CARDINALS & ALLIES   -   CARDINALIDAE

Many species now included in this family are tanagers that were transferred from the Thraupidae.


Hepatic Tanager - Piranga flava
Hepatic Tanager
Piranga flava testacea
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
Male. Part of the "Highland Hepatic-Tanager" group which has been suggested should be split, and also sometimes called "Tooth-billed Tanager"; the SACC has not yet received a proposal on the matter. However, they did accept a proposal to transfer several genera to from the Thraupidae to the Cardinalidae, including Piranga, Habia, and Chlorothaupis. (S8)


Hepatic Tanager - Piranga flava
Hepatic Tanager
Piranga flava testacea
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
Female, probably the mate of the bird above since they were frequently together. (S8)


Summer Tanager - Piranga rubra
Summer Tanager
Piranga rubra rubra
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A young male - he's just starting to show some red in the plumage. (S8)


Flame-colored Tanager - Piranga bidentata
Flame-colored Tanager
Piranga bidentata citrea
Lake Fortuna-Gualaca road, Chiriqui province, Panama.
Male. This colorful "tanager" is found from Mexico to Panama, with occasional strays reaching the US. (S8)


White-winged Tanager - Piranga leucoptera
White-winged Tanager
Piranga leucoptera venezuelae
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. Found in montane cloudforest from Mexico to Bolivia. (S7)


Red-headed Tanager - Piranga erythrocephala
Red-headed Tanager
Piranga erythrocephala erythrocephala
Pluma Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Male. (S13)


Red-hooded Tanager - Piranga rubriceps
Red-hooded Tanager
Piranga rubriceps
La Bonita road, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
A rare tanager of highland cloudforest in the northern Andes. (D3)


Red-crowned Ant-Tanager - Habia rubica
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager
Habia rubica vinacea
Canopy Lodge, El Valle de Antón, Coclé province, Panama.
Male. This is a very wide-ranging species, found in humid forest from eastern Mexico to northeastern Argentina. Interestingly, it is not found west of the Andes in South America. Both a male and a female (below) were visiting the fruit feeders at Canopy Lodge. (S8)


Red-crowned Ant-Tanager - Habia rubica
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager
Habia rubica vinacea
Canopy Lodge, El Valle de Antón, Coclé province, Panama.
Female. Presumably the mate of the bird above; they are even using the same perch! (S8)


Red-throated Ant-Tanager - Habia fuscicauda
Red-throated Ant-Tanager
Habia fuscicauda fuscicauda
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
Male. (S8)


Red-throated Ant-Tanager - Habia fuscicauda
Red-throated Ant-Tanager
Habia fuscicauda willisi
Panama Rainforest Discovery Center, Colón province, Panama.
Female. (S8)


Sooty Ant-Tanager - Habia gutturalis
Sooty Ant-Tanager
Habia gutturalis
Bellavista Reserve, Victoria, Caldas, Colombia.
Male. A very distinctive bird endemic to humid forest of north-central Colombia. (S11)


Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager - Habia atrimaxillaris
Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager
Habia atrimaxillaris
Esquinas Lodge, La Gamba, Puntarenas province, Costa Rica.
This bird has a tiny range, endemic to rainforests of southwestern Costa Rica. (S8)


Carmiol's Tanager - Chlorothraupis carmioli
Carmiol's Tanager
Chlorothraupis carmioli lutescens
Nusagandi, Comarca de Guna Yala, Panama.
A plain "tanager" found locally in foothill rainforest from Central America to the Amazon basin. Amazonian birds may eventually be split as a separate species. (S8)


Lemon-spectacled Tanager - Chlorothraupis olivacea
Lemon-spectacled Tanager
Chlorothraupis olivacea
Parque Nacional Natural La Ensenada de Utría, Chocó department, Colombia.
This species is restricted to mature lowland rainforest from eastern Panama to northwestern Ecuador. (S8)


Lemon-spectacled Tanager - Chlorothraupis olivacea
Lemon-spectacled Tanager
Chlorothraupis olivacea
Parque Nacional Natural La Ensenada de Utría, Chocó department, Colombia.
Another shot of what may be the same bird as above, or perhaps its mate. (S8)


Ochre-breasted Tanager - Chlorothraupis stolzmanni
Ochre-breasted Tanager
Chlorothraupis stolzmanni stolzmanni
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
This dull tanager has a huge mouth and often sings loudly and monotonously for the first few hours of the morning. You can listen to its song here. It's a Chocó endemic restricted to foothill rainforest from SW Colombia to SW Ecuador. (S8)


Black-faced Grosbeak - Caryothraustes poliogaster
Black-faced Grosbeak
Caryothraustes poliogaster scapularis
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
A distinctive Middle American species occuring in rainforest from Colombia to western Panama. (S8)


Yellow-green Grosbeak - Caryothraustes canadensis
Yellow-green Grosbeak
Caryothraustes canadensis brasiliensis
Reserva Ecologica de Guapiassu, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
The southern replacement of the previous species, occuring rather locally in rainforest in extreme eastern Panama and tropical South America. It's in a remarkeably similar pose, also eating fruit. (S8)


