujuy province, Argentina.
Male. Formerly called Andean Tyrant before a recent split (see here). It inhabits montane forest from southern Peru south to northwestern Argentina. (S8)


Spectacled Tyrant - Hymenops perspicillatus
Spectacled Tyrant
Hymenops perspicillatus perspicillatus
Quinta, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil.
Male. A common and conspicuous bird over much of the Southern Cone. (D4)


Spectacled Tyrant - Hymenops perspicillatus
Spectacled Tyrant
Hymenops perspicillatus andinus
Quinta, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil.
Male. (S6)


Spectacled Tyrant - Hymenops perspicillatus
Spectacled Tyrant
Hymenops perspicillatus andinus
Quinta, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil.
Female. (S6)


Drab Water-Tyrant - Ochthornis littoralis
Drab Water-Tyrant
Ochthornis littoralis
Mitú, Vaupés department, Colombia.
A common bird along most larger rivers throughout the Amazon basin. (S6)


Yellow-browed Tyrant - Satrapa icterophrys
Yellow-browed Tyrant
Satrapa icterophrys
Lesser, Salta province, Argentina.
Male. A unique tyrant flycatcher separated in its own monotypic genus. It's rather widespread east of the Andes, and southern breeders are migratory. (S8)


Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola maculirostris
Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola maculirostris rufescens
San Antonio de Pichincha, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
This subspecies is endemic to Ecuador. Some references make out that they are rufous underneath, but all the ones that I have seen are at best a bit buffy underneath. (S8)


Puna Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola juninensis
Puna Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola juninensis
Lauca National Park, Region I, Chile.
(S5)


White-fronted Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola albifrons
White-fronted Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola albifrons
Ticlio Bog, Lima department, Peru.
(S8)


Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola flavinucha
Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola flavinucha flavinucha
El Yeso, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile.
(S5)


Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola rufivertex
Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola rufivertex occipitalis
Cumbremayo, Cajamarca department, Peru.
(S6)


Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola maclovianus
Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola maclovianus mentalis
Garibaldi Pass, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina.
Mainland South America birds are highly migratory. They breed from September to March in southern Chile and Argentina, then move north during the austral winter to Peru, with vagrants reaching Ecuador on a couple of occasions. The mainland ssp. mentalis is smaller than the nominate (below). (S8)


Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola maclovianus
Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola maclovianus maclovianus
Gypsy Cove, East Falkland, Falkland Islands (Malvinas).
(S8)


White-browed Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola albilora White-browed Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola albilora
White-browed Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola albilora
El Yeso, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile.
(S5)
White-browed Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola albilora
El Yeso, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile.
(S5)


Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola capistratus
Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola capistratus
Pali Aike National Park, Region XII, Chile.
(S5)


Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola capistratus
Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola capistratus
Pali Aike National Park, Region XII, Chile.
A bird bringing material to its nest; 9 November 2008. (S5)


Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola frontalis
Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant
Muscisaxicola frontalis
Abra Lizoite, Sierra de Santa Victoria, Salta province, Argentina.
This high Andean species breeds in Argentina, Chile, and southern Bolivia; in the winter, they move north into western Bolivia and southern Peru. (S8)


White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant - Agriornis albicauda
White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant
Agriornis albicauda
Cajamarca-Celendín road, Cajamarca department, Peru.
A fairly widespread bird in the high Andes, occuring from Ecuador to northern Chile and northern Argentina, but it is very scarce and local. The reasons for this are unknown as it seems to do quite well in degraded areas, even agricultural fields. (S6)


Lesser Shrike-Tyrant - Agriornis murinus
Lesser Shrike-Tyrant
Agriornis murinus
Valdes Peninsula, Chubut province, Argentina.
Found mainly in Patagonian steppe in southern Argentina, but moves north in winter as far as southern Bolivia. (S6)


Gray Monjita - Xolmis cinereus
Gray Monjita
Xolmis cinereus cinereus
Southeast of Sumidouro, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
The ruby-red eye sets it apart from all the other monjitas. (D2)


White-rumped Monjita - Xolmis velatus
White-rumped Monjita
Xolmis velatus
São Roque de Minas, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
(S5)


