Pseudasthenes canasteros, cacholotes, Synallaxis and other spinetails

Cactus Canastero - Pseudasthenes cactorum
Cactus Canastero
Pseudasthenes cactorum lachayensis
Lomas de Lachay, Lima department, Peru.
This species has been moved to a different genus than the other canasteros, but I've kept it here out of taxonomical order. It's endemic to very dry, cactus-filled slopes of western Peru. (S6)

Caatinga Cacholote - Pseudoseisura cristata
Caatinga Cacholote
Pseudoseisura cristata
Fazenda Nova Esperança, Canudos-Jeremoaba road, Bahia state, Brazil.
Endemic to interior eastern Brazil. The song duet given by pairs of these active and entertaining birds is unforgettable, and one of the most characteristic sounds of the region. (D3)

Rufous (Gray-crested) Cacholote - Pseudoseisura unirufa
Rufous (Gray-crested) Cacholote
Pseudoseisura unirufa
Pousada Piuval, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
These bold, noisy birds are a common sight in the Pantanal, often right in the grounds of your lodge. (S5f)

White-throated Cacholote - Pseudoseisura gutturalis
White-throated Cacholote
Pseudoseisura gutturalis
Quilmes, Tucumán province, Argentina.
This distinctive cacholote is endemic to the deserts of Argentina. Here it is perched on its huge, thorny stick nest. (S5)

White-throated Cacholote - Pseudoseisura gutturalis
White-throated Cacholote
Pseudoseisura gutturalis
Quilmes, Tucumán province, Argentina.
A different pose of the same bird as above. (S5)

Chotoy Spinetail - Schoeniophylax phryganophilus
Chotoy Spinetail
Schoeniophylax phryganophilus phryganophilus
Pantanal Highway, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
A beautiful and unique spinetail in its own monotypic genus. It is found in lightly wooded areas from Bolivia to Uruguay and northern Argentina. (D3)

Chotoy Spinetail - Schoeniophylax phryganophilus
Chotoy Spinetail
Schoeniophylax phryganophilus phryganophilus
Pantanal Highway, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
Now that's a tail! (S6)

Yellow-chinned Spinetail - Certhiaxis cinnamomeus
Yellow-chinned Spinetail
Certhiaxis cinnamomeus russeola
Pirapora, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
This one is always found around still water (fresh or salt). The yellow chin is not always obvious in the field. (S8)

Ochre-cheeked Spinetail - Synallaxis scutata
Ochre-cheeked Spinetail
Synallaxis scutata whitii
Calilegua National Park, Jujuy province, Argentina.
One of the more colorful of the Synallaxis spinetails. It has a rather large range from eastern Brazil to northwestern Argentina, but is quite localized. (S8)

Gray-bellied Spinetail - Synallaxis cinerascens
Gray-bellied Spinetail
Synallaxis cinerascens
Pico da Caledônia, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Endemic to the Atlantic Forest highlands. (S6)

Plain-crowned Spinetail - Synallaxis gujanensis
Plain-crowned Spinetail
Synallaxis gujanensis huallagae
Amazonia Lodge, Madre de Dios region, Peru.
Widespread in the Amazonian and Guianan regions, though in many areas very localized. (S8)

Pinto's Spinetail - Synallaxis infuscata
Pinto's Spinetail
Synallaxis infuscata
RPPN Frei Caneca, Pernambuco state, Brazil.
An endangered endemic restricted to the northeastern remnants of the Atlantic Rainforest in Brazil. (S6)

Slaty Spinetail - Synallaxis brachyura
Slaty Spinetail
Synallaxis brachyura chapmani
Road to Rio Silanche Bird Sanctuary, Pichincha province, Ecuador.