Vermilion Cardinal - Cardinalis phoeniceus
Vermilion Cardinal
Cardinalis phoeniceus
Los Flamencos, La Guajira, Colombia.
Male. A very similar species to Northern Cardinal C. cardinalis, differing mainly in bill color. It is resticted to deserts in northern Colombia and northern Venezuela. (S11)


Northern Cardinal - Cardinalis cardinalis
Northern Cardinal
Cardinalis cardinalis carneus
Zipolite, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Male. With it's elongated crest, this subspecies, endemic to southern Mexico, is sometimes considered a separate species, Long-crested Cardinal. (S5)


Golden-bellied Grosbeak - Pheucticus chrysogaster
Golden-bellied Grosbeak
Pheucticus chrysogaster chrysogaster
Nono, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. A gorgeous bird, locally common at fairly high elevations in the Andes, south to Peru. (S5)


Golden-bellied Grosbeak - Pheucticus chrysogaster
Golden-bellied Grosbeak
Pheucticus chrysogaster chrysogaster
Chaparri Reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
Female. (S6)


Black-backed Grosbeak - Pheucticus aureoventris
Black-backed Grosbeak
Pheucticus aureoventris crissalis
Lasso, Cotopaxi province, Ecuador.
Male. A rather widespread Andean species, but this race is is the only one to have a yellow throat; it is restricted to Ecuador and Colombia. (S8)


Black-backed Grosbeak - Pheucticus aureoventris
Black-backed Grosbeak
Pheucticus aureoventris crissalis
Lasso, Cotopaxi province, Ecuador.
Female. (S8)


Black-backed Grosbeak - Pheucticus aureoventris
Black-backed Grosbeak
Pheucticus aureoventris aureoventris
Yala, Jujuy province, Argentina
Males of most races, like this one, have full black hoods. (S6)


Red-breasted Chat - Granatellus venustus
Red-breasted Chat
Granatellus venustus venustus
Zipolite, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Male. Endemic to Mexico. Granatellus was also transferred to the Cardinalidae after the SACC accepted this proposal in 2008. (S5)


Blue Seedeater - Amaurospiza concolor
Blue Seedeater
Amaurospiza concolor aequatorialis
Tandayapa Valley, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. A very scarce species found locally from southern Mexico to Peru. It seems to have a close association with bamboo. (S8)


Glaucous-blue Grosbeak - Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea
Glaucous-blue Grosbeak
Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea
Iguaçu National Park, Parana state, Brazil.
Juvenile male, in the process of molting into adult plumage. It has a smaller beak than other similar "blue" grosbeaks, and even placed in a monotypic genus. It's found in southern Brazil, northeastern Argentina, and Uruguay. (S6)


Blue-black Grosbeak - Cyanocompsa cyanoides
Blue-black Grosbeak
Cyanocompsa cyanoides concreta
Las Guacamayas, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Male. (S5)


Ultramarine Grosbeak - Cyanocompsa brissonii
Ultramarine Grosbeak
Cyanocompsa brissonii brissonii
Chapada de Diamantina, Bahia state, Brazil.
Male. (D3)


Ultramarine Grosbeak - Cyanocompsa brissonii
Ultramarine Grosbeak
Cyanocompsa brissonii argentina
Palomitas, Salta province, Argentina.
Male. (D3)


Ultramarine Grosbeak - Cyanocompsa brissonii
Ultramarine Grosbeak
Cyanocompsa brissonii brissonii
Canudos, Bahia state, Brazil.
Female. (S6)


Rose-bellied Bunting - Passerina rositae
Rose-bellied Bunting
Passerina rositae
Foothills north of Arriaga, Chiapas, Mexico.
Male. This beautiful and uniquely-colored bird is endemic to a small area of southern Mexico in Oaxaca and Chiapas. Howell & Webb (1994) called it Rosita's Bunting. (S13)


Rose-bellied Bunting - Passerina rositae
Rose-bellied Bunting
Passerina rositae
Foothills north of Arriaga, Chiapas, Mexico.
Male. (S13)


Rose-bellied Bunting - Passerina rositae
Rose-bellied Bunting
Passerina rositae
Foothills north of Arriaga, Chiapas, Mexico.
Female. (S13)


Rose-bellied Bunting - Passerina rositae
Rose-bellied Bunting
Passerina rositae
Foothills north of Arriaga, Chiapas, Mexico.
Immature male. (S13)


Orange-breasted Bunting - Passerina leclancherii
Orange-breasted Bunting
Passerina leclancherii grandior
Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Male. An amazingly colorful bird that is so bright that it almost seems to glow. It is also endemic to Mexico - one of many reason to visit! (S13)


Orange-breasted Bunting - Passerina leclancherii
Orange-breasted Bunting
Passerina leclancherii grandior
Zipolite, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Male. (S5)


Dickcissel - Spiza americana
Dickcissel
Spiza americana
20km south of Calabozo, Guárico state, Venezuela.
Male. One on its wintering grounds in the Llanos of Venezuela, where they congregate in immense flocks. (D3)











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