PARROTS AND MACAWS   -   PSITTACIDAE   -   PART I

Parakeets & macaws


Gray-hooded Parakeet - Psilopsiagon aymara
Gray-hooded Parakeet
Psilopsiagon aymara
El Infiernillo, Tucuman province, Argentina.
This attractive parakeet is found in the Andes from Bolivia to northern Argentina and northern Chile. (S6)


Monk Parakeet - Myiopsitta monachus
Monk Parakeet
Myiopsitta monachus cotorra
Pousada Araras, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
(D4)


Ochre-marked Parakeet - Pyrrhura cruentata
Ochre-marked Parakeet
Pyrrhura cruentata
Linhares reserve, Espirito Santo state, Brazil.
This beautiful parakeet is endemic to the Atlantic Rainforest of Southeast Brazil, where it is now quite local in scattered forest patches. I suspect that the largest density occurs in the Linahres reserve, where this photos was taken, and the adjacent Sooretama reserve. (S6)


Blaze-winged Parakeet - Pyrrhura devillei
Blaze-winged Parakeet
Pyrrhura devillei
Caiman Lodge, Mato Grosso de Sul state, Brazil.
Very similar to P. frontalis below, differring mainly in the color of the crown. (D3)


Maroon-bellied Parakeet - Pyrrhura frontalis
Maroon-bellied Parakeet
Pyrrhura frontalis frontalis
Itororó Lodge, Varginha, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Sometimes called Reddish-bellied Parakeet. This is one of the most common parakeets in the Atlantic Forest. (S11)


Gray-breasted Parakeet - Pyrrhura griseipectus
Gray-breasted Parakeet
Pyrrhura griseipectus
Pacotí, Ceará state, Brazil.
After being split from the next species, it suddenly became the most endangered parakeet in South America. While it was perhaps formerly more widespread, it is currently only known from the tiny Serra de Baturité mountains of northern Ceará, with a population estimated at less than 250. (S6)


Maroon-faced Parakeet - Pyrrhura leucotis
Maroon-faced Parakeet
Pyrrhura leucotis
Itajuipe, Bahia state, Brazil.
Endemic to eastern Brazil. Several other taxa from Venezuela and other parts of Brazil were formerly included in this species, but they have either been split off or placed with other species, leaving this one as monotypic. (S6)


Santarem Parakeet - Pyrrhura amazonum
Santarem (Hellmayr's) Parakeet
Pyrrhura amazonum amazonum
Serra dos Carajás, Pará state, Brazil.
Split from Painted Parakeet P. picta. Reference: Joseph, L. 2002. Geographical variation, taxonomy and distribution of some Amazonian Pyrrhura parakeets. Ornitologia Neotropical 13: 337-363). The two races of Santarem Parakeet were also proposed for a split in the same paper. Note the difference in the pattern of the breast feathers to the bir din the next photo. Snethlagae has more distinct vertical black stripes on the white throat feathers, compared to the wider black markings of amazonum. (D3)


Santarem Parakeet - Pyrrhura amazonum
Santarem (Madeira) Parakeet
Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
(S6)


Santarem Parakeet - Pyrrhura amazonum
Santarem (Madeira) Parakeet
Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
These parakeets were coming down to a clay lick on the bank of the river near the lodge. (S6)


Santa Marta Parakeet - Pyrrhura viridicata
Santa Marta Parakeet
Pyrrhura viridicata
San Lorenzo ridge, Sierra de Santa Marta, Magdalena dept., Colombia.
An endangered parakeet that is endemic to the Santa Marta mountains of northern Colombia. (D3)


Maroon-tailed Parakeet - Pyrrhura melanura
Maroon-tailed Parakeet
Pyrrhura melanura pacifica
La Unión, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
This parakeet is common in humid rainforest over much of Ecuador, eastern Colombia, and northeastern Peru. This subspecies, with gray skin around the eye and a short tail, is found only west of the Andes, and may be worthy of full species status (Choco Parakeet). (S8)


White-necked Parakeet - Pyrrhura albipectus
White-necked Parakeet
Pyrrhura albipectus
Rio Bombuscaro/Podocarpus NP, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecador.
Also called White-breasted Parakeet. It used to be one of mainland Ecuador's few endemics, but a few years ago it was found in adjacent Peru. (D2)


Brown-breasted Parakeet - Pyrrhura calliptera
Brown-breasted Parakeet
Pyrrhura calliptera
Chingaza NP, Cundinamarca department, Colombia.
This species is endemic to the Colombian eastern Andes. It is sometimes called Flame-winged Parakeet. (S5)


