HUMMINGBIRDS   -   TROCHILIDAE   -   PART VII

Sabrewings, Plumeleteers, Woodnymphs, miscellaneous hummers like Snowcap, Plovercrest


Broad-billed Hummingbird - Cynanthus latirostris
Broad-billed Hummingbird
Cynanthus latirostris doubledayi
Zipolite, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Male. This subspecies, which is endemic to the Pacific coast of southern Mexico, is sometimes split off as Doubleday's Hummingbird. It has blue on the forecrown and much more extensive blue on the underparts. (S5)


Violet-headed Hummingbird - Klais guimeti
Violet-headed Hummingbird
Klais guimeti guimeti
WildSumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
Male. Taken with natural light during a bright overcast afternoon. This species is found in montane cloudforest from Honduras to Bolivia. (S7)


Violet-headed Hummingbird - Klais guimeti
Violet-headed Hummingbird
Klais guimeti merrittii
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
Female. (S2)


Plovercrest - Stephanoxis lalandi
Green-crowned Plovercrest
Stephanoxis lalandi 
Algulhas Negras road, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Male. This colorful hummer is endemic to the Atlantic Forest highlands. It was recently split from the next species. (S10)


Plovercrest - Stephanoxis lalandi
Purple-crowned Plovercrest
Stephanoxis loddigesii
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Male. Formerly considered a ssp. of the previous; compared to that one, it has a blue crest and more white on the throat. (S8)


Scaly-breasted Hummingbird - Phaeochroa cuvierii
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
Phaeochroa cuvierii cuvierii
Tortí, Panama province, Panama.
A large, dull hummer that's found from Mexico to northern Colombia. The white tips to the tail are a good ID feature. (S8)


Scaly-breasted Hummingbird - Phaeochroa cuvierii
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
Phaeochroa cuvierii cuvierii
Hotel Avicar, Tortí, Panama province, Panama.
(S8)


Long-tailed Sabrewing - Campylopterus excellens
Long-tailed Sabrewing
Campylopterus excellens
El Ocote Biosphere Reserve, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Endemic to the isthmus region of S. Mexico. (S5)

Gray-breasted Sabrewing - Campylopterus largipennis
Gray-breasted Sabrewing
Campylopterus largipennis diamantinensis
Caraça reserve, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
This disjunct race is endemic to the Serra de Espinhaço in Minas Gerais. According to HBW, the outer tail feathers are wider and more bronzy-green than other races. (D3)


Rufous Sabrewing - Campylopterus rufus
Rufous Sabrewing
Campylopterus rufus
Unión Juárez, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Found from southern Mexico to El Salvador. (S5)


Violet Sabrewing - Campylopterus hemileucurus
Violet Sabrewing
Campylopterus hemileucurus mellitus
La Cinchona, Heredia provinca, Costa Rica.
Male. In light rain. (D3)


Rufous-breasted Sabrewing - Campylopterus hyperythrus
Rufous-breasted Sabrewing
Campylopterus hyperythrus
Sierra de Lema (La Escalera), Bolívar state, Venezuela.
A tepui endemic, quite common in scrubby edges above about 1200m on the Escalera. (D3)


Lazuline Sabrewing - Campylopterus falcatus
Lazuline Sabrewing
Campylopterus falcatus
Minca, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Male. This species is restricted to mountainous areas of Colombia and Venezuela, with the occasional wanderer reaching Ecuador. It may only be a recent colonist of the Santa Marta mountains. (S6)


Napo Sabrewing - Campylopterus villaviscensio
Napo Sabrewing
Campylopterus villaviscensio
WildSumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
Male. A scarce hummer of east Andean foothills from southern Colombia to northern Peru. WildSumaco is the only place I know where it comes to feeders. (S7)


Swallow-tailed Hummingbird - Eupetomena macroura
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird
Eupetomena macroura macroura
Reserva Ecologica de Guapi Assu, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
This big hummer is common in non-forested habitats throughout much of eastern South America. (S6)


White-vented Plumeleteer - Chalybura buffonii
White-vented Plumeleteer
Chalybura buffonii aeneicauda
Minca, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Male. Plumeleteers get their name from the elongated, fluffy undertail coverts, quite obvious in this photo. There are two species; this one is found in Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and possibly Ecuador depending on which taxonomy is followed. (S6)


White-vented Plumeleteer - Chalybura buffonii
White-vented Plumeleteer
Chalybura buffonii micans
Panama Rainforest Discover Center, Colón province, Panama.
Male. (S8)


White-vented Plumeleteer - Chalybura buffonii
White-vented Plumeleteer
Chalybura buffonii aeneicauda
Minca, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Juvenile male, starting to come into full adult plumage. (S6)


