PUFFBIRDS   -   BUCCONIDAE


White-necked Puffbird - Notharchus hyperrhynchus
White-necked Puffbird
Notharchus hyperrhynchus hyperrhynchus
Rio Mono bridge near Lago Bayano, Panama province, Panama.
Widespread in lowland rainforest; found from southern Mexico to Amazonian Brazil and Bolivia. (S8)


Buff-bellied Puffbird - Notharchus swainsoni
Buff-bellied Puffbird
Notharchus swainsoni
Angelim Rainforest, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Split from White-necked Puffbird, N. hyperrhynchus. Comparing the two photos, they don't look very similar. (D3)


Black-breasted Puffbird - Notharchus pectoralis
Black-breasted Puffbird
Notharchus pectoralis
Panama Rainforest Discovery Center, Colón province, Panama.
This bird came in very close to the top of the tower, allowing for amazing views and photos. (S8)


Brown-banded Puffbird - Notharchus ordii
Brown-banded Puffbird
Notharchus ordii
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
A rare and local puffbird, found in scattered locations in the Amazon. Cristalino seems to be one of the most reliable spots to see it. (S11)


Brown-banded Puffbird - Notharchus ordii
Brown-banded Puffbird
Notharchus ordii
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
(S8)


Pied Puffbird - Notharchus tectus
Pied Puffbird
Notharchus tectus subtectus
Parque Nacional Natural La Ensenada de Utría, Chocó department, Colombia.
The smallest of the Notharchus, distinguished by its spotted crown, narrow white eyebrow, and white wing patch. This bird was in a mangrove forest. HBW online splits this species; see below; the bird in this photo would be then called Lesser Pied Puffbird N. subtectus. (S8)


Pied Puffbird - Notharchus tectus
Pied Puffbird
Notharchus tectus picatus
Pousada Jardim da Amazônia, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
HBW online splits birds on either side of the Andes; under that treatment, this one would retain the name N. tectus and be called Greater Pied Puffbird. Comparing this bird to the one in the previous photo, it has a slightly wider breast band, more heavily-marked crown, and perhaps a shorter tail. In my opinion, these differences are quite slight, and vocal differences are rather minor. I would not choose to split them. (S8)


Chestnut-capped Puffbird - Bucco macrodactylus
Chestnut-capped Puffbird
Bucco macrodactylus macrodactylus
Shaime, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
One of my favorites, we saw this beautful bird at an Orange-throated Tanager stakeout outside a Shuar village. It was at nearly 1000 m elevation. (D3)


Spotted Puffbird - Bucco tamatia
Spotted Puffbird
Bucco tamatia tamatia
Annai, Guyana.
This bird is extremely rare and local through much of its range, but in Guyana it is surprisingly common. It even occurs in rather dry forest here. This is the nominate subspecies, which has extensive scaling below, not spotting. (D3)


Spotted Puffbird - Bucco tamatia
Spotted Puffbird
Bucco tamatia pulmentum
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
The dark spotting and white belly give this subspecies a very different look. (S6)


Collared Puffbird - Bucco capensis
Collared Puffbird
Bucco capensis dugandi
Manu Wildlife Center, Madre de Dios department, Peru.
A classic neotropical bird. It can be rather common, but often overlooked as it is inconspicuous and doesn't vocalize much. Oscar Tapuy, one of the top guides in the Ecuadorian Amazon, once told me this was his favorite bird. (D2)


Barred Puffbird - Nystalus radiatus
Barred Puffbird
Nystalus radiatus
Pacto-Guayllabillas road, Pichincha province, Ecuador
Found in lowland and foothill forests from Panama to Ecuador. (S5)


Striolated Puffbird - Nystalus striolatus
Western Striolated-Puffbird
Nystalus obamai
Chito, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
They occur higher in Ecuador (where I have only seen them from about 800m-1400m elevation) than in most other parts of their range. Two species of Striolated Puffbird are now recognized (see SACC 679), though in my opinion the evidence is very borderline. (S6)


White-eared Puffbird - Nystalus chacuru
White-eared Puffbird
Nystalus chacuru chacuru
São José do Barreiro, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
One of the few species of puffbird that doesn't live in forest. This bird had an active nest in an earthen bank right next to the road, in an area of cerrado with just a few scattered trees. (S11)


Spot-backed Puffbird - Nystalus maculatus
Spot-backed Puffbird
Nystalus maculatus maculatus
Canudos-Jeremoaba road, Bahia state, Brazil.
An evil-looking puffbird inhabiting dry forests from Peru to Argentina. This is the nominate subspecies from Brazil, which is usually called Caatinga Puffbird when split. (S6)


Spot-backed Puffbird - Nystalus maculatus
Spot-backed Puffbird
Nystalus maculatus striatipectus
Near Palomitas, Salta province, Argentina.
This subspecies is streaked underneath instead of spotted. It is found mainly in the chaco region, leading to the english name Chaco Puffbird when the two are considered separate species. (D3)


Russet-throated Puffbird - Hypnelus ruficollis
Russet-throated Puffbird
Hypnelus ruficollis striaticollis(?)
20km south of Coro, Falcón state.
A species restricted to Colombia and Venezuela, and it is geographically variable. This bird seems intermediate between the two-banded forms to the east and the single-banded forms to the west (compare with the next shot). Perhaps a hybrid? (D3)


Russet-throated Puffbird - Hypnelus ruficollis
Russet-throated Puffbird
Hypnelus ruficollis decolor
Caricari, La Guajira department, Colombia.
This subspecies is part of the single-banded "ruficollis group". (S6)


