TYRANT FLYCATCHERS   -   TYRANNIDAE   -   PART IV

Spadebills to Xenotriccus flycatchers


Stub-tailed Spadebill - Platyrinchus cancrominus
Stub-tailed Spadebill
Platyrinchus cancrominus
Las Guacamayas, Chiapas state, Mexico.
(S5)


White-throated Spadebill - Platyrinchus mystaceus
White-throated Spadebill
Platyrinchus mystaceus albogularis
Buenaventura reserve, El Oro province, Ecuador.
Probably the most common spadebill overall. It's found in most of tropical South America outside of the Amazon. (S8)


Golden-crowned Spadebill - Platyrinchus coronatus
Golden-crowned Spadebill
Platyrinchus coronatus superciliaris
Mangaloma reserve, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
I observed the lower bird feed the insect it was carrying to the upper bird. The upper bird did not seem to be begging, and did not show plumage signs of being a young bird, so I suspect this was courtship feeding. (S6)


Golden-crowned Spadebill - Platyrinchus coronatus
Golden-crowned Spadebill
Platyrinchus coronatus superciliaris
Pipeline Road, Soberania National Park, Colón province, Panama.
(S8)


Yellow-throated Spadebill - Platyrinchus flavigularis
Yellow-throated Spadebill
Platyrinchus flavigularis flavigularis
WildSumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
A poor shot of a rare bird. That's my second botched opportunity! I'll just have to keep trying. It's a rather odd species of spadebill, with quite a small bill and without strong markings on the face. (S7)


White-crested Spadebill - Platyrinchus platyrhynchos
White-crested Spadebill
Platyrinchus platyrhynchos amazonicus
Rio Azul Jungle Lodge, Pará, Brazil.
A widespread Amazonian rainforest species. (S11)


Royal Flycatcher - Onychorhynchus coronatus
(Pacific) Royal Flycatcher
Onychorhynchus coronatus occidentalis
Reserva Ecológica Manglares-Churute, Guayas province, Ecuador.

Royal Flycatchers are pathily distributed in tropical forests from Mexico to Southeast Brazil. There are several different isolated subspecies that differ in plumage but not significantly in voice, so there is little consensus among ornithologists as to whether they should be considered separate species or not. This bird belongs to the subspecies endemic to the Tumbesian region of western Ecuador and northwestern Peru, which is more tawny than any of the other subspecies; compare with the next photo. They almost never reveal their amazing fan-like crest. (S8)


Royal Flycatcher - Onychorhynchus coronatus
(Northern) Royal Flycatcher
Onychorhynchus coronatus mexicanus
Carara NP, Puntarenas province, Costa Rica.

Carrying nesting material. This bird is of the northernmost subspecies. (S5)


Royal Flycatcher - Onychorhynchus coronatus
(Atlantic) Royal Flycatcher
Onychorhynchus coronatus swainsoni
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.

Perhaps the rarest of the Royal Flycatchers. It is restricted to the Atlantic Forest region, where it is found only in scattered sites, and often absent from areas of good forest that would seem appropriate. It's voice is a bit different from the other royal flycatchers, which is perhaps not surprising given its isolation from ther others. (S8)


Flavescent Flycatcher - Myiophobus flavicans
Flavescent Flycatcher
Myiophobus flavicans flavicans
Tandayapa Valley, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
This species is widespread in montane cloudforest in northern South America. (S7)


Orange-crested Flycatcher - Myiophobus phoenicomitra
Orange-crested Flycatcher
Myiophobus phoenicomitra phoenicomitra
Puerto Minerto, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
Occurs in foothill rainforest of the Andes from Colombia to Peru. (S6)


Orange-banded Flycatcher - Nephelomyias lintoni
Orange-banded Flycatcher
Nephelomyias lintoni
Cordillera de Lagunillas, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
Restricted to southern Ecuador and extreme northern Peru. It was recently transferred into the newly erected genus Nephelomyias, see SACC proposal 425. (S6)


Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher - Nephelomyias ochraceiventris
Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher
Nephelomyias ochraceiventris
Bosque Unchog, Huánuco department, Peru.
Inhabits high elevation forest in the Andes from northern Peru to western Bolivia. (S8)


Olive-chested Flycatcher - Myiophobus cryptoxanthus
Olive-chested Flycatcher
Myiophobus cryptoxanthus
WildSumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
It has a surprisingly restricted range for a bird that likes trashed habitat; it's found only in eastern Ecuador and northern Peru. It appears to expanding its range due to deforestation. (S7)