Burrowing Parakeet - Cyanoliseus patagonus
Burrowing Parakeet
Cyanoliseus patagonus andinus
Payogasta, Salta province, Argentina.
Sometimes also called Burrowing Parrot. Despite what it might look like, this did not appear to be a friendly encounter. I've made another page with a lot more photos of this species; click here. (S8)


Hyacinth Macaw - Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Hyacinth Macaw
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Caiman Lodge, Mato Grosso de Sul state, Brazil.
it's the world's biggest and arguably most spectacular parrot. While they are best known from the Pantanal, they also occur locally throughout the eastern parts of the Amazon. They are not particularly shy; I photographed these in someone's front yard. (D3)


Hyacinth Macaw - Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Hyacinth Macaw
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
(S6)


Indigo (Lear's) Macaw - Anodorhynchus leari
Indigo (Lear's) Macaw
Anodorhynchus leari
Fazenda Serra Branca, Canudos-Jeremoaba road, Bahia state, Brazil.
A smaller and far rarer version of the Hyacinth Macaw. Once considered critically endangered, numbers at one point dropped to fewer than 150 individuals. They have made a tremendous comeback in recent years, and they can be seen quite easily along the road between Canudos and Jeremoaba. (D3)


Indigo (Lear's) Macaw - Anodorhynchus leari
Indigo (Lear's) Macaw
Anodorhynchus leari
Fazenda Serra Branca, Canudos-Jeremoaba road, Bahia state, Brazil.
Here's a bird feasting on corn filched out of a farmer's field. Fortunately, the farmers now use firecrackers to scare the birds away, not shotguns. (D6)


Orange-fronted Parakeet - Eupsittula canicularis
Orange-fronted Parakeet
Eupsittula canicularis canicularis
Along the road between the Panamerican Highway and La Ensenada Lodge, Puntarenas province, Costa Rica.
A parakeet found in drier areas from Mexico to Costa Rica. (S8)


Peach-fronted Parakeet - Eupsittula aurea
Peach-fronted Parakeet
Eupsittula aurea
Serra da Canastra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
A common parakeet that ranges widely in non-forest habitats, mainly in Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. (S6)


Brown-throated Parakeet - Eupsittula pertinax
Brown-throated Parakeet
Eupsittula pertinax surinama
Caño Colorado, Monagas state, Venezuela.
This one seems to replace Peach-fronted in northern South America, occurring in similar habitats. (D3)


Cactus (Caatinga) Parakeet - Eupsittula cactorum
Cactus (Caatinga) Parakeet
Eupsittula cactorum cactorum
Boa Nova, Bahia state, Brazil
Closely related to the previous two species, occurring in dry caatinga scrub and woodland in northeastern Brazil. (D3)


Dusky-headed Parakeet - Aratinga weddellii
Dusky-headed Parakeet
Aratinga weddellii
Yasuní NP, Orellana province, Ecuador.
A big flock on a clay lick next to the Napo river. (D3)


Nanday Parakeet - Aratinga nenday
Nanday Parakeet
Aratinga nenday
Caiman Lodge, Mato Grosso de Sul state, Brazil.
Sometimes called Black-hooded Parakeet for obvious reasons. This was the most common parakeet at Caiman Lodge. (D3)


Golden-capped Parakeet - Aratinga auricapillus
Golden-capped Parakeet
Aratinga auricapillus aurifrons
Serra da Canastra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
A gorgeous yet threatened species endemic to Brazil. Thanks to severe habitat loss, they are now quite scarce throughout their range. They are still seen regularly in and around protected areas like Serra da Canastra NP. (S10)


Golden-capped Parakeet - Aratinga auricapillus
Golden-capped Parakeet
Aratinga auricapillus aurifrons
Serra da Canastra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
(D3)


Red-bellied Macaw - Orthopsittaca manilatus
Red-bellied Macaw
Orthopsittaca manilatus
About 5 km north of Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas state, Brazil.
These guys love Mauritia palms, you hardly ever see them away from them unless they are flying from on patch to another. I also took some video of them, which you can find on the Internet Bird Collection (click here). (D3)


Blue-winged Macaw - Primolius maracana
Blue-winged Macaw
Primolius maracana
Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Blue-winged Macaws seem to be quite tolerant of different habitats. While it is still mainly a forest bird, it will wander widely in search of food. This one was foraging in Cerrado habitat, dominated by bushes only a few meters high. This species, as well as the other members of the genus, were formerly places in the genus Propyrrhura. (D3)


Yellow-collared Macaw - Primolius auricollis
Yellow-collared Macaw
Primolius auricollis
Transpantanal Highway, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
This distinctive macaw is found from central Brazil south to northern Argentina. It's fairly common in the Pantanal. (S8)


