PARROTS AND MACAWS   -   PSITTACIDAE   -   PART II

Parrotlets, parakeets, and parrots


Green-rumped Parrotlet - Forpus passerinus
Green-rumped Parrotlet
Forpus passerinus cyanophanes
Los Flamencos, La Guajira, Colombia.
Male.
This bird was feeding in a small fruiting tree and allowed us to get quite close. This species is found in northern South America. (S13)


Green-rumped Parrotlet - Forpus passerinus
Green-rumped Parrotlet
Forpus passerinus passerinus
Rio Barragan, Barinas state, Venezuela.
Female, with no blue in the wings.
(D3)


Blue-winged Parrotlet - Forpus xanthopterygius
Blue-winged Parrotlet
Forpus xanthopterygius vividus
Sumidouro, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazill.
(S6)


Pacific Parrotlet - Forpus coelestis
Pacific Parrotlet
Forpus coelestis
Just outside the city of Piura, Piura province, Peru.
Male; the female presumably is the tail sticking up from the botton. This pair was nesting in the hollow ends of these bamboo poles that were being used as the frame of a hut. (D1)


Dusky-billed Parrotlet - Forpus modestus
Dusky-billed Parrotlet
Forpus modestus sclateri
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
These tiny sparrow-sized parrots were coming down to a clay lick on the bank of the river near the lodge. (S6)


Spectacled Parrotlet - Forpus conspicillatus
Spectacled Parrotlet
Forpus conspicillatus conspicillatus
Puerto Boyacá-Puerto Pinzón road, Santander department, Colombia.
Male. This parrotlet is named for the little blue patch over the eye. It is found mainly in Colombia. (S5)


Yellow-faced Parrotlet - Forpus xanthops
Yellow-faced Parrotlet
Forpus xanthops
Marañon Canyon near Balsas, Cajamarca, Peru.
The rarest of the genus, and the only one to be considered threatened. It occurs only arid parts of the Marañon Canyon in N Peru (BirdLife). This bird was feeding on cactus flowers. (D2)


Yellow-faced Parrotlet - Forpus xanthops
Yellow-faced Parrotlet
Forpus xanthops
Marañon Canyon above Balsas, Cajamarca, Peru.
(S11)


Yellow-chevroned Parakeet - Brotogeris chiriri
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet
Brotogeris chiriri chiriri
Jaguar Ecological Reserve, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
(S5)


Plain Parakeet - Brotogeris tirica
Plain Parakeet
Brotogeris tirica
Itororó Lodge, Varginha, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Endemic to E and S Brazil. This bird was visiting the fruit feeders at the lodge. (S8)


Orange-chinned Parakeet - Brotogeris jugularis
Orange-chinned Parakeet
Brotogeris jugularis exsul
Minca, Magdalena department, Colombia.
A common and widespread parakeet from southern Mexico to western Venezuela. I suspect this pair was inspecting the hole in the tree as a possible nest site. (S6)


Cobalt-winged Parakeet - Brotogeris cyanoptera
Cobalt-winged Parakeet
Brotogeris cyanoptera cyanoptera
Yasuní NP, Orellana province, Ecuador.
This is not the prettiest example of this species, this pair looks like they are in mid-molt. Fluttering around in a muddy clay lick didn't help either. (S3)


Golden-winged Parakeet - Brotogeris chrysoptera
Golden-winged Parakeet
Brotogeris chrysoptera chrysoptera
Slopes of Cerro Humo, Paria Peninsula, Sucre state, Venezuela.
The golden wing is often not visible when the bird is at rest. (S3)


Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet - Touit huetii
Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet
Touit huetii
Yasuní NP, Orellana province, Ecuador.
Touits are some of the most difficult of all birds to photograph in the wild, since they are scarce, shy, and tend to stay in the canopy. The parrot lick in Yasuní NP, about a kilometer's walk south of the river, gives an incredible chance to get up close and personal with one of them, as the birds come down to the ground to visit the clay lick. (D3)


