ORIOLES AND BLACKBIRDS   -   ICTERIDAE   -   PART II

Red-bellied Grackle to Sturnella meadowlarks

Red-bellied Grackle - Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster
Red-bellied Grackle
Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster
RNA Arrierito Antioqueño, Anorí, Antioquia department, Colombia.
A fantastic bird endemic to the Colombian Andes. This is an old digiscoped shot that really does not do it justice. These curious birds move through the cloudforest in small, noisy, flocks. (D3)


Chopi Blackbird - Gnorimopsar chopi
Chopi Blackbird
Gnorimopsar chopi sulcirostris
Serra da Canastra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
A common bird though much of eastern South America in open areas, often in big flocks. They are often first noticed by their beautiful cheerful-sounding whistles, especially striking when you find a huge flock. (S6)


Austral Blackbird - Curaeus curaeus
Austral Blackbird
Curaeus curaeus reynoldsi
Lake Fagnano, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina.
This monotypic species is found from central Chile south through Tierra del Fuego and other nearby islands. (S8)


Scarlet-headed Blackbird - Amblyramphus holosericeus
Scarlet-headed Blackbird
Amblyramphus holosericeus
Transpantanal Highway, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Another fantastic icterid found very locally in wetlands from Bolivia to NW Argentina. (S8)


Scarlet-headed Blackbird - Amblyramphus holosericeus
Scarlet-headed Blackbird
Amblyramphus holosericeus
Caiman Lodge, Mato Grosso de Sul state, Brazil.
(D3)


Unicolored Blackbird - Agelasticus cyanopus
Unicolored Blackbird
Agelasticus cyanopus cyanopus
Transpantanal Highway, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Male. The female is far more distinctive, see below. (S6)


Unicolored Blackbird - Agelasticus cyanopus
Unicolored Blackbird
Agelasticus cyanopus cyanopus
Transpantanal Highway, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Female. (S8)


Yellow-winged Blackbird - Agelasticus thilius
Yellow-winged Blackbird
Agelasticus thilius petersii
Quinta, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil.
Male. The yellow is in the wing linings, so usually invisible on a perched bird. (D4)


Chestnut-capped Blackbird - Chrysomus ruficapillus
Chestnut-capped Blackbird
Chrysomus ruficapillus ruficapillus
São José do Barreiro, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Male. Occurs widely in eastern South America, where it inhabits wetlands and their surroundings. (S8)


Yellow-hooded Blackbird - Chrysomus icterocephalus
Yellow-hooded Blackbird
Chrysomus icterocephalus bogotensis
Parque La Florida, Bogota, Colombia.
Male. (D3)


Brown-and-yellow Marshbird - Pseudoleistes virescens
Brown-and-yellow Marshbird
Pseudoleistes virescens
Quinta, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil.
(D4)


Grayish Baywing - Agelaioides badius
Grayish Baywing
Agelaioides badius badius
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Formerly "Bay-winged Cowbird", which has now been split and renamed. This is one name change that seemed approproate, since it is not a true "cowbird"; it's not sexually dimorphic and is not a brood parasite. (S8)


Pale Baywing - Agelaioides fringillarius
Pale Baywing
Agelaioides fringillarius
Pirapora, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Formerly lumped with the above and called Bay-winged Cowbird. It's endemic to eastern Brazil. (S8)


Screaming Cowbird - Molothrus rufoaxillaris
Screaming Cowbird
Molothrus rufoaxillaris
Las Lajitas, Salta province, Argentina.
Almost identical to Shiny Cowbird M. bonariensis, but often occurs together with it in the same flock to allow close comparison. Male Screaming Cowbird has a stubbier bill and less glossy plumage. The voice is very different as well, though it hardly screams. (S5)


Shiny Cowbird - Molothrus bonariensis
Shiny Cowbird
Molothrus bonariensis bonariensis
Pixaim, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Male. (S8)


Shiny Cowbird - Molothrus bonariensis
Shiny Cowbird
Molothrus bonariensis bonariensis
Pixaim, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Female on the right. (S8)


Shiny Cowbird - Molothrus bonariensis
Shiny Cowbird
Molothrus bonariensis bonariensis
Hotel do Ypê, Itatiaia National Park, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
A young male being raised by a Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis. (S10)


Giant Cowbird - Molothrus oryzivorus
Giant Cowbird
Molothrus oryzivorus oryzivorus
Pantanal Mato Grosso Hotel, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Male. (S11)


Giant Cowbird - Molothrus oryzivorus
Giant Cowbird
Molothrus oryzivorus oryzivorus
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Female. She was sitting on a feeder in bright sunlight. (S7)


Giant Cowbird - Molothrus oryzivorus
Giant Cowbird
Molothrus oryzivorus oryzivorus
Porto Jofre, Mato Grosso, Brazil.
With a Capybara Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris. (S8)


Great-tailed Grackle - Quiscalus mexicanus
Great-tailed Grackle
Quiscalus mexicanus peruvianus
Tárcoles, Puntarenas province, Costa Rica.
Male. (S6)


Great-tailed Grackle - Quiscalus mexicanus
Great-tailed Grackle
Quiscalus mexicanus peruvianus
Tárcoles, Puntarenas province, Costa Rica.
Female. (S5)


Nicaraguan Grackle - Quiscalus nicaraguensis
Nicaraguan Grackle
Quiscalus nicaraguensis
Caño Negro, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
Male. This grackle has a very restricted range, occurring in wetlands around the big lakes of Nicaragua, also just barely reaching across the border into northern Costa Rica. (S8)


Nicaraguan Grackle - Quiscalus nicaraguensis
Nicaraguan Grackle
Quiscalus nicaraguensis
Caño Negro, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
Female. (S8)


White-browed Meadowlark - Sturnella superciliaris
White-browed Meadowlark
Sturnella superciliaris
Garuva, Santa Catarina state, Brazil.
Juv. male. Formerly called White-browed Blackbird. (D3)


Peruvian Meadowlark - Sturnella bellicosa
Peruvian Meadowlark
Sturnella bellicosa bellicosa
La Segua marshes, Manabí province, Ecuador.
Male. Similar to other South American meadowlarks. Found from Ecuador to northern Chile & Argentina. (S8)


Peruvian Meadowlark - Sturnella bellicosa
Peruvian Meadowlark
Sturnella bellicosa bellicosa
El Tambo, Santa Elena province, Ecuador.
Female. (S8)


Long-tailed Meadowlark - Sturnella loyca
Long-tailed Meadowlark
Sturnella loyca loyca
Pali Aike National Park, Region XII, Chile.
Found only in far southern South America and the Falklands. (S5)


Long-tailed Meadowlark - Sturnella loyca
Long-tailed Meadowlark
Sturnella loyca loyca
Pampa de Achala, Córdoba province, Argentina.
(S5)


Long-tailed Meadowlark - Sturnella loyca
Long-tailed Meadowlark
Sturnella loyca loyca
Trelew, Chubut province, Argentina.
Female. (S5)














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