HUMMINGBIRDS   -   TROCHILIDAE   -   PART VI

Mountain-gems, woodstars and other similar species, Chlorostilbon emeralds


Green-throated Mountain-gem - Lampornis viridipallens
Green-throated Mountain-gem
Lampornis viridipallens ovandensis
Tacaná Volcano, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Male. Endemic to mountains of southern Mexico and northern Central America. (S5)


Amethyst-throated Hummingbird - Lampornis amethystinus
Amethyst-throated Hummingbird
Lampornis amethystinus salvini
San Cristóbal-Tzomtehuitz road, Chiapas, Mexico
Female. (S13)


Amethyst-throated Hummingbird - Lampornis amethystinus
Amethyst-throated Hummingbird
Lampornis amethystinus salvini
Cerro Huitepec, San Cristóbal, Chiapas, Mexico
Male. (S13)


White-bellied Mountain-gem - Lampornis hemileucus
White-bellied Mountain-gem
Lampornis hemileucus
La Cinchona, Heredia provinca, Costa Rica.
Female. Restricted to Caribbean foothills of Costa Rica and Panama. (D3)


Purple-throated Mountain-gem - Lampornis calolaemus
Purple-throated Mountain-gem
Lampornis calolaemus calolaemus
Monteverde Cloudforest Reserve, Puntarenas province, Costa Rica.
Male. This species and the next are sometimes lumped as Variable Mountain-gem L. castaneoventris (e.g. HBW). (S6)


Purple-throated Mountain-gem - Lampornis calolaemus
Purple-throated Mountain-gem
Lampornis calolaemus calolaemus
Bosque de Paz, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
Female on a nest, 23 January 2013. Females of Purple-throated and White-throated Mountain-gems are essentially identical in appearance.(S8)


White-throated Mountain-gem - Lampornis castaneoventris
White-throated Mountain-gem
Lampornis castaneoventris cineriecauda
Savegre Mountain Lodge, San Gerardo de Dota, San José province, Costa Rica.
Male. This race is sometimes split off and called Gray-tailed Mountain-gem. (S6)


Purple-collared Woodstar - Myrtis fanny
Purple-collared Woodstar
Myrtis fanny fanny
Chaparrí reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
Female. Bathing in a stream near the lodge. (S6)



Oasis Hummingbird - Rhodopis vesper
Oasis Hummingbird
Rhodopis vesper vesper
Azapa Valley, Region I, Chile.
Male. (S5)


Peruvian Sheartail - Thaumastura cora
Peruvian Sheartail
Thaumastura cora
Azapa Valley, Region I, Chile.
Male. A recent arrival to extreme northern Chile. The spread of this species is thought to be one of the major causes of the drastic decline of the Chilean Woodstar Eulidia yarrellii, which used to be common. (S5)


Peruvian Sheartail - Thaumastura cora
Peruvian Sheartail
Thaumastura cora
Azapa Valley, Region I, Chile.
Female. (S5)


White-bellied Woodstar - Chaetocercus mulsant
White-bellied Woodstar
Chaetocercus mulsant
Dusky Starfrontlet reserve, Antiqouia dept., Colombia.
Male. A widespread hummer of the northern Andes, south to Bolivia. (S5)


White-bellied Woodstar - Chaetocercus mulsant
White-bellied Woodstar
Chaetocercus mulsant
Jardín Encantado, San Francisco de Sales, Cundinamarca, Colombia.
Female. (S11)


Little Woodstar - Chaetocercus bombus
Little Woodstar
Chaetocercus bombus
Huembo reserve, La Florida, Amazonas department, Peru.
Female. Generally a scarce bird that is very prone to wandering. They can turn up in many unexpected locations. Females are seen far more often than males - the distinct uppertail pattern is a very useful feature for identifying females. (S6)


Little Woodstar - Chaetocercus bombus
Little Woodstar
Chaetocercus bombus
Milpe, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Female. A rare bird in NW Ecuador, especially at Tandayapa. (S5)


Gorgeted Woodstar - Chaetocercus heliodor
Gorgeted Woodstar
Chaetocercus heliodor cleavesi
WildSumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
Male. Tiny, even for a woodstar; it's found in the Andes from Venezuela to Ecuador. A flight shot is below. (S7)


Gorgeted Woodstar - Chaetocercus heliodor
Gorgeted Woodstar
Chaetocercus heliodor cleavesi
WildSumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
Male. (S7)


Gorgeted Woodstar - Chaetocercus heliodor
Gorgeted Woodstar
Chaetocercus heliodor heliodor
Jardín Encantado, San Francisco de Sales, Cundinamarca, Colombia.
Female. (S11)


Santa Marta Woodstar - Chaetocercus astreans
Santa Marta Woodstar
Chaetocercus astreans
El Dorado Lodge, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Female. There is usually at least one female coming in to the feedesrs at the lodge, though I have never seen a male visit the feeders. Endemic to the Santa Marta range. (S6)


Santa Marta Woodstar - Chaetocercus astreans
Santa Marta Woodstar
Chaetocercus astreans
El Dorado Lodge, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
Female. A different individual in flight. (S6)


Esmeraldas Woodstar - Chaetocercus berlepschi
Esmeraldas Woodstar
Chaetocercus berlepschi
Rio Ayampe, Manabí province, Ecuador.
Male. One of only a handful of species endemic to mainland Ecuador. It is seriously endangered and still very poorly known. Easy to see for a few months of the year along the Ayampe river, but most ot all of them seem to leave from about May to November. (S8)