Blue-fronted Parrotlet - Touit dilectissimus
Blue-fronted Parrotlet
Touit dilectissimus
RNA Arrierito Antioqueño, Anorí, Antioquia department, Colombia.
A pair allopreening near a nest cavity that they were digging in an arboreal termite nest. The female is on the right. (D3)


Blue-fronted Parrotlet - Touit dilectissimus
Blue-fronted Parrotlet
Touit dilectissimus
RNA Arrierito Antioqueño, Anorí, Antioquia department, Colombia.
Male on the left, female on the right. Another name for this bird is Red-winged Parrotlet. (D3)


Black-headed Parrot - Pionites melanocephalus
Black-headed Parrot
Pionites melanocephalus pallidus
Yasuní Research Station, Orellana province, Ecuador.
Feasting on Cecropia fruit. This species is found mainly north of the Amazon, but nips south of it in central Peru. (S6)


White-bellied Parrot - Pionites leucogaster
White-bellied Parrot
Pionites leucogaster xanthomeria
Manu Wildlife Center, Madre de Dios, Peru.
One of the most colorful of all Neotropical parrots, found only south of the Amazon. This group was preening together on top of a dead snag, about 100 m from the top of the tower at the lodge. (D1)


Rose-faced Parrot - Pyrilia pulchra
Rose-faced Parrot
Pyrilia pulchra
La Unión, Esmeradas province, Ecuador.
A striking parrot endemic to the Chocó region of NW Ecuador and W Colombia. (S7)


Saffron-headed Parrot - Pyrilia pyrilia
Saffron-headed Parrot
Pyrilia pyrilia
El Paujil reserve, Santander, Colombia.
A rare parrot of lowland rainforests of eastern Colombia and western Venezuela. A bad photo, but there are few shots of this species in the wild. (D3)


Orange-cheeked Parrot - Pyrilia barrabandi
Orange-cheeked Parrot
Pyrilia barrabandi barrabandi
Yasuní NP, Orellana province, Ecuador.
This fabulous parrot is found throughout much of the Amazon basin. (D3)


Caica Parrot - Pyrilia caica
Caica Parrot
Pyrilia caica
San Miguel de Betania, Bolívar state, Venezuela.
Obviously related to the previous species, the two seem to replace each other. Orange-cheeked is found in the western Amazon basin, and Caica in the northeastern Amazon and in the Guianas. (D3)


Red-faced Parrot - Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops
Red-faced Parrot
Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops
Cerro Toledo, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
A bad photo, but for a while it was one of the only in existance of birds in the wild. This is a seriously rare and endangered parrot that is nearly endemic to Ecuador (it barely reaches northern Peru). It only occurs in very high elevation forests above around 2600 m. (D2)


Short-tailed Parrot - Graydidascalus brachyurus
Short-tailed Parrot
Graydidascalus brachyurus
Zancudococha, Sucumbíos, Ecuador.
(S8)


Blue-headed Parrot - Pionus menstruus
Blue-headed Parrot
Pionus menstruus menstruus
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil
The most widespread Pionus, found in tropical forest from Costa Rica to Bolivia and Brazil. (S11)


Scaly-headed Parrot - Pionus maximiliani
Scaly-headed Parrot
Pionus maximiliani melanobelpharus
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
This species shows a lot of racial variation; this is an example of the Atlantic Forest subspecies. (S8)


White-crowned Parrot - Pionus senilis
White-crowned Parrot
Pionus senilis
Arenal Observatory Lodge, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
A common Central American parrot in Caribbean slope rainforest. (S8)


Speckle-faced Parrot - Pionus tumultuosus
Speckle-faced Parrot
Pionus tumultuosus seniloides
Forest above Jardín, Antioquia, Colombia.
This race, found in the northern Andes from Venezuela to N Peru, is sometimes split off as White-capped Parrot. Compare it with the nominate race (below) from the rest of Peru and Bolivia. (D3)


Speckle-faced Parrot - Pionus tumultuosus
Speckle-faced Parrot
Pionus tumultuosus tumultuosus
Villa Rica-Oxapampa road, Pasco, Peru.
The nominate race from southern Peru and Bolivia, sometimes called Plum-crowned Parrot. (S8)