Bran-colored Flycatcher - Myiophobus fasciatus Bran-colored Flycatcher - Myiophobus fasciatus
Bran-colored Flycatcher
Myiophobus fasciatus flammiceps
Reserva Ecolgica de Guapi Assu, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
(S5f)
Bran-colored Flycatcher
Myiophobus fasciatus flammiceps
Reserva Ecolgica de Guapi Assu, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
The same bird from a different angle. (S5f)


Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher - Myiobius sulphureipygius
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher
Myiobius villosus aureatus
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Found in rainforest from Mexico to W Ecuador. (S8)


Whiskered Flycatcher - Myiobius barbatus
Whiskered (Yellow-rumped) Flycatcher
Myiobius barbatus mastacalis
Perequê, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
This is often lumped with Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher M. sulphureipygius; this subspecies was once once considered a separate species, Yellow-rumped Flycatcher M. mastacalis, endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest. (S7)


Black-tailed Flycatcher - Myiobius atricaudus
Black-tailed Flycatcher
Myiobius atricaudus portovelae
Río Ayampe, Manabí province, Ecuador.
This understory species is wide ranging, found in various types of forest from Costa Rica to SE Brazil. (S8)


Black-tailed Flycatcher - Myiobius atricaudus
Black-tailed Flycatcher
Myiobius atricaudus 
Mitú, Vaupés department, Colombia.
A poor photo, but I include it as it helps document the range of this species, which is still imperfectly known. The round tail and dull brown breast help distinguish this bird from the similar Whiskered Flycatcher M. barbatus. (S6)


Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher - Terenotriccus erythrurus
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher
Terenotriccus erythrurus fulvigularis
Río Canandé reserve, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
A widespread Neotropical lowland rainforest species, found from Mexico to Brazil. (S8)


Cinnamon Flycatcher - Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus
Cinnamon Flycatcher
Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus pyrrhoptera

Nono-Tandayapa road, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A common cloudforest species in South America. (S8)


Cinnamon Flycatcher - Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus
Cinnamon Flycatcher
Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus pyrrhoptera

Las Tangaras Reserve, El Carmen, Chocó department, Colombia.
(S6)


Cinnamon Flycatcher - Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus
Cinnamon Flycatcher
Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus assimilis

San Lorenzo ridge, Sierra de Santa Marta, Magdalena department, Colombia.
A distinctive subspecies endemic to the Santa Marta mountains, with much brighter cinnamon plumage. (S6)


Euler's Flycatcher - Lathrotriccus euleri
Euler's Flycatcher
Lathrotriccus euleri argentinus
Parque provincial Potrero de Yala, Jujuy province, Argentina.

It just might win the prize as the dullest member of the family. (S8)


Gray-breasted Flycatcher - Lathrotriccus griseipectus
Gray-breasted Flycatcher
Lathrotriccus griseipectus
Buenaventura, El Oro province, Ecuador.
Endemic to dry and semi-humid forests of southern Ecuador and northwestern Peru. (S7)


Cliff Flycatcher - Hirundinea ferruginea
Cliff Flycatcher
Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa
Hotel do Ypê, Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.

There is some evidence that at least two species are involved. Compare this bird, an example of one of the southern races, to the one a few shots below. Southern races are also more tolerant of a variety of habitats, not not only occurring on rock faces, but also frequently on buildings, wires, etc.; they also have a slightly slower paced song. (S8)


Cliff Flycatcher - Hirundinea ferruginea
Cliff Flycatcher
Hirundinea ferruginea pallidior
Cafayate, Salta province, Argentina.

Incubating on a nest in the eaves on a building, 28 Sep 2014. (S8)


Cliff Flycatcher - Hirundinea ferruginea
Cliff Flycatcher
Hirundinea ferruginea sclateri
Loreto road, Napo province, Ecuador.
The Andean subspecies, which is virtually never found far from rock faces. (D2)


Fuscous Flycatcher - Cnemotriccus fuscatus
Fuscous Flycatcher
Cnemotriccus fuscatus bimaculatus(?)
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
A widespread bird in tropical South America, but often local and easily overlooked. (S11)


Yellow-bellied Flycatcher - Empidonax flaviventris
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Empidonax flaviventris
North of Mapastepec, Chiapas state, Mexico.
A winter resident in Mexico and Central America, breeding in eastern North America. (S5)


Acadian Flycatcher - Empidonax virescens
Acadian Flycatcher
Empidonax virescens
Rio Silanche Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Large numbers of this eastern US breeder winter in western Ecuador. This bird seemed to be attending an army ant swarm. (S8)


