PIGEONS AND DOVES   -   COLUMBIDAE


Common Ground-Dove - Columbina passerina
Common Ground-Dove
Columbina passerina quitensis
Calacalí, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A back view, so the speckling on the breast is not visible. (S7)


Plain-breasted Ground-Dove - Columbina minuta
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove
Columbina minuta minuta
Mitú, Vaupés department, Colombia.
Can often be hard to distinguish from females of the next species. The best way is the chestnut patch in the flight feathers, which is not visible in this photos, since that feature normally is only obvious in flight. (S6)


Ruddy Ground-Dove - Columbina talpacoti
Ruddy Ground-Dove
Columbina talpacoti talpacoti
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
An an ununusual dry season downpour filled up some puddles in the lodge driveway, and a number of species came in to drink. (S8)


Ruddy Ground-Dove - Columbina talpacoti
Ruddy Ground-Dove
Columbina talpacoti rufipennis
La Mesa, Coclé province, Panama.
(S8)


Ecuadorian Ground-Dove - Columbina buckleyi
Ecuadorian Ground-Dove
Columbina buckleyi
Río Ayampe, Manabí province, Ecuador.
Male. A species closely related to Ruddy Ground-Dove C. talpacoti, replacing it west of the Andes in Ecuador and adjacents parts of Peru and Colombia. (S8)


Ecuadorian Ground-Dove - Columbina buckleyi
Ecuadorian Ground-Dove
Columbina buckleyi
Finca Exito I, c. 20 km north of Puerto Quito, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Female. (S5)


Scaled Dove - Columbina squammata
Scaled Dove
Columbina squammata squammata
Disjunct range in northern and eastern South America. North American birders may notice the similarity of this species to Inca Dove (C. inca; below). Scaled Dove is more boldly marked and has a lot of white in the wing. Their songs are different, with Scaled Dove having a three note song and Inca Dove only two notes. (D2)


Inca Dove - Columbina inca
Inca Dove
Columbina inca
Monte Albán, Oaxaca, Mexico
A common species ranging from the southwestern US to NW Costa Rica. (S13)


Picui Ground-Dove - Columbina picui
Picui Ground-Dove
Columbina picui strepitans
Jeremoaba-Canudos road, Bahia state, Brazil.
Picuí is a small city in NE Brazil, in the state of Paraíba. I suspect that's where this bird got it's name. (D3)


Picui Ground-Dove - Columbina picui
Picui Ground-Dove
Columbina picui picui
Porto Jofre, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
(S8)


Croaking Ground-Dove - Columbina cruziana
Croaking Ground-Dove
Columbina cruziana
Chaparrí reserve, Lambayeque deaprtment, Peru.
A characteristic bird of arid areas from Ecuador to northern Chile. Easily recognizable by the bright yellow spot at the base of its beak, and by the bizarre call that gives it its name. (S6)


Blue Ground-Dove - Claravis pretiosa
Blue Ground-Dove
Claravis pretiosa
Río Ayampe, Manabí province, Ecuador.
Male. (S8)


Blue Ground-Dove - Claravis pretiosa
Blue Ground-Dove
Claravis pretiosa
El Valle, Chocó department, Colombia.
Male on left, female on right. A very distant shot, but it was nice having the pair together. (S8)


Bare-faced Ground-Dove - Metriopelia ceciliae
Bare-faced Ground-Dove
Metriopelia ceciliae zimmeri
Putre, Region I, Chile.
Another ground-dove restricted to arid regions. This one is found from northern Peru south to northern Chile and Argentina. (S5)


Bare-eyed Ground-Dove - Metriopelia morenoi
Bare-eyed Ground-Dove
Metriopelia morenoi
Los Cardones NP, Salta province, Argentina.
This ground-dove is endemic to the Argentinean Andes. It replaces the Bare-face Ground-Dove M. ceciliae (above) farther south. It is similar, but lacks that species' mottling on the wings. (S8)


