RAILS, GALLINULES, AND COOTS   -   RALLIDAE


Bogota Rail - Rallus semiplumbeus
Bogota Rail
Rallus semiplumbeus
Parque La Florida, Bogotá, Colombia.
Probably endemic to the highlands of Colombia, but there is one old specimen from Peru that is quite a mystery. (D3)


Virginia Rail - Rallus limicola
Virginia (Ecuadorian) Rail
Rallus limicola aequatorialis
Laguna de San Pablo, Otavalo, Imbabura province, Ecuador.
This population is found around high Andean lakes from Colombia to Ecuador, and locally in coastal Peru. Its disjunct range has caused some authorities to split it as Ecuadorian Rail R. aequatorialis, though this not widely accepted due to similarities in plumage and voice. (S7)


Giant Wood-Rail - Aramides ypecaha
Giant Wood-Rail
Aramides ypecaha
Quinta, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil.
(D4)


Brown Wood-Rail - Aramides wolfi
Brown Wood-Rail
Aramides wolfi
Road to Rio Silanche Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Despite a very concerted effort and an extraordinarily cooperative bird, this was the best photo I could manage. Still, it is one of very few that exist of this very shy species. This rare bird is found in swampy lowland forest in western Colombia and northwestern Ecuador. (S8)


Gray-necked Wood-Rail - Aramides cajanea
Gray-cowled Wood-Rail
Aramides cajaneus cajaneus 
Amazonia Lodge, Madre de Dios department, Peru.
Unlike most rails, this is one that you can expect to find out in the open on a fairly regular basis. (S8)


Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail - Aramides saracura
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail
Aramides saracura
Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden, Brazil.
A common bird in the Atlantic Rainforest region, often walking boldly out in the open and even running across busy roads. (S6)


Rufous-sided Crake - Laterallus melanophaius
Rufous-sided Crake
Laterallus melanophaius melanophaius
Reserva Ecologica de Guapi Assu, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
One of the more common crakes in South America, but they rarely come out in the open like this. It was a bit too far for my 400mm lens though. (S6)


Gray-breasted Crake - Laterallus exilis
Gray-breasted Crake
Laterallus exilis
Fazenda Pedra D'Anta, Pernambuco state, Brazil.
A widespread Neotropical species, but always very shy and hard to see. (S6)


Red-and-white Crake - Laterallus leucopyrrhus
Red-and-white Crake
Laterallus leucopyrrhus
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
I was shocked to see this normally shy bird running around in the open. I later found out that some of the local guides at the park were putting out corn for it. A rail feeder! I wish there were more of those around. (S8)


Blackish Rail - Pardirallus nigricans
Blackish Rail
Pardirallus nigricans nigricans
Algulhas Negras road, Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
An adult and juvenile together. (S5)


Plumbeous Rail - Pardirallus sanguinolentus
Plumbeous Rail
Pardirallus sanguinolentus sanguinolentus
El Cóndor, Pampa de Achala, Córdoba province, Argentina.
Foraging in a little rain puddle on the side of the road. It's very similar to the Blackish Rail P. nigricans above, but has those bright splashes of color at the base of its bill. (S5)


Common Gallinule - Gallinula galeata
Common Gallinule
Gallinula galeata pauxilla
Laguna Yahuarcocha, Imbabura province, Ecuador
Juvenile on left, adult on right. (S8)


Purple Gallinule - Porphyrio martinicus
Purple Gallinule
Porphyrio martinicus
Gamboa, Colón province, Panama.
(S8)


Purple Gallinule - Porphyrio martinicus
Purple Gallinule
Porphyrio martinicus
Gamboa, Colón province, Panama.
Juvenile. (S8)


Purple Gallinule - Porphyrio martinica
Purple Gallinule
Porphyrio martinica
Fazenda Pedra D'Anta, Pernambuco state, Brazil.
This bold gallinule took advantage of a sorghum plant growing at the edge of its marsh. It fed on it repeatedly over the several days I was there. (S6)


Spot-flanked Gallinule - Porphyriops melanops
Spot-flanked Gallinule
Porphyriops melanops bogotensis
Parque La Florida, Bogotá, Colombia.
A neat-looking gallinule; it is found mainly in eastern and southern South America, but there is isolated population in the eastern Andes of Colombia. (S11)


Red-gartered Coot - Fulica armillata
Red-gartered Coot
Fulica armillata
Trelew, Chubut province, Argentina.
(S6)


Red-gartered Coot - Fulica armillata
Red-gartered Coot
Fulica armillata
Trelew, Chubut province, Argentina.
One of several species of small coot that lives in freshwater in southern South America; they differ in coloration of bill and frontal shield. (S6)


Red-fronted Coot - Fulica rufifrons
Red-fronted Coot
Fulica rufifrons
Trelew, Chubut province, Argentina.
Another of the small coots of southern South America. (S6)


Red-fronted Coot - Fulica rufifrons
Red-fronted Coot
Fulica rufifrons
Trelew, Chubut province, Argentina.
(S6)


Giant Coot - Fulica gigantea
Giant Coot
Fulica gigantea
Lauca National Park, Region I, Chile.
A well-named bird, this coot is truly huge; it can be more than 60 cm long. Here's an adult standing on its nest, a massive mound of vegetation. (S5)


Giant Coot - Fulica gigantea
Giant Coot
Fulica gigantea
Lauca National Park, Region I, Chile.
An adult feeding a recently fledged young. (S5)


Slate-colored Coot - Fulica ardesiaca
Slate-colored Coot
Fulica ardesiaca
Huancar Lake, Abra Pampa, Jujuy province, Argentina.
Also called Andean Coot. It is found primarily in high Andean lakes from Ecuador south, but can locally occur down to sea level. There is a lot of variation in the color of the frontal shield, as the next photos show. (S6)


Slate-colored Coot - Fulica ardesiaca
Slate-colored Coot
Fulica ardesiaca
Lagua Yahuarcocha, Imbabura province, Ecuador.
Another shot of a red-knobbed bird. (S8)


Slate-colored Coot - Fulica ardesiaca
Slate-colored Coot
Fulica ardesiaca
Lagua Yahuarcocha, Imbabura province, Ecuador.
Many of the birds in northern Ecuador have yellow frontal shields... (S8)


Slate-colored Coot - Fulica ardesiaca
Slate-colored Coot
Fulica ardesiaca
Lagua Yahuarcocha, Imbabura province, Ecuador.
... and a few have white frontal shields. (S8)


Slate-colored Coot - Fulica ardesiaca
Slate-colored Coot
Fulica ardesiaca
Lagua Yahuarcocha, Imbabura province, Ecuador.
Juvenile. (S8)


American Coot - Fulica americana
American Coot
Fulica americana columbiana
Parque La Florida, Bogotá, Colombia.
A very localized bird in South America, now only found in central Colombia. It used to be in northern Ecuador, but no longer occurs for unknown reasons. (S11)


Caribbean Coot - Fulica caribaea
American Coot
Fulica americana americana
Yacambú NP, Lara state, Venezuela.
This was formerly considered a distinct species, Caribbean Coot F. caribaea, but that taxon is no longer considered valid. They are now included with the nominate ssp. of American Coot. Probably an immature as it lacks any red on the frontal shield.  (D3)


White-winged Coot - Fulica leucoptera
White-winged Coot
Fulica leucoptera
Punta Delgada, Region XII, Chile.
Another of the small coots of southern South America. (S5)


White-winged Coot - Fulica leucoptera
White-winged Coot
Fulica leucoptera
Trelew, Chubut province, Argentina.
(S6)



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