HUMMINGBIRDS   -   TROCHILIDAE   -   PART I

Topazes, jacobins, hermits, lancebills, visorbearers, violetears, and others


Crimson Topaz - Topaza pella
Crimson Topaz
Topaza pella smaragdulus
Rio Azul Jungle Lodge, Pará, Brazil.
Male. A big, gorgeous hummer found locally in Amazonian Brazil, eastern Venezuela, and the Guianas. (S8)


White-necked Jacobin - Florisuga mellivora
White-necked Jacobin
Florisuga mellivora mellivora
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. A hummer with a very large range, but little or no racial variation. Now only the birds on tiny Tobago are usually separated as a different race. (S8)


White-necked Jacobin - Florisuga mellivora
White-necked Jacobin
Florisuga mellivora mellivora
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Female. (S8)


White-necked Jacobin - Florisuga mellivora
White-necked Jacobin
Florisuga mellivora mellivora
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Presumably an immature male. (S8)


White-necked Jacobin - Florisuga mellivora
White-necked Jacobin
Florisuga mellivora mellivora
Hotel Minca, Minca, Magdalena, Colombia
Immature male. (S11)


Black Jacobin - Florisuga fusca
Black Jacobin
Florisuga fusca
Folha Seca, Ubatuba, São Paulo state, Brazil.
It doesn't look much like it's cousin above (and there is no sexual dimorphism), but studies show they are closely related. (S10)


White-tipped Sicklebill - Eutoxeres aquila
White-tipped Sicklebill
Eutoxeres aquila heterurus
Buenaventura Reserve, El Oro, Ecuador.
Found in humid forest in southern Central American and northwestern South America. It's striking bill is specialized to feed on certain species of Heliconia flowers. (S8)


Saw-billed Hermit - Ramphodon naevius
Saw-billed Hermit
Ramphodon naevius
Folha Seca, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Male, because of the obvious hook on the end of the upper mandible. A very distinctive monotypic genus endemic to lowland Atlantic Rainforest of Southeast Brazil. This is one of my favorite digiscoped photos. (D3)


Rufous-breasted Hermit - Glaucis hirsutus
Rufous-breasted Hermit
Glaucis hirsutus hirsutus
Hotel Minca, Minca, Magdalena, Colombia
A widespread lowland rainforest species, found from Panama to Brazil and Bolivia. (S11)


Rufous-breasted Hermit - Glaucis hirsutus
Rufous-breasted Hermit
Glaucis hirsutus hirsutus
Sani Lodge, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador
(S8)


Band-tailed Barbthroat - Threnetes ruckeri
Band-tailed Barbthroat
Threnetes ruckeri ventosus
La Selva OTS, Heredia province, Costa Rica.
A fairly common hummer in lowland rainforest from central america to NW South America west of the Andes. (S6)


Pale-tailed Barbthroat - Threnetes leucurus
Pale-tailed Barbthroat
Threnetes leucurus cervinicauda
Sani Lodge, Sucumbíos province, Ecuador
This species inhabits lowland rainforest through much of the Amazon and Guianan regions. (S8)


Dusky-throated Hermit - Phaethornis squalidus
Dusky-throated Hermit
Phaethornis squalidus
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Endemic to Southeast Brazil. (S8)


Black-throated Hermit - Phaethornis atrimentalis
Black-throated Hermit
Phaethornis atrimentalis riojae
Waqanki Lodge, San Martín region, Peru.
This species is restricted to the far west Amazon drainage, where it inhabits humid lowland and foothill forest. Waqanki is the only place I know of where it visits feeders. (S8)


Black-throated Hermit - Phaethornis atrimentalis
Black-throated Hermit
Phaethornis atrimentalis riojae
Waqanki Lodge, San Martín region, Peru.
(S8)


Stripe-throated Hermit - Phaethornis striigularis
Stripe-throated Hermit
Phaethornis striigularis saturatus
Nusagandi, Comarca de Guna Yala, Panama.
A tiny hermit found in rainforest from Mexico to NW South America. (S8)


Stripe-throated Hermit - Phaethornis striigularis
Stripe-throated Hermit
Phaethornis striigularis subrufescens
Río Palenque Science Station, Los Ríos province, Ecuador.
(S7)


Reddish Hermit - Phaethornis ruber
Reddish Hermit
Phaethornis ruber ruber
Floresta Amazonica Hotel, Mato Gross state, Brazil.
A male on a song perch. There weren't any others nearby, so I'm not sure if it qualifies as a lek. (D3)


Scale-throated Hermit - Phaethornis eurynome
Scale-throated Hermit
Phaethornis eurynome
Hotel do Ypê, Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
A hummer found mainly in the Atlantic Forest region, though it also occurs locally in drier forest. (S7)


Pale-bellied Hermit - Phaethornis anthophilus
Pale-bellied Hermit
Phaethornis anthophilus anthophilus
Tayrona National Park, Magdalena, Colombia.
A big, pale hermit found from central Panama to northern Venezuela. (S11)