White-vented Plumeleteer - Chalybura buffonii
White-vented Plumeleteer
Chalybura buffonii intermedia
Buenaventura reserve, El Oro province, Ecuador.
Female. This isolated form in SW Ecuador and NW Peru is somewhat of an enigma. HBW and IOC include it as a race of Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer (C. urochrysia), while Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) suggest it might be better treated as a separate species. More research is needed. (S8)


Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer - Chalybura urochrysia
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer
Chalybura urochrysia isaurae
Cerro Azul, Panama province, Panama.
Male. This hummer inhabits lowland rainforest from Nicaragua to NW Ecuador. (S8)


Violet-crowned Woodnymph - Thalurania colombica
Crowned Woodnymph
Thalurania colombica venusta
El Tapir, San José province, Costa Rica.
Male. Formerly called Violet-crowned Woodnymph until it was lumped by SACC with Green-crowned in 2013. (S8)


Violet-crowned Woodnymph - Thalurania colombica
Crowned Woodnymph
Thalurania colombica venusta
La Mesa, Coclé province, Panama.
Female. (S8)


Crowned Woodnymph - Thalurania colombica
Crowned Woodnymph
Thalurania colombica colombica
El Dorado Reserve, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena, Colombia.
Male. (S8)


Crowned Woodnymph - Thalurania colombica
Crowned Woodnymph
Thalurania colombica colombica
El Dorado Reserve, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena, Colombia.
Male. (S8)


Green-crowned Woodnymph - Thalurania fannyi
Crowned Woodnymph
Thalurania colombica verticeps
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. Formerly considered a separate species, Green-crowned Woodnymph T. fannyi. (S8)


Green-crowned Woodnymph - Thalurania fannyi
Crowned Woodnymph
Thalurania colombica verticeps
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Los Bancos, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Female. (S7)


Green-crowned Woodnymph - Thalurania fannyi
Crowned Woodnymph
Thalurania colombica hypochlora
Buenaventura reserve, El Oro province, Ecuador.
Male. This taxon is endemic to southwestern Ecuador (though listed as "hypothetical" in NW Peru). Males have green rather than blue lower underparts. It is sometimes considered a distinct species, Emerald-bellied Woodnymph (T. hypochlora). (S5)


Fork-tailed Woodnymph - Thalurania furcata
Fork-tailed Woodnymph
Thalurania furcata nigrofasciata
Wildsumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
Male. A common and widespread species in tropical areas east of the Andes. (S7)


Violet-capped Woodnymph - Thalurania glaucopis
Violet-capped Woodnymph
Thalurania glaucopis
Hotel do Ypê, Itaitiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Male. A common hummer of the Atlantic Rainforest. (S6)


Long-tailed Woodnymph - Thalurania watertonii
Long-tailed Woodnymph
Thalurania watertonii
RPPN Frei Caneca, Pernambuco state, Brazil.
Male. Endemic to the remnant patches of Atlantic Rainforest in far northeastern Brazil. (S6)


Stripe-tailed Hummingbird - Eupherusa eximia
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird
Eupherusa eximia egregia
Savegre Mountain Hotel, San José province, Costa Rica.
Male. (S8)


Black-bellied Hummingbird - Eupherusa nigriventris
Black-bellied Hummingbird
Eupherusa nigriventris
Cataratas del Toro, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
Male. This beautiful hummer is almost endemic to Costa Rica, only just reaching western Panama. (S8)


White-tailed Emerald - Elvira chionura
White-tailed Emerald
Elvira chionura
Lake Fortuna-Gualaca road, Chiriqui province, Panama.
Male. It has quite a small range in the highlands of southern Costa Rica and western Panama. (S8)


Coppery-headed Emerald - Elvira cupreiceps
Coppery-headed Emerald
Elvira cupreiceps
Catarata del Toro, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
Male. I heard a rumor that this species had been found in Nicaragua, and no longer endemic to Costa Rica, but I haven´t been able to find any detailed about the sighting. (S6)


Snowcap - Microchera albocoronata
Snowcap
Microchera albocoronata parvirostris
El Tapir, San José province, Costa Rica.
Male. A fantastic little hummer, unlike any other in the world. This photo shows it feeding at a flowering Verbena bush, a favorite food source. El Tapir is a small hummingbird garden next to Braulio Carrillo NP, along the highway only a few km below the Quebrada Gonzales ranger station. (S8)


Snowcap - Microchera albocoronata
Snowcap
Microchera albocoronata parvirostris
Rancho Naturalista, Cartago province, Costa Rica.
Male. (D3)


Sombre Hummingbird - Aphantochroa cirrochloris
Sombre Hummingbird
Aphantochroa cirrochloris
Vale das Taquaras Lodge, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Perhaps the dullest of all the hummingbirds endemic to Brazil. It is a monotypic genus, though some authorities want to place it in Campylopterus due to similarities in primary structure, though I would never has guessed that relationship from looking at the bird. (S8)



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