White-chested Puffbird - Malacoptila fusca
White-chested Puffbird
Malacoptila fusca fusca
Sacha Lodge, Orellana province, Ecuador.
This bird flew into the trail in front of us and caught this huge cicada. It proceeded to beat it against the ground for five minutes before flying away into the forest with it, so we never knew if it ever managed to eat that thing. (D3)


Crescent-chested Puffbird - Malacoptila striata
Crescent-chested Puffbird
Malacoptila striata striata
Reserva Ecologica de Guapi Assu, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
A striking Atlantic Rainforest endemic; it seems to be more common at this site than anywhere else I know. I photographed this one right next to the lodge. (D2)


Rufous-necked Puffbird - Malacoptila rufa
Rufous-necked Puffbird
Malacoptila rufa brunnescens
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
A quiet understory puffbird of Amazonian rainforest. I don't think it's particularly rare, but easy to miss, since it vocalizes infrequently. (S8)


White-whiskered Puffbird - Malacoptila panamensis
White-whiskered Puffbird
Malacoptila panamensis panamensis
Tortí, Panama province, Panama.
Male. A common inhabitant of lowland rainforests from Mexico to western Ecuador. (S8)


White-whiskered Puffbird - Malacoptila panamensis
White-whiskered Puffbird
Malacoptila panamensis panamensis
Plantation Road, Soberania National Park, Panama province, Panama.
Female. (S8)


Black-streaked Puffbird - Malacoptila fulvogularis
Black-streaked Puffbird
Malacoptila fulvogularis fulvogularis
Road to Pacto Sumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
A specialty of foothill and subtropical cloudforests on the eastern slopes of the Andes. (D2)


Moustached Puffbird - Malacoptila mystacalis
Moustached Puffbird
Malacoptila mystacalis
Líbano, Tolima, Colombia.
A puffbird found from the Andes of Colombia east through the coastal mountains of Venezuela. (S5)


Rusty-breasted Nunlet - Nonnula rubecula
Rusty-breasted Nunlet
Nonnula rubecula rubecula
Parque Estadual Intervales, São Paulo state, Brazil.
A fairly widespread bird in the Amazon and the SE Brazil region, but very rarely encountered. (D6)


Brown Nunlet - Nonnula brunnea
Brown Nunlet
Nonnula brunnea
Yasuní Research Station, Orellana province, Ecuador.
This cute puffbird is only found in the extreme western part of the Amazon in Ecuador, Peru, and Colombia. (S6)


Lanceolated Monklet - Micromonacha lanceolata
Lanceolated Monklet
Micromonacha lanceolata
Yasuní Research Station, Orellana province, Ecuador.
This bird had a nest burrowed into an earthen bank just off the side of a dirt road at the entrance to the research station. It did not take the food into the nest while present. Photo taken 21 August 2010. (S6f)


Lanceolated Monklet - Micromonacha lanceolata
Lanceolated Monklet
Micromonacha lanceolata
Sacha Lodge, Orellana province, Ecuador.
It is widespread, but I encounter it very infrequently. (D3)


White-faced Nunbird - Hapaloptila castanea
White-faced Nunbird
Hapaloptila castanea
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Always one of my favorites. The Tandayapa area is by far the most reliable place in the world to see this rare species. (D3)


White-faced Nunbird - Hapaloptila castanea
White-faced Nunbird
Hapaloptila castanea
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
I spend weeks studying the first nest back in 2000, and the results were published in Cotinga 22. This photo was also published in Volume 7 of Handbook of Birds of the World. (S1)


Black Nunbird - Monasa atra
Black Nunbird
Monasa atra
Imitaca Forest (Rio Grande), Bolívar state, Venezuela.
I don't know how it managed to swallow that, but it did. (D3)


Black-fronted Nunbird - Monasa nigrifrons
Black-fronted Nunbird
Monasa nigrifrons nigrifrons
Anavilhanas archipelago, Amazonas state, Brazil.
This bird was probably in the process of building a nest, check out the dirt on its claws and beak. (D3)


White-fronted Nunbird - Monasa morphoeus
White-fronted Nunbird
Monasa morphoeus peruana
Yasuní Research Station, Orellana province, Ecuador.
In the Amazon, these birds are flock leaders. Their rollicking songs are often a harbinger of in incoming mixed flock. (S6)


White-fronted Nunbird - Monasa morphoeus
White-fronted Nunbird
Monasa morphoeus peruana
Sani Lodge, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
(S8)


White-fronted Nunbird - Monasa morphoeus
White-fronted Nunbird
Monasa morphoeus pallescens
San Francisco Nature Reserve, Tortí, Panama province, Panama.
A fairly distinctive subspecies found in eastern Panama and western Panama. It lacks white on the chin and has slighly pale wings. (S8)


Yellow-billed Nunbird - Monasa flavirostris
Yellow-billed Nunbird
Monasa flavirostris
Sani Lodge, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
Restricted to the western and southwestern Amazon. (S11)


Swallow-winged Puffbird - Chelidoptera tenebrosa
Swallow-winged Puffbird
Chelidoptera tenebrosa tenebrosa
Mitú, Vaupés department, Colombia.
A widespread species in tropical rainforest in South America east of the Andes. It is most common along rivers, but can still often found away from them. (S6)


Swallow-winged Puffbird - Chelidoptera tenebrosa
Swallow-winged Puffbird
Chelidoptera tenebrosa brasiliensis
Estação Veracruz, Porto Seguro, Bahia state, Brazil.
This is the subspecies endemic to the Atlantic Forest, differing in the coloration of the underparts. (D3)



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