HUMMINGBIRDS   -   TROCHILIDAE   -   PART VIII

Amazilia Emeralds, sapphires, other miscellaneous hummers like Many-spotted, Tumbes, Buffy


Many-spotted Hummingbird - Taphrospilus
                      hypostictus
Many-spotted Hummingbird
Taphrospilus hypostictus
WildSumaco, Napo Province, Ecuador.
Ranges in Andean east slope cloudforest from Ecuador to Bolivia. (S7)


White-throated Hummingbird -
                      Leucochloris albicollis
White-throated Hummingbird
Leucochloris albicollis
Vale das Taquaras Lodge, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
(S7)


Buffy
                      Hummingbird - Leucippus fallax
Buffy Hummingbird
Leucippus fallax
Perico, La Guajira department, Colombia.
A rather drab hummer of dry habitats in northern Colombia and northern Venezuela. (S6)


Tumbes Hummingbird - Leucippus baeri
Tumbes Hummingbird
Leucippus baeri
Chaparri reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
Bathing in a stream. A well-named species found only in SW Ecuador and NW Peru. (S6)


Tumbes Hummingbird - Leucippus baeri
Tumbes Hummingbird
Leucippus baeri
Chaparri reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
(S6)


White-bellied Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      chionogaster
White-bellied Hummingbird
Amazilia chionogaster chionogaster
Abra Patricia, San Martín department, Peru.
Very similar to Andean Emerald A. franciae, which occurs together with it in this area. White-bellied always shows some white in the tail, but this is often only visible in flight and not visible in this photo. Some taxonomists place it in the genus Leucippus. (S6)


Green-and-white Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      viridicauda
Green-and-white Hummingbird
Amazilia viridicauda
Aguas Calientes, Cusco department, Peru.
Endemic to cloudforest in southeastern Peru. It is very similar to the previous species, but lacks the white in the tail and occurs in different habitat. (S6)


Amazilia Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      amazilia
Amazilia Hummingbird
Amazilia amazilia dumerilii
Zapotillo, Loja, Ecuador.
A hummer found only in southern Ecuador and western Peru; it prefers dry habitats. (S8)


Amazilia Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      amazilia
Amazilia Hummingbird
Amazilia amazilia leucophaea
Chaparrí Reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
Coming in to bathe in a stream. (S6)


White-bellied Emerald - Amazilia
White-bellied Emerald
Amazilia candida genini
Santa Maria Jacatepec, Oaxaca, Mexico.
(S13)


White-chested Emerald - Amazilia
                      brevirostris
White-chested Emerald
Amazilia brevirostris chionopectus
Guaraunos, Sucre state, Venezuela.
Female. Not an easy ID, but the all black bill rules out most of the similar species. Normally it shows more of a copper rump. The gray tips to the outer tail feathers indicate that it's probably a female. (D3)


Versicolored Emerald - Amazilia versicolor
Versicolored Emerald
Amazilia versicolor versicolor
Hotel do Ypê, Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
A variable species, even within the same subspecies. Some birds, especially near the coast (see below), show larger amounts of white on the throat. This individual shows only white fringing to the feathers on its chin and central throat. (D3)


Versicolored Emerald - Amazilia versicolor
Versicolored Emerald
Amazilia versicolor versicolor
Vale das Taquaras Lodge, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
An example of the coastal form, which formerly was considered a separate subspecies, brevirostris. However, that name has been shown to belong to White-chested Emerald, leaving this form with no current described subspecies. (S8)


Andean Emerald - Amazilia
                      franciae
Andean Emerald
Amazilia franciae viridiceps
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha Province, Ecuador.
Probably a male due to the bluish tinge on the crown. (S8)


Glittering-throated Emerald - Amazilia
                      fimbriata
Glittering-throated Emerald
Amazilia fimbriata tephrocephala
Guapi Assu Bird Lodge, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
(S7)


Sapphire-spangled Emerald -
                      Amazilia lactea
Sapphire-spangled Emerald
Amazilia lactea lactea
Sumidouro, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Male. This species has a rather disjunct range in South America. This is the nominate subspecies, which occurs in central and southern Brazil. Other subspecies occur in the Tepui region and in E Peru/N Bolivia. (S7)