Esmeraldas Woodstar - Chaetocercus berlepschi
Esmeraldas Woodstar
Chaetocercus berlepschi
Rio Ayampe, Manabí province, Ecuador.
Male. An old digiscoped shot. (D3)


Esmeraldas Woodstar - Chaetocercus berlepschi
Esmeraldas Woodstar
Chaetocercus berlepschi
Rio Ayampe, Manabí province, Ecuador.
Female. (S8)


Rufous-shafted Woodstar - Chaetocercus jourdanii
Rufous-shafted Woodstar
Chaetocercus jourdanii andinus
Above La Azulita, Mérida state, Venezuela.
Male. (D3)


Short-tailed Woodstar - Myrmia micrura
Short-tailed Woodstar
Myrmia micrura
El Tambo, Santa Elena province, Ecuador.
Female. Endemic to deserts of the Tumbesian region, from western Ecuador to northwestern Peru. (S8)


Purple-throated Woodstar - Calliphlox mitchellii
Purple-throated Woodstar
Calliphlox mitchellii
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. (S6)


Purple-throated Woodstar - Calliphlox mitchellii
Purple-throated Woodstar
Calliphlox mitchellii
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Female. (S7f)


Purple-throated Woodstar - Calliphlox mitchellii
Purple-throated Woodstar
Calliphlox mitchellii
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Immature male. (S8f)


Amethyst Woodstar - Calliphlox amethystina
Amethyst Woodstar
Calliphlox amethystina
La Escalera (Sierra de Lema), Bolívar state, Venezuela.
Male. Interestingly, this species is monotypic even though it ranges through most of tropical South America. (D3)


Bumblebee Hummingbird - Atthis heloisa
Bumblebee Hummingbird
Atthis heloisa heloisa
20 km SW of Valle Nacional, Oaxaca state, Mexico.
Male. This Mexican endemic has one of the most distinctive songs of all the hummingbird. Click here for a recording of the same bird that's in this photo. (D5)


Volcano Hummingbird - Selasphorus flammula
Volcano Hummingbird
Selasphorus flammula torridus
Cerro de la Muerte, San José province, Costa Rica.
Male. Even through this species has a rather small range in the high mountains in Costa Rica and western Panama, it has three distinct subspecies, differing mainly in the color of male's gorget. This subspecies, from the Talamanca range, is sometimes caled the "Heliotrope-throated Hummingbird" due to the lavender gorget color. That's not a name that roll's off the tongue smoothly... Other races have purple or red gorgets. (S6)


Volcano Hummingbird - Selasphorus flammula
Volcano Hummingbird
Selasphorus flammula torridus
Cerro de la Muerte, San José province, Costa Rica.
Female. (S6)


Scintillant Hummingbird - Selasphorus scintilla
Scintillant Hummingbird
Selasphorus scintilla
Savegre Lodge, San José province, Costa Rica.
Male. Endemic to the mountains of Costa Rica and Panama. (S5)


Western Emerald - Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus
Western Emerald
Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus pumilis(?)
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. Apparently, two races of Western Emerald have been reported from Ecuador, pumilis as well as the nominate. The Birds of Ecuador suggests they should be synonimized due to the lack of diagnosable differences. (S8)


Western Emerald - Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus
Western Emerald
Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus pumilis(?)
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Female. (S8)


Red-billed Emerald - Chlorostilbon gibsoni
Red-billed Emerald
Chlorostilbon gibsoni nitens
Perico, La Guajira department, Colombia.
Male. The so called "Red-billed Emeralds" in this area show very little red in the bill, at most a tiny patch of pink at the base of the lower mandible. HBW considers this species to be conspecific with Blue-tailed Emerald C. mellisugus, which may be a better treatment. (S6)


Red-billed Emerald - Chlorostilbon gibsoni
Red-billed Emerald
Chlorostilbon gibsoni nitens
Los Flamencos, La Guajira department, Colombia.
Female. (S6)


Blue-tailed Emerald - Chlorostilbon mellisugus
Blue-tailed Emerald
Chlorostilbon mellisugus peruanus
Amazonia Lodge, Madre de Dios region, Peru.
Male. Shot with natural light. (S8)


Canivet's Emerald - Chlorostilbon canivetii
Canivet's Emerald
Chlorostilbon canivetii canivetii
El Sumidero National Park, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Male. (S5)


Glittering-bellied Emerald - Chlorostilbon lucidus
Glittering-bellied Emerald
Chlorostilbon lucidus pucherani
Serra do Cipó, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Male. (S5f)


Glittering-bellied Emerald - Chlorostilbon lucidus
Glittering-bellied Emerald
Chlorostilbon lucidus pucherani
Jeremoaba-Canudos road, Bahia state, Brazil.
Female. (D3)


Coppery Emerald - Chlorostilbon russatus
Coppery Emerald
Chlorostilbon russatus
El Dorado reserve, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena, Colombia
Immature male or female. This species is found only in the Santa Marta mountains in Colombia and in the Sierra de Perijá along the Colombia-Venezuela border. Some field guides incorrectly show the female as lacking the ear patch and postocular line. I suspect this bird is an immature male, due to the buffy fringes to the feathers on the head. (S11)


Green-tailed Emerald - Chlorostilbon alice
Green-tailed Emerald
Chlorostilbon alice
Henri Pittier NP, Aragua state, Venezuela.
Female. Female Chlorostilbon hummers are notoriously difficult to identify in this area. I ID'd this one based on geographical range and by the broad pale tips to the outer two retrices. (D3)



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