Bronze-winged Parrot - Pionus chalcopterus
Bronze-winged Parrot
Pionus chalcopterus
Río Silanche Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha, Ecuador.
(S8)


White-fronted Parrot - Amazona albifrons
White-fronted Parrot
Amazona albifrons albifrons
Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico.
This handsome parrot ranges from Mexico to Costa Rica. (S13)


White-fronted Parrot - Amazona albifrons
White-fronted Parrot
Amazona albifrons nana
La Ensenada Lodge, Guanacaste province, Costa Rica.
Here it is near the southern limit of its range. It's a conspicuous bird around the lodge. (S6)


Red-lored Parrot - Amazona autumnalis
Red-lored Parrot
Amazona autumnalis salvini
Tranquilo Bay Lodge, Bocas del Toro, Panama.
Peering out of what I assume is a nest. (S8)


Red-lored Parrot - Amazona autumnalis
Red-lored Parrot
Amazona autumnalis salvini
Tranquilo Bay Lodge, Bocas del Toro, Panama..
The lodge has a nice canopy tower near the cabins, and it's a great place to watch Red-lored Parrots fly by at eye-level in the later afternoon. (S8)


Red-tailed Parrot - Amazona brasiliensis
Red-tailed Parrot
Amazona brasiliensis
Ilha Comprida, São Paulo state, Brazil.
A rare, very local, and seriously endangered Brazilian endemic. (S8)


Red-browed Parrot - Amazona rhodocorytha
Red-browed Parrot
Amazona rhodocorytha
Sooretama reserve, Espirito Santo state, Brazil.
This one replaces the previous species farther north in the Atlantic Forest, and it is even rarer and more endangered, with a population estimated at less than 1000 (BirdLife). (D2)


Scaly-naped Parrot - Amazona mercenarius
Scaly-naped Parrot
Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
El Dorado reserve, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena, Colombia
(S11)


Festive Parrot - Amazona festiva
Festive Parrot
Amazona festiva festiva
Anavilhanas Archipelago, Amazonas state, Brazil.
A species widely along many of the biggest rivers in South America. Despite this, it is rare in many places, such as Ecuador. (D3)


Yellow-shouldered Parrot - Amazona barbadensis
Yellow-shouldered Parrot
Amazona barbadensis
Araya Peninsula, Sucre state, Venezuela.
Another endangered Amazon, this one restricted to coastal deserts of Venezuela and the island of Bonaire. (D3)



Turquoise-fronted Parrot - Amazona aestiva
Turquoise-fronted Parrot
Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
Caiman Lodge, Mato Grosso de Sul state, Brazil.
Quite photogenic, perched on top of this small tree at dawn. Caiman Lodge is a great place to photograph parrots. (D3)


Yellow-crowned Parrot - Amazona ochrocephala
Yellow-crowned Parrot
Amazona ochrocephala nattereri
Yasuní National Park, Orellana, Ecuador.
This shot and the next were also taken at the clay lick next to the Napo River. Other birds in the frame include Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus, Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa, and Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii. (D3)


Mealy Parrot - Amazona farinosa
Mealy Parrot
Amazona farinosa farinosa
Yasuní National Park, Orellana, Ecuador.
They got their name from the whitish tinge to their backs, as if they were dusted lightly with flour. There are also Yellow-crowned Parrots and Blue-headed Parrots in the shot. (D3)


Mealy Parrot - Amazona farinosa
Mealy Parrot
Amazona farinosa farinosa
Panama Rainforest Discover Center, Colón province, Panama.
(S8)


Yellow-naped Parrot - Amazona auropalliata
Yellow-naped Parrot
Amazona auropalliata
Northeast of Mapastepec, Chiapas state, Mexico.
(S5)


Red-fan Parrot - Deroptyus accipitrinus
Red-fan Parrot
Deroptyus accipitrinus fuscifrons
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Gross state, Brazil.
How many times to you get to look down on these beauties? I digiscoped them from the top of the original 40 m high canopy tower. It was right at dawn and still quite dark, resulting a long, noisy exposure. (D3)



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