Charming Hummingbird - Amazilia decora
Charming Hummingbird
Amazilia decora
Esquinas Lodge, La Gamba, Puntarenas province, Costa Rica.
Endemic to the Pacific lowlands of SW Costa Rica and W Panama. (S8)


Blue-chested Hummingbird - Amazilia amabilis
Blue-chested Hummingbird
Amazilia amabilis
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
Male. (S8)


Purple-chested Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      rosenbergi
Purple-chested Hummingbird
Amazilia rosenbergi
Reserva Río Canandé Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
Male. Endemic to the Chocó region of western Colombia and northwestern Ecuador. (S8)


Purple-chested Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      rosenbergi
Purple-chested Hummingbird
Amazilia rosenbergi
Reserva Río Canandé Esmeraldas province, Ecuador.
Female. (S8)


Berylline Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      beryllina
Berylline Hummingbird
Amazilia beryllina sumichrasti
North of Mapastepec, Chiapas state, Mexico.
(S5)


Steely-vented Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      saucerrottei
Steely-vented Hummingbird
Amazilia saucerrottei warscewiczi
Minca, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
This rather plain hummer is found in Central America and northern South America. The coppery rump and blue tail with a slight fork are good clues. (S6)


Steely-vented Hummingbird - Amazilia saucerottei
Steely-vented Hummingbird
Amazilia saucerrottei saucerottei
Hotel Tinamú, San Peregrino, Caldas, Colombia.
(S13)


Indigo-capped Hummingbird - Amazilia
                      cyanifrons
Indigo-capped Hummingbird
Amazilia cyanifrons
Jardín Encantado, San Francisco de Sales, Cundinamarca, Colombia.
Generally regarded as a Colombian endemic, though some authorities treat Alfaro's Hummingbird A. alfaroana (known from a single specimen from Costa Rica and probably extinct) as a subspecies of Indigo-capped. (S8)


Snowy-bellied Hummingbird - Amazilia edward
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Amazilia edward edward
Ginger House, Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
Probably a male. It's range is centered on Panama, reaching into SW Costa Rica, and only barely making it into Colombia. Sometimes placed in the genus Saucerottia. (S8)


Green-bellied Hummingbird -Amazilia
                      viridigaster
Green-bellied (Copper-tailed) Hummingbird
Amazilia viridigaster cupreicauda
Iwokrama Forest, Potaro-Siparuni region, Guyana.
The grayish belly indicates that this is probably a juvenile. At only 50 m above sea level, this is an extremely low record for this species, which normally is found in mountains. (D3)


Rufous-tailed Hummingbird - Amazilia tzacatl
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Amazilia tzacatl fuscicaudata
Minca, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia
A common hummer of more open habitats and forest edge. It tolerates a very wide elevational range; this one was photographed near feeders at 600 m. (S6)


Rufous-tailed Hummingbird - Amazilia tzacatl
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Amazilia tzacatl jucunda
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
(S8)


Green-fronted Hummingbird - Amazilia viridifrons
Green-fronted Hummingbird
Amazilia viridifrons villadai
Hills north of Arriaga, Chiapas, Mexico.
(S13)


Golden-tailed Sapphire - Chrysuronia oenone
Golden-tailed Sapphire
Chrysuronia oenone oenone
Wildsumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
Male. This photo was taken at dusk without flash. It's hard to get sharp hummer shots in low light conditions without flash, but when they do come out, they often look spectacular. Late afternoon light tends to be less directional, so the bird is illuminated more evenly, bringing out colors and details in all parts of its plumage. This species is found on the lower Andean east slope and adjacent lowlands as well as northern Venezuela. It does not usually occur a great distance away from the mountains. A photo of the female is below. (S7)


Golden-tailed Sapphire - Chrysuronia oenone
Golden-tailed Sapphire
Chrysuronia oenone josephinae
Amazonia Lodge, Madre de Dios region, Peru.
Female. (S8)