Bare-eyed Ground-Dove - Metriopelia morenoi
Bare-eyed Ground-Dove
Metriopelia morenoi
Los Cardones NP, Salta province, Argentina.
(S5)


Black-winged Ground-Dove - Metriopelia melanoptera
Black-winged Ground-Dove
Metriopelia melanoptera melanoptera
La Cuesta del Obispo, Salta province, Argentina.
A ground-dove only found in páramo and puna at high elevations in the Andes. It has a white patch on the underwing lining that is more conspicuous in flight, but the first two photos show it well. (S5)


Black-winged Ground-Dove - Metriopelia melanoptera
Black-winged Ground-Dove
Metriopelia melanoptera melanoptera
El Infiernillo, Tucumán province, Argentina.
(S8)


Black-winged Ground-Dove - Metriopelia melanoptera
Black-winged Ground-Dove
Metriopelia melanoptera saturiator
Antisana reserve, Napo province, Ecuador.
A different subspecies found in the páramo of Colombia and Ecuador. It's browner overall. (S3)


Golden-spotted Ground-Dove - Metriopelia aymara
Golden-spotted Ground-Dove
Metriopelia aymara
Abra Pampa, Jujuy province, Argentina.
The golden spots can be hard to see at a distance or in poor light. This high Andean dove is found from central Peru south to northwestern Argentina and northern Chile. (S8)


Long-tailed Ground-Dove - Uropelia campestris
Long-tailed Ground-Dove
Uropelia campestris
Caiman Lodge, Mato Grosso de Sul state, Brazil.
A distinctive ground-dove primarily occurring in central Brazil. It is the only member of the genus Uropelia. (D3)


Pale-vented Pigeon - Patagioenas cayennensis
Pale-vented Pigeon
Patagioenas cayennensis andersoni
Sani Lodge, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador.
(S8)


White-crowned Pigeon - Patagioenas leucocephala
White-crowned Pigeon
Patagioenas leucocephala
Tranquilo Bay Lodge, Bocas del Toro province, Panama.
Found mainly on islands in the Caribbean. Here it is near the southern limit of its range. (S8)


Scaled Pigeon - Patagioenas speciosa
Scaled Pigeon
Patagioenas speciosa
Jardim da Amazônia Lodge, São José do Rio Claro, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
The prettiest pigeon in the Americas. It's quite widespread, found from Mexico to Argentina, yet no subspecies are recognized. (S7)


Picazuro Pigeon - Patagioenas picazuro
Picazuro Pigeon
Patagioenas picazuro picazuro
Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
The most common and widespread pigeon in eastern South America. The name comes from the Güaraní indigenous language. It apparently translates as "sour pigeon", referring to their flavor (Jobling 1991). (S6)


Spot-winged Pigeon - Patagioenas maculosa
Spot-winged Pigeon
Patagioenas maculosa albipennis
Yavi, Jujuy province, Argentina.
(S6)


Peruvian Pigeon - Patagioenas oenops
Peruvian Pigeon
Patagioenas oenops
Bridge over the Río Marañon on the border of the departments of Cajamarca and Amazonas, near Balsas, Peru.
A rare and threatened pigeon found only in mid-elevation areas of the Marañon drainage. It's almost endemic to Peru, but barely gets into extreme southern Ecuador. (D2)


Plumbeous Pigeon - Patagioenas plumbea
Plumbeous Pigeon
Patagioenas plumbea chapmani
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
It can sometimes be difficult to tell apart from Ruddy Pigeon (P. subvinacea) (below) in poor light. As far as I know, Ruddy Pigeon never has a pale iris, which can be good clue, but not all Plumbeous Pigeons show an obvious pale iris. (S7)


Ruddy Pigeon - Patagioenas subvinacea
Ruddy Pigeon
Patagioenas subvinacea
La Unión, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
One of the most common forest pigeons in tropical South America. In many areas it occurs together with the previous species. (S7)