Blue-and-yellow Macaw - Ara ararauna
Blue-and-yellow Macaw
Ara ararauna
Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
An iconic Neotropical species, occuring from Panama through to the Amazon basin. (S8)


Great Green Macaw - Ara ambiguus
Great Green Macaw
Ara ambiguus ambiguus
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
Found from Honduras to Ecuador, but only west of the Andes. La Selva is the most reliable spot I know for them. I still haven't seen one in South America despite having lived and birded here for over ten years now. (S6)


Scarlet Macaw - Ara macao
Scarlet Macaw
Ara macao macao
Yasuní NP, Orellana province, Ecuador.
These were at the clay lick that's about a kilometer south of the Rio Napo. (D3)


Red-and-green Macaw - Ara chloroptera
Red-and-green Macaw
Ara chloroptera
Blanquillo macaw lick, Manu, Madre de Dios region, Peru.
It's an amazing site to see a dozen of these birds clinging and flapping along the riverbank. They're the star attaction even though many other smaller parrots also visit the lick. (S8)


Red-and-green Macaw - Ara chloroptera
Red-and-green Macaw
Ara chloroptera
Blanquillo macaw lick, Manu, Madre de Dios region, Peru.
It's monotypic despite ranging widely throughout the Amazon. It even occurs locally west of the Andes in Venezuela, Colombia, and Panama. (S8)


Red-and-green Macaw - Ara chloroptera
Red-and-green Macaw
Ara chloroptera
Blanquillo macaw lick, Manu, Madre de Dios region, Peru.
(S8)


Red-shouldered Macaw - Diopsittaca nobilis
Red-shouldered Macaw
Diopsittaca nobilis longipennis
Pousada Jardim da Amazonia, São José do Rio Claro, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
The smallest macaw, no larger than some of the parakeets. They like palm groves as well, but are not so exclusively tied to Mauritia palms as the Red-bellied. (S7)


Golden-plumed Parakeet - Leptosittaca branickii
Golden-plumed Parakeet
Leptosittaca branickii
Reserva El Mirador, Quindío department, Colombia.
A pair nesting in artificial nest boxes. The birds learned to use them quickly, which is really great, since one of the reasons for their decline was a lack of suitable nesting cavities. (D3)


Golden-plumed Parakeet - Leptosittaca branickii
Golden-plumed Parakeet
Leptosittaca branickii
Reserva El Mirador, Quindío department, Colombia.
(D3)


Yellow-eared Parrot - Ognorhynchus icterotis
Yellow-eared Parrot
Ognorhynchus icterotis
Above Jardin, Antioquia department, Colombia.
One of the world's rarest parrots. It is Critically Endangered with a population estimated at less than 200 individuals (BirdLife). Reasons for its decline seem to be mainly due to hunting and the loss of the Wax Palm (Ceroxylon quindiuense), which it uses for nesting and roosting. There are no recent records from Ecuador, but in Colombia it is making a comeback thanks to the conservation efforts by ProAves Colombia. (D3)


Blue-crowned Parakeet - Thectocercus acuticaudatus
Blue-crowned Parakeet
Thectocercus acuticaudatus acuticaudatus
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
This pair was taking shelter from the mid-day heat in the canopy of a mango tree. (S8)


Green/Pacific Parakeet - Psittacara holochlorus/strenuus
Green/Pacific Parakeet
Psittacara holochlorus/strenuus
Unión Juárez, Chiapas state, Mexico.
These two species are basically identical and would probably be better off lumped. They apparently occur together on the Pacific slope of Chiapas. (S5)


Scarlet-fronted Parakeet - Psittacara wagleri
Scarlet-fronted Parakeet
Psittacara wagleri transilis
Caripe, Monagas state, Venezuela.
One member of a large flock that was feeding in an Erythrina tree by the side of the road. (D3)


Red-masked Parakeet - Psittacara erythrogenys
Red-masked Parakeet
Psittacara erythrogenys
Jorupe reserve, Loja province, Ecuador.
Endemic to the Tumbesian bioregion of western Ecuador and northwestern Peru. (S8)


White-eyed Parakeet - Psittacara leucophthalmus
White-eyed Parakeet
Psittacara leucophthalmus leucophthalmus
Serra da Canastra, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
A widespread species in South America. Note the random red patches on the side of the neck, a characteristic feature of the species. (S6)


White-eyed Parakeet - Psittacara leucophthalmus
White-eyed Parakeet
Psittacara leucophthalmus leucophthalmus
Serra da Canastra, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
(S5)



Next page
Previous page
Back to gallery index











Website design and all photos copyright Nick Athanas
For questions, comments, or photograph licensing info, please email