White-whiskered Hermit - Phaethornis yaruqui
White-whiskered Hermit
Phaethornis yaruqui
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Female, due to the obviously decurved bill and grayish tinge to the underparts. This species is a Chocó endemic, restricted to lowland and foothill rainforest of W. Colombia and W. Ecuador. (S4)


Green Hermit - Phaethornis guy
Green Hermit
Phaethornis guy coruscus
Bosque de Paz, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.
Male. An often common hermit of montane cloudforest; it occurs in Panama, Costa Rica, and mountains of northern South America. (S8)


Tawny-bellied Hermit - Phaethornis syrmatophorus
Tawny-bellied Hermit
Phaethornis syrmatophorus syrmatophorus
Mashpi, Pichincha province, Ecuaor.
(S8)


Long-billed Hermit - Phaethornis longirostris
Long-billed Hermit
Phaethornis longirostris cephalus
Panama Rainforest Discover Center, Colón province, Panama.
Formerly called Western Long-tailed Hermit. The species, as currently configured, ranges from southern Mexico to northwestern Peru. Some races may be split. (S8)


Green-fronted Lancebill - Doryfera ludovicae
Green-fronted Lancebill
Doryfera ludovicae ludovicae
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Probably a female due to the grayer underparts and very small green frontlet. Ranges in mountains from Central America south to Bolivia. (S1f)


Blue-fronted Lancebill - Doryfera johannae
Blue-fronted Lancebill
Doryfera johannae johannae
WildSumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
Female. Males are much darker overall. This species is found in cloudforest on the east slope of the Andes from S Colombia to N Peru. It is also found on slopes of tepuis in Venezuela and adjacent Guyana and Brazil. (S7)


Wedge-billed Hummingbird - Schistes geoffroyi
Wedge-billed Hummingbird
Schistes geoffroyi albogularis
Milpe Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male. A monotypic genus found in Andean cloudforest. (S8)


Hyacinth Visorbearer - Augastes scutatus
Hyacinth Visorbearer
Augastes scutatus scutatus
Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Male. Endemic to mountains of eastern Minas Gerais. (S5)


Hyacinth Visorbearer - Augastes scutatus
Hyacinth Visorbearer
Augastes scutatus scutatus
Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Female on a nest, 12 June 2006. (D3)


Hooded Visorbearer - Augastes lumachella
Hooded Visorbearer
Augastes lumachella
Chapada Diamantina, Bahia state, Brazil.
Female. A nice comparison of nests between these two sister species. Those leaves unfortunately block most of the nest, but I was on the edge of a cliff and it was impossible to set the tripod up anywhere else. Photographed 18 Sep 2007. (D3)


Hooded Visorbearer - Augastes lumachella
Hooded Visorbearer
Augastes lumachella
Chapada Diamantina, Bahia state, Brazil.
Male. You usually don't see the brilliant head iridescence unless he looks right at you. (D3)


Brown Violetear - Colibri delphinae
Brown Violetear
Colibri delphinae
El Dorado reserve, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
This species has a very fragmented range. It occurs in parts of Central America, much of the subtropical Andes, the coastal range of Venezuela, the Santa Marta mountains, the tepui region, and in mountains in eastern Brazil. Despite this, there are no races described. (D3)


Brown Violetear - Colibri delphinae
Brown Violetear
Colibri delphinae
WildSumaco, Napo province, Ecuador.
Violet-ears can flare out their ear patches as an aggressive gesture. (S7)

Lesser Violetear - Colibri thalassinus
Lesser Violetear
Colibri thalassinus cyanotus
Abra Patricia, San Martín department, Peru.
Compared to Sparkling Violetear (below), it is smaller and lacks the blue throat and belly. Formerly called Green Violetear, which was split into Lesser and Mexican. (S6)


Sparkling Violetear - Colibri coruscans
Sparkling Violetear
Colibri coruscans coruscans
Rio Blanco Reserva Natural, Caldas, Colombia.
(S14)


White-vented Violet-ear - Colibri serrirostris
White-vented Violet-ear
Colibri serrirostris
Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
(S5)


Tooth-billed Humminigbird - Androdon aequatorialis
Tooth-billed Humminigbird
Androdon aequatorialis
Parque Nacional Natural La Ensenada de Utría, Chocó department, Colombia.
Male. A bizarre and unique hummer with tooth-like serrations near the end of the bill - see the next photo for a close-up. This species, along with the lancebills, is intermediate between the hermits and the "typical" hummers. Ornithologists are unsure which subfamliy to place them in, or if they deserve their own subfamily. (S8)


Tooth-billed Humminigbird - Androdon aequatorialis
Tooth-billed Humminigbird
Androdon aequatorialis
Parque Nacional Natural La Ensenada de Utría, Chocó department, Colombia.
Male. A close-up shot showing the serrations on the bill that give this species its name. I have never seen an explanation as to what their purpose is. (S8)



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