TYRANT FLYCATCHERS   -   TYRANNIDAE   -   PART II

Tit-tyrants to Ornate Flycatcher

Black-crested Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes nigrocristatus
Black-crested Tit-Tyrant
Anairetes nigrocristatus
Utuana reserve, Loja province, Ecuador.
This species is almost endemic to Peru, barely reaching southern Ecuador in the Utuana area, where this photo was taken. (S7)


Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes alpinus
Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant
Anairetes alpinus alpinus
Abra Malaga, Cuzco department, Peru.
A very local and endangered species found only in very high elevation Polylepis woodland in Peru and Bolivia. This photo was taken at 4370 m. (14330 ft.) above sea level in the private reserve at Abra Malaga, which is one of the best places to see this species. (S6)


Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes flavirostris
Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant
Anairetes flavirostris flavirostris
Yavi, Jujuy province, Argentina.
This subspecies has a unique migration, breeding in the high Andes of Argentina and Bolivia, and wintering in the low plains to the east of the mountains. (S6)


Tufted Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes parulus
Tufted Tit-Tyrant
Anairetes parulus aequatorialis
La Cuesta del Obispo, Salta province, Argentina.
The most widespread of the tit-tyrants, found from Colombia to Tierra del Fuego. (S5)


Agile Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes agilis
Agile Tit-Tyrant
Anairetes agilis
Papallacta, Napo province, Ecuador.
Inhabits high elevation forest in the Andes from Venezuela to Ecuador. It's almost always found in or near Chusquea bamboo patches. (S5)


Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes agraphia
Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant
Anairetes agraphia agraphia
Abra Malaga-Quillabamba Road, Cuzco department, Peru.
Endemic to Peru. It's the sister species of the Agile Tit-Tyrant (above), which it replaces to the south. Like that species, it is found in high elevation Andean forests with Chusquea bamboo. (S6)


Torrent Tyrannulet - Serpophaga cinerea
Torrent Tyrannulet
Serpophaga cinerea cinerea
Laguna de San Pablo, Otavalo, Imbabura province, Ecuador.
As its name suggests, this bird is usually found around rushing mountain streams. Smaller numbers also occur around highland lakes; this shot is a good example. (S7)


Sooty Tyrannulet - Serpophaga nigricans
Sooty Tyrannulet
Serpophaga nigricans
Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
(D3)


White-bellied Tyrannulet - Serpophaga munda
White-bellied Tyrannulet
Serpophaga munda
Cafayate, Salta province, Argentina.
This species is lumped by some with White-crested Tyrannulet S. subcristata since their vocalizations seem to be identical. (S6)


Straneck's Tyrannulet - Serpophaga griseicapilla
Straneck's Tyrannulet
Serpophaga griseicapilla
Dique Florentino Ameghino, Chubut province, Argentina.
This species was known about for many years, but due to some confusion, mislabeled specimens, and some naming problems, it was not "officially" accepted as a real species until quite recently. See SACC proposal 419 for more info. This individual is fairly washed out, normally they look a little more yellow on the underparts and wingpars, but it does have the feature of showing very little white in the crest. It was also calling. Thanks to Mark Pearman for confirming the ID. (S6)


Mouse-colored Tyrannulet - Phaeomyias murina
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet
Phaeomyias murina murina
Canudos, Bahia state, Brazil.
This species can sometimes be confusing. Look for the long, slender shape combined with brown plumage, two pale wingbars that often appear tan, and the pale superciliary. (S6)


Mouse-colored Tyrannulet - Phaeomyias murina
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet
Phaeomyias murina incomta
Tulquizán, Carchi province, Ecuador.
Ridgely and Greenfield (2001) incorrectly identified the birds in dry valleys of extreme northern Ecuador as tumbezana (see below). Now that vocalizations are better known, it is clear that these birds belong to the "murina" group, presumably the subspecies incompta that is found throughout Colombia. (S8)


Mouse-colored Tyrannulet - Phaeomyias murina
Mouse-colored (Tumbesian) Tyrannulet
Phaeomyias murina tumbezana
El Tambo, Santa Elena province, Ecuador.
Ridgely and Greenfield (2001) treated the three races in SW Ecuador and NW Peru as a distinct species (Tumbesian Tyrannulet, P. tumbezana) based mainly on vocalizations. That might be the best course, but there has never been a systematic study of the species. (S8)


Yellow Tyrannulet - Capsiempis flaveola
Yellow Tyrannulet
Capsiempis flaveola flaveola
Reserva Ecolgica de Guapi Assu, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
A fairly common bird over much of tropical Central and South America. It is often found in bamboo patches, but it is not restricted to them. This individual was in secondary scrub with no bamboo next to a swamp. (S6)


Bearded Tachuri - Polystictus pectoralis
Bearded Tachuri
Polystictus pectoralis brevipennis
Karanambu Ranch, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo region, Guyana.
Female. It specializes in savannas with tall grass, though they seem to be thinly spread even in the best habitat. (D3)