Short-billed Pigeon - Patagioenas nigrirostris
Short-billed Pigeon
Patagioenas nigrirostris
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
The common pigeon in humid rainforest in Central America. The one on the right looks to be a juvenile. It is very similar to the previous species, but they do not occur together except for the Darién area, and they have different songs. (D3)


Dusky Pigeon - Patagioenas goodsoni
Dusky Pigeon
Patagioenas goodsoni
La Unión, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
Found in lowland and low foothill rainforest in W Colombia and NW Ecuador. (S7)


West Peruvian Dove - Zenaida meloda
West Peruvian Dove
Zenaida meloda
Chaparrí Reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
A well-named species, though it also reaches into southwestern Ecuador and nothern Chile. It occurs in rather astounding numbers in Lima. (S6)


Galapagos Dove - Zenaida galapagoensis
Galapagos Dove
Zenaida galapagoensis galapagoensis
Española Island, Galapagos, Ecuador.
The only member of the family found on the archipelago - also one of the most distinctive of the Neotropics. (S5)


Eared Dove - Zenaida auriculata
Eared Dove
Zenaida auriculata virgata
Costanera Sur ecological reserve, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
One of the most common and widespread doves in South America. In some parts of Argentina it is the most abundant bird and a crop pest. (S5)


White-tipped Dove - Leptotila verreauxi
White-tipped Dove
Leptotila verreauxi decolor
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Foraging in the compost pile near the lodge. (S5f)


White-tipped Dove - Leptotila verreauxi
White-tipped Dove
Leptotila verreauxi decipiens
Pantanal Wildlife Center, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Lodge staff put out seed, so they are all over the place here, totally unafraid. (S6)


White-tipped Dove - Leptotila verreauxi
White-tipped Dove
Leptotila verreauxi riottei
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
This subspecies, as well as the one in the photo below, show much more blue around the eye. Riottei is sometimes included with verreauxi. (S6)


White-tipped Dove - Leptotila verreauxi
White-tipped Dove
Leptotila verreauxi verreauxi
Hotel Minca, Minca, Magdalena, Colombia
(S11)


Pallid Dove - Leptotila pallida
Pallid Dove
Leptotila pallida
Río Palenque Science Station, Los Ríos province, Ecuador.
A shy rainforest dove of W Colombia to W Ecuador (with 1 record from NW Peru). Compared to White-tipped Dove (above), it is paler below, browner on the back, with a cinnamon tail. (S8)


Gray-fronted Dove - Leptotila rufaxilla
Gray-fronted Dove
Leptotila rufaxilla dubusi
Sani Lodge, Sucumbiós province, Ecuador.
(S8)


Gray-chested Dove - Leptotila cassinii
Gray-chested Dove
Leptotila cassinii cassinii
Trail between El Valle and Parque Nacional Utría, Chocó department, Colombia.
This shy dove is found in lowland and foothill rainforests from Guatemala to Colombia. (S8)


Chiriqui Quail-Dove - Zentrygon chiriquensis
Chiriqui Quail-Dove
Zentrygon chiriquensis
Arenal Observatory Lodge, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
This scarce and shy species, restricted to cloudforests of Costa Rica and western Panama, came in to feed on the lawn in front of the lodge one morning; a lifer for me. (S6)


Buff-fronted Quail-Dove - Zentrygon costaricensis
Buff-fronted Quail-Dove
Zentrygon costaricensis
Catarata del Toro, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
I was rather amazed to find this bird wandering around in the grounds! It is shy and rather scarce montane forests in Costa Rica and Panama. (S8)


White-throated Quail-Dove - Zentrygon frenata
White-throated Quail-Dove
Zentrygon frenata bourcieri
Mirador Rio Blanco, San Miguel de Los Bancos, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
I think it's a young bird from the faint barring. It was visiting a fruit feeder. (S8)


White-throated Quail-Dove - Zentrygon frenata
White-throated Quail-Dove
Zentrygon frenata bourcieri
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A pair of these birds visits a compost pile next to a hide almost daily. (S5)



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