Violet-capped Hummingbird - Goldmania
                      violiceps
Violet-capped Hummingbird
Goldmania violiceps
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
Male. This hummer has a very small range in eastern Panama and adjacent northwestern Colombia. (S8)


Violet-capped Hummingbird - Goldmania
                      violiceps
Violet-capped Hummingbird
Goldmania violiceps
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
Female. (S8)


Sapphire-throated Hummingbird -
                      Lepidopyga coeruleogularis
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
Lepidopyga coeruleogularis confinis
Hotel Avicar, Tortí, Panama province, Panama.
Male. This handsome hummer is found from extreme SE Costa Rica to northern Colombia. (S8)


Sapphire-throated Hummingbird -
                      Lepidopyga coeruleogularis
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
Lepidopyga coeruleogularis confinis
Hotel Avicar, Tortí, Panama province, Panama.
Female. (S8)


Sapphire-bellied
                      Hummingbird - Lepidopyga lilliae
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird
Lepidopyga lilliae
Vía Parque Isla de Salamanca, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Male. This is an extremely rare hummer of mangroves of northern Colombia, though its status as a species has been questioned. It occurs together with the similar Sapphire-throated Hummingbird L. coeruleogularis (above) and it seems improbable that such close congeners could share the same niche. Sapphire-bellied may only be an age stage or a local subspecies of Sapphire-throated. I tend to agree with that (and see the photo below) but pending further research it will remain a "good" species. (S6)


Sapphire-bellied
                      Hummingbird - Lepidopyga lilliae
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird
Lepidopyga lilliae
Vía Parque Isla de Salamanca, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Male. This is the same individual is show in the photo to the left. This bird shows some green on the undertail coverts, though the species is meant to have entirely blue underparts. I still call it Sapphire-bellied as it does have almost entirely blue underparts and is far closer to Sapphire-bellied than Sapphire-throated. (S6)


Shining-green Hummingbird - Lepidopyga
                      goudoti
Shining-green Hummingbird
Lepidopyga goudoti
Perico, La Guajira department, Colombia.
A confusing hummer restricted to lowlands of N Colombia and W Venezuela. The central retrices are green when seen from above, a feature not visible in this photo, though I saw it in the field. In this area, it typically shows a lot more red in the bill than the similar Red-billed Emerald, despite the name. (S6)


Violet-bellied Hummingbird - Damophila
                      julie
Violet-bellied Hummingbird
Damophila julie feliciana
Buenaventura reserve, El Oro province, Ecuador.
Male. This subspecies is nearly endemic to the Chocó bioregion. (S8)


Violet-bellied Hummingbird - Damophila julie
Violet-bellied Hummingbird
Damophila julie panamensis
Panama Rainforest Discovery Center, Colón province, Panama.
Female. (S8)


White-chinned Sapphire - Hylocharis
                      cyanus
White-chinned Sapphire
Hylocharis cyanus griseiventris
Folha Seca, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Male. The white chin is really just some pale flecks at the base of a few feathers, often hard to see in the field. (S10)


Gilded Hummingbird - Hylocharis
                      chrysura
Gilded Hummingbird
Hylocharis chrysura
Caiman Lodge, Mato Grosso de Sul state, Brazil.
A rather washed-out member of the genus. They are surprisingly common at Caiman, considering they are rare or absent from much of the northern Pantanal. (D3)


Blue-headed Sapphire - Hylocharis grayi
Blue-headed Sapphire
Hylocharis grayi
Tulquizán, Carchi province, Ecuador.
Found from central Colombia to northern Ecuador. In Ecuador at least, it prefers drier woodland in inter-Andean valleys. (S8)


Blue-headed Sapphire - Hylocharis grayi
Blue-headed Sapphire
Hylocharis grayi
Tulquizán, Carchi province, Ecuador.
Female. (S8)


White-eared Hummingbird - Hylocharis leucotis
White-eared Hummingbird
Hylocharis leucotis leucotis
Cabañas Puesta del Sol, San José del Pacífico, Oaxaca, Mexico
Male. (S13)



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