Dusky Flycatcher - Empidonax oberholseri
Dusky Flycatcher
Empidonax oberholseri
Monte Alban, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Here at about the southern limit of its range, where it is only a winter resident. (S5)


Western Flycatcher - Empidonax difficilis/occidentalis
"Western" Flycatcher
Empidonax difficilis/occidentalis
Southwest of San Miguel Suchixtepec, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
It is notoriously hard, and some would say impossible, to separate these in the field unless they are vocalizing. (S5)


Black-capped Flycatcher - Empidonax atriceps
Black-capped Flycatcher
Empidonax atriceps
Savegre Mountain Lodge, San José prov., Costa Rica
The most distinctive member of this often confusing genus; it is endemic to the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. (D3)


Yellowish Flycatcher - Empidonax flavescens
Yellowish Flycatcher - Empidonax flavescens
Yellowish Flycatcher
Empidonax flavescens flavescens
Savegre Mountain Lodge, San José prov., Costa Rica
Found in montane forest from southern Mexico to Panama. (D3)
Yellowish Flycatcher
Empidonax flavescens salvini
Tacaná Volcano, Chiapas state, Mexico.

(S5f)


Dark Pewee - Contopus lugubris
Dark Pewee
Contopus lugubris
Near Bosque de Paz, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
Endemic to the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. (S8)


Smoke-colored Pewee - Contopus fumigatus
Smoke-colored Pewee
Contopus fumigatus zarumae
Tandayapa, Pichincha province, Ecuador. 
(S8)


Greater Pewee - Contopus pertinax
Greater Pewee
Contopus pertinax pertinax
Oaxaca Valley, Mexico.

(S5f)


Western Wood-Pewee - Contopus sordidulus
Western Wood-Pewee
Contopus sordidulus (ssp?)
Near the Rio Silanche Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Breeds in western North America, and wintering birds move south as far as central South America. In Ecuador, Western Wood-Pewees are quite common west of the Andes, where Eastern is very rare. (S8)


Eastern Wood-Pewee - Contopus virens
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Contopus virens
Parque La Florida, Bogotá, Colombia.

Probably a passage migrant, since this is not a typical wintering area. T
here were at least three different individuals present that morning. (D3)


Tropical Pewee - Contopus cinereus
Tropical Pewee
Contopus cinereus brachytarsus
Tigre, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
There is a lot of racial variation in this widespread Neotropical species, and some races are split by various taxonomical authorities. This taxon is found from Mexico to Panama. (S8)


Tropical Pewee - Contopus cinereus
Tropical Pewee
Contopus cinereus cinereus
Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
(S7)


Tropical Pewee - Contopus cinereus
Tropical Pewee
Contopus cinereus punensis
Río Ayampe, Manabí province, Ecuador.

This race is sometimes split (e.g. Birds of Ecuador by Ridgely and Greenfield) as Tumbes Pewee, C. punensis, due to its distinct vocalizations. (S8)


Blackish Pewee - Contopus nigrescens
Blackish Pewee
Contopus nigrescens canescens
Serra dos Carajás, Pará state, Brazil.

A rare and very local pewee occurring disjuctly in the eastern foothills of the Andes in Ecuador & Peru and in some isolated areas of the eastern Amazon. (D3)


Tufted Flycatcher - Mitrephanes phaeocercus
Tufted Flycatcher
Mitrephanes phaeocercus aurantiiventris
Near Bosque de Paz, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
This pewee-like flycatcher inhabits rainforest and cloudforest from Mexico to NW Ecuador. (S8)


Tufted Flycatcher - Mitrephanes phaeocercus
Tufted Flycatcher
Mitrephanes phaeocercus berlepschi
La Unión, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
A slightly duller race found from eastern Panama to northwestern Ecuador. (S8)


Belted Flycatcher - Xenotriccus callizonus
Belted Flycatcher
Xenotriccus callizonus
El Sumidero National Park, Chiapas state, Mexico.
This species and the next are the only members of this genus - you can certainly see the similarity in form, but Belted Flycatcher definitely wins the beauty contest. It is found very locally from southern Mexico to El Salvador. (S5)


Pileated Flycatcher - Xenotriccus mexicanus
Pileated Flycatcher
Xenotriccus mexicanus
Monte Alban, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Endemic to Mexico. There is one record from from Guatemala but it remains unconfirmed, see here. (S5)














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