Silvery-throated Spinetail - Synallaxis subpudica
Silvery-throated Spinetail
Synallaxis subpudica
Cerro de Guadalupe, Bogotá Colombia.
Endemic to the eastern Andes of Colombia. It is not well named; there is ony a narrow silvery border around its otherwise dark throat. (S5)

Sooty-fronted Spinetail - Synallaxis frontalis
Sooty-fronted Spinetail
Synallaxis frontalis frontalis
Serra do Cipó NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Found in lightly wooded areas from central Brazil to northern Argentina. (S5f)

Azara's Spinetail - Synallaxis azarae
Azara's Spinetail
Synallaxis azarae media
Reserva Geobotánica Pululahua, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
A common inhabitant of Andean cloudforest. (S8)

Dark-breasted Spinetail - Synallaxis albigularis
Dark-breasted Spinetail
Synallaxis albigularis albigularis
Coca, Orellana, Ecuador

Spix's Spinetail - Synallaxis spixi
Spix's Spinetail
Synallaxis spixi
Vargem Bonita, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
A common and widespread species throughout much of southeastern South America. Some books still call this Chicli Spinetail, a name mistakenly given to the bird many years ago, probably due to confusing its voice with that of Sooty-fronted Spinetail S. frontalis. (D3)

Ruddy Spinetail - Synallaxis rutilans
Ruddy Spinetail
Synallaxis rutilans caquetensis
Yasuní Research Station, Orellana province, Ecuador.
This was another incredibly hard bird to photograph. It lives only in the deepest, darkest tangles of the rainforest floor, and it's rare to boot. I did resort to flash on this one, but flash often doesn't work well under these circumstances. There is so much vegetation around that the flash ends up getting blocked by leaves and branches, causing unexpected shadows on the image. But again, there is virtually nothing out there for this species, so here it is. (S6)

Rufous Spinetail - Synallaxis unirufa
Rufous Spinetail
Synallaxis unirufa unirufa
Chical, Carchi province, Ecuador.
A common resident of higher elevation Andean cloudforest. (S7)

Rufous-breasted Spinetail - Synallaxis erythrothorax
Rufous-breasted Spinetail
Synallaxis erythrothorax pacific
Northeast of Mapastepec, Chiapas state, Mexico.
Mexico's only spinetail. (S5)

White-whiskered Spinetail - Synallaxis candei
White-whiskered Spinetail
Synallaxis candei candei
Los Flamencos, La Guajira, Colombia.
A really nice-looking spinetail found in arid habitats in Colombia and Venezuela. The ranges listed for the subspecies appear to be incorrect - this one is clearly candei (with a mostly black throat) even though venezuelensis, with a white throat, is listed for the Guajira peninsula. (S8)

White-lored Spinetail - Synallaxis albilora
White-lored Spinetail
Synallaxis albilora albilora
Pousada Piuval, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
This spinetail is nearly endemic to the Pantanal. (S8)

Necklaced Spinetail - Synallaxis stictothorax
Necklaced Spinetail
Synallaxis stictothorax stictothorax
El Tambo, Santa Elena province, Ecuador.

Necklaced Spinetail - Synallaxis stictothorax
Necklaced (Chinchipe) Spinetail
Synallaxis stictothorax chinchipensis
Las Juntas, Cajamarca department, Peru.
This taxon is endemic to the middle Marañon valley of Northern Peru. Currently lumped by SACC with Necklaced Spinetails of the Tumbesian region (stictothorax & maculata), but differences in voice and disjunct range suggest that it deserves full species status. (S6)

Great Spinetail - Synallaxis hypochondriaca
Great Spinetail
Synallaxis hypochondriaca
San Marcos, Cajamarca department, Peru.
Endemic to the upper Marañon valley of Peru, where it is locally common in arid woodland and scrub. (S6)

Red-shouldered Spinetail - Synallaxis hellmayri
Red-shouldered Spinetail
Synallaxis hellmayri
Palmeiras, Bahia state, Brazil.
A unique spinetail endemic to the caatinga of NE Brazil. In my experience with it, it's behavior is quite different, being partly terrestrial. (S6)

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