White Monjita - Xolmis irupero
White Monjita
Xolmis irupero irupero
San Jose de las Salinas, Córdoba province, Argentina.
An immaculate, gleaming bird that can be detected at great distances thanks to it's preference to very open habitats. (D3)


Salinas Monjita - Xolmis salinarum
Salinas Monjita
Xolmis salinarum
Salinas Grandes, Córdoba province, Argentina.
This attractive flycatcher is endemic to central Argentina, where it lives in low, stunted vegetation on the edge of salt pans. (D3)


Salinas Monjita - Xolmis salinarum
Salinas Monjita
Xolmis salinarum
Salinas Grandes, Córdoba province, Argentina.
This one was photographed a few years later in almost the same spot, but with an SLR. (S5)


Rusty-backed Monjita - Xolmis rubetra
Rusty-backed Monjita
Xolmis rubetra
Trelew-Punta Tombo road, Chubut province, Argentina.
Restricted to Patagonian steppe of southern Argentina. (S6)


Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant - Myiotheretes striaticollis
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant
Myiotheretes striaticollis striaticollis
Entrance road of the Yanacocha Reserve, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
(S8)


Santa Marta Bush-Tyrant - Myiotheretes pernix
Santa Marta Bush-Tyrant
Myiotheretes pernix
El Dorado reserve, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Endemic to the Santa Martas. It occurs there together with the previous species, though prefers more forested areas. It looks similar, though lacks the rufous base to the tail feathers. (D7)

Smoky Bush-Tyrant - Myiotheretes fumigatus
Smoky Bush-Tyrant
Myiotheretes fumigatus cajamarcae
Tapichalaca reserve, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
(S5)


Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant - Myiotheretes fuscorufus
Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant
Myiotheretes fuscorufus
Villa Rica-Oxapampa road, Pasco region, Peru.
A scarce and often hard to find species; it's found in Andean cloudforest from central Peru to western Bolivia. (S8)


Rufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant - Polioxolmis rufipennisRufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant - Polioxolmis rufipennis
Rufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant
Polioxolmis rufipennis rufipennis
Cajamarca-Celendín road, Cajamarca region, Peru.
Found in open puna and agricultural areas from Pery to northern Chile and northern Argentina. A very drab, monotypic species, but... (S6)
Rufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant
Polioxolmis rufipennis rufipennis
Cajamarca-Celendín road, Cajamarca region, Peru.
... a little less drab when seen in flight. (S6)


Streamer-tailed Tyrant - Gubernetes yetapa
Streamer-tailed Tyrant
Gubernetes yetapa
Serra de Canstra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
I think this is the largest member of the family (40 cm), and probably the most spectacular, especially when pairs display such as in this shot. (D3)


Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant - Muscipipra vetula
Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant
Muscipipra vetula
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
A monotypic genus endemic to the Atlantic Forest region. It lives in the canopy of montane forest. (S6)


Pied Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola pica
Pied Water-Tyrant
Fluvicola pica
Játira dam, Falcón state, Venezuela.
(D3)


Black-backed Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola albiventer
Black-backed Water-Tyrant
Fluvicola albiventer
Rio Cuiabá near Porto Jofre, Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
(S8)


Black-backed Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola albiventer
Black-backed Water-Tyrant
Fluvicola albiventer
Fazenda Santa Tereza (Pantanal Wildlife Center), Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
This bird has a slightly gray back than the one in the previous photo. I wonder if it is a female or immature, though this feature is not mentioned in field guides. (S6)


Masked Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola nengeta Masked Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola nengeta
Masked Water-Tyrant
Fluvicola nengeta nengeta
Guapi Assu Bird Lodge, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
This bird has possibly the most disjunct range in South America. It occurs on opposite ends of the continent, with one race in eastern Brazil and the other mostly restricted to Ecuador west of the Andes. (D2)
Masked Water-Tyrant
Fluvicola nengeta atripennis
Finca Exito I, c. 20 km N of Puerto Quito, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
The great similarities in plumage and voice make it unlikely that the two races will be split despite their disjunct ranges. (S5)


Masked Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola nengeta
Masked Water-Tyrant
Fluvicola nengeta atripennis
Yalare, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
(S7)













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