Gray-backed Tachuri - Polystictus superciliaris
Gray-backed Tachuri
Polystictus superciliaris
Serra do Cipó, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Here's a cute little bird endemic to the savannas of interior Southeast Brazil. Cipó and Canastra are the best places I know to find it. (S5)


Subtropical Doradito - Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis
Subtropical Doradito
Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis
Laguna de San Pablo, Otavalo, Imbabura province, Ecuador.
Primarily found in reedbeds around Andean lakes, but I have seen it on one occasion in montane scrub a long way from any lake. It is migratory in the southern part of its range, where it moves out into adjacent lowlands in winter. (S7)


Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant - Pseudotriccus pelzelni
Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant
Pseudotriccus pelzelni annectens
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A scarce inhabitant of cloudforest understory from E Panama to S Peru. You can often locate it from the sharp snapping sound it makes with its wings. (S8)


Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant - Pseudotriccus ruficeps
Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant
Pseudotriccus ruficeps
Upper Tandayapa Valley, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Adult. (S8)


Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant - Pseudotriccus ruficeps
Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant
Pseudotriccus ruficeps
Yanacocha reserve, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Juvenile, lacking the rufous head of the adult. (S6)


Southern Antpipit - Corythopis delalandi
Southern Antpipit
Corythopis delalandi
Serra da Canastra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
This odd terrestrial flycatcher was formerly thought to be an antbird. It is found in southeastern South America, usually in drier forest, but it does range locally into younger rainforest. It's the sister species of the similar Ringed Antpipit C. torquatus (below), which has a mainly Amazonian distribution and a different song. (S6)


Ringed Antpipit - Corythopis torquatus
Ringed Antpipit
Corythopis torquatus anthoides
Mitú, Vaupués department, Colombia.
The grayish tone of the face and forecrown suggest that this individual is of race anthoides, which is not mentioned for Colombia on either the Clements list or IBC. Also see comments for above species. (S6)


Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant - Euscarthmus meloryphus
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant
Euscarthmus meloryphus fulviceps
Reserva Ecologica Manglares-Churute, Guayas province, Ecuador.
A widespread species, found throughout drier areas of South America. (S8)


Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant - Euscarthmus rufomarginatus
Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant
Euscarthmus rufomarginatus
Mugugê, Bahia state, Brazil.
Maps make it look like this species has a large range, mainly in the cerrado of Brazil, but is very local and known only from relatively few sites. (S6)


Gray-and-white Tyrannulet - Pseudelaenia leucospodia
Gray-and-white Tyrannulet
Pseudelaenia leucospodia
Chaparrí Reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
An odd monotypic genus restricted to arid and usually sparsely vegetated areas of southwestern Ecuador and northwestern Peru. It's genus name refers to the fact that it is superficially very similar to the elaenias. (S6)


Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant - Stigmatura napensis
Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant
Stigmatura napensis napensis
River island in the Rio Aguarico on the Ecuador(Sucumbíos)-Peru(Loreto) border.
There are two geographically isolated races of this species that are probably better treated as separate species. This is the nominate race that is restricted to river islands in large rivers in the Amazon river system. (S8)


Greater Wagtail-Tyrant - Stigmatura budytoides
Greater Wagtail-Tyrant
Stigmatura budytoides gracilis
Canudos-Jeremoaba road, Bahia state, Brazil.
Very similar to the sympatric race bahiae of Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant (S. napensis). I identified this as S. budytoides based on the gray crown, clear yellow underparts, and solid white wing coverts. Sometimes split as Caatinga Wagtail-Tyrant S. gracilis. (D3)


Paltry Tyrannulet - Zimmerius vilissimus
Paltry Tyrannulet
Zimmerius vilissimus parvus
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
Such a derogatory name for a bird! The English name is pretty much a synonym of the latin name, which means "worthless" (Jobling 1991). What did Philip Sclater and Osbert Salvin, who described this species in 1859, have against it? (S6)


Choco Tyrannulet - Zimmerius albigularis
Choco Tyrannulet
Zimmerius albigularis
Río Silanche Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A fairly recent split from Golden-faced Tyrannulet Z. chrysops. (S8)


Golden-faced Tyrannulet - Zimmerius chrysops
Golden-faced Tyrannulet
Zimmerius chrysops chrysops
Old Loja-Zamora Highway, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
(S5)


Red-billed Tyrannulet - Zimmerius cinereicapilla
Red-billed Tyrannulet
Zimmerius cinereicapilla
Afluente, San Martín department, Peru.
A rather scarce and local flycatcher of east Andean foothills of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The red bill can be hard to see in the field since you are often looking up on the bird in badly backlit conditions. (D2)


Slender-footed Tyrannulet - Zimmerius gracilipes
Slender-footed Tyrannulet(?)
Zimmerius gracilipes(?)
Serra de Baturité, Ceará state, Brazil.
The taxonomy of this group is in a state of flux. Some references mention that the recently split taxon acer is the one that occurs here, but see the comments by Frank Rheindt http://www.xeno-canto.org/features.php?blognr=6&action=view that suggest that this is not true, or that both taxa could occur here together. Ciro Albano's article on NE Brazil in Neotropical Birding 6 mentions that "almost certainly a cryptic new taxon is involved". I will leave this as Slender-footed until I have more infomation to go by. This bird was silent, so voice was not an ID clue. (S6)


Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant - Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus
Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant
Phylloscartes ophthalmicus ophthalmicus
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
(S8)


Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant - Phylloscartes lanyoni
Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant
Phylloscartes lanyoni
Gruta del Condor, Doradal, Antioquia department, Colombia.
This species is a very localized endemic to NW Colombia. It was only described in 1988. (S6)


Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes ventralis
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes ventralis ventralis
Vale das Taquaras, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
(S5)


Restinga Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes kronei
Restinga Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes kronei
Ilha Comprida, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Described only in 1992, this Brazilian endemic inhabits a narrow strip of coastal forest and scrub from southern São Paulo to Paraná. (S8)


Ecuadorian Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes gualaquizae
Ecuadorian Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes gualaquizae
Old Loja-Zamora Highway, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
A restricted-ranged species almost endemic to Ecuador, but it is also found locally in northern Peru. (S5)


Alagoas Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes ceciliae
Alagoas Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes ceciliae
RPPN Frei Caneca, Pernambuco state, Brazil.
A seriously endangered species found only in northeastern Brazil, with a population estimated at less than 1000 individuals (http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=4203). (S6)


Minas Gerais Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes roquettei Minas Gerais Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes roquettei
Minas Gerais Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes roquettei
Corrego dos Ovos, 16 km ESE of Pirapora, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
An endangered species restricted to dry woodland of east-central Brail. (S5f)
Minas Gerais Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes roquettei
Corrego dos Ovos, 16 km ESE of Pirapora, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
(S5f)


São Paulo Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes paulista
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes paulista
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
A scarce Atlantic Rainforest endemic found in southeastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, and northeastern Argentina. (S6)


São Paulo Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes paulista
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes paulista
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
This bird was bringing food to an active nest. Little has been published about the nest of this species - click here for some photos and notes about the nest. (S6)



Oustalet's Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes oustaleti
Oustalet's Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes oustaleti
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
An Atlantic Rainforest endemic, usually quite scarce. They follow mixed species flocks, and often can be immediately recognized by their constant tail quivering. (S7)


Serra do Mar Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes difficilis
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet
Phylloscartes difficilis
Pico da Caledônia, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Yet another distinctive Phylloscartes tyrannulet from the Atlantic Rainforest. This one is endemic to Brazil, only occuring in cool, wet forests above around 1500 m. elevation. (S7)


Olive-striped Flycatcher - Mionectes olivaceus
Olive-striped Flycatcher
Mionectes olivaceus hederaceus
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
A mostly frugivorous flycatcher that is fairly common in lower montain forest in Panama, Costa Rica, the northern Andes, and the Santa Marta mountains. (S8)


Ochre-bellied Flycatcher - Mionectes oleagineus
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher
Mionectes oleagineus pacificus
Río Silanche Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A rather widespread but inconspicuous bird of rainforest understory. It can be found all the way from Mexico to SE Brazil. (S8)


Gray-hooded Flycatcher - Mionectes rufiventris
Gray-hooded Flycatcher
Mionectes rufiventris
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
A common resident of the Atlantic Forest. (S7)


Sepia-capped Flycatcher - Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Sepia-capped Flycatcher
Leptopogon amaurocephalus amaurocephalus
Iguazú National Park, Misiones province, Argentina.
A widespread Neotropical rainforest species, found from Mexico to northern Argentina. (S6)


Slaty-capped Flycatcher - Leptopogon superciliaris
Slaty-capped Flycatcher
Leptopogon superciliaris superciliaris
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A common cloudforest species from Costa Rica to Bolivia. They never used to be at Tandayapa when I first birded there in 2000, but they seem to have moved up slope over the last few years and are now pretty common. (S8)


Inca Flycatcher - Leptopogon taczanowskii
Inca Flycatcher
Leptopogon taczanowskii
Villa Rica-Oxapampa road, Pasco department, Peru.
Endemic to the Peruvian Andes. This individual is rather washed out and poorly marked. (S8)


Southern Scrub-Flycatcher - Sublegatus modestus
Southern Scrub-Flycatcher
Sublegatus modestus (ssp?)
Guagua Sumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
The first photo of this species from Ecuador. It was found by Jonas Nilsson on 11 June 2012, and Scott Olmstead and I relocated it three days later and managed to get a few photos. This species is an austral migrant in most of its range, breeding in southern South America and moving north in the austral winter. They regularly reach southern Peru, so this bird was probably an "overshoot". (S7)



Plain Tyrannulet - Inezia inornata
Plain Tyrannulet
Inezia inornata
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
(S6)


Amazonian Tyrannulet - Inezia subflava
Amazonian Tyrannulet
Inezia subflava obscura
Mitú, Vaupés department, Colombia.
A water-lover; it is typically found at the edges of flooded areas or on small, scrubby islands. (S6)


Ornate Flycatcher - Myiotriccus ornatus
Ornate Flycatcher
Myiotriccus ornatus stellatus
La Unión, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A unique tyrannid found in cloudforest throughout the northern Andes. (S7)



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