OVENBIRDS   -   FURNARIIDAE   -   PART IV

Cranioleuca spinetails, most canasteros, thistletails, a few others

White-browed Spinetail - Hellmayrea gularis
White-browed Spinetail
Hellmayrea gularis gularis
Yellow-eared Parrot reserve, above Jardín, Antioquia department, Colombia.
A common but skulking bird of temperate Andean forests. (S6)


White-browed Spinetail - Hellmayrea gularis
White-browed Spinetail
Hellmayrea gularis gularis
Yanacocha reserve, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
I suspect it had a nest nearby. It perched for a minute or two with this spider in its beak. As soon as I moved a short distance away, it flew down and out of sight. (S8)



Firewood-gatherer - Anumbius annumbi
Firewood-gatherer
Anumbius annumbi
Serra da Canastra NP, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
The thornbirds and cacholotes also build huge stick nests, but this little bird got a special the special name. It's fairly widespread in more open areas of the southeastern portion of the continent. (S5)


Lark-like Brushrunner - Coryphistera alaudina
Lark-like Brushrunner
Coryphistera alaudina alaudina
San José de las Salinas, Córdoba province, Argentina.
A totally unique bird in the Neotropics, and often fun to observe as they are always in groups. (D3)


Creamy-breasted Canastero - Asthenes dorbignyi
Creamy-breasted Canastero
Asthenes dorbignyi dorbignyi
Yavi, Jujuy province, Argentina.
This species is likely going to be split into three species sometime in the future. The nominate race, shown here, is found in the Andes of Bolivia & N Argentina. It is sometime called Rusty-vented Canastero. (S6)


Cipo Canastero - Asthenes luizae
Cipo Canastero
Asthenes luizae
Serra do Cipó, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Endemic to rocky highlands of an isolated mountain range in southeastern Brazil. Described to science only in 1990. (S5)


Austral Canastero - Asthenes anthoides
Austral Canastero
Asthenes anthoides
Torres del Paine National Park, Region XII, Chile.
(D3)


Many-striped Canastero - Asthenes flammulata
Many-striped Canastero
Asthenes flammulata flammulata
Papallacta Pass, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
(S5)


Junin Canastero - Asthenes virgata
Junin Canastero
Asthenes virgata
Runatullo, Junín department, Peru.
Endemic to the high Andes of central and southern Peru. It is very similar to the previous species in both plumage and voice. (S8)


Streak-backed Canastero - Asthenes wyatti
Streak-backed Canastero
Asthenes wyatti aequatorialis
San Antonio de Pichincha, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Found locally in drier parts of high mountains in northern South America, south through the Andes to Peru. (S8)


Puna Canastero - Asthenes sclateri
Puna Canastero
Asthenes sclateri lilloi
La Cuesta del Obispo, Salta province, Argentina.
Inhabits high Andean puna from SE Peru to N Argentina, though there is an isolated subspecies in the Sierra de Córdoba in Argentina. (S5)


Streak-throated Canastero - Asthenes humilis
Streak-throated Canastero
Asthenes humilis cajamarcae
Cajamarca-Celendín road, Cajamarca department, Peru.
Found in the high Andes from Peru to Bolivia. It seems to like rocky areas with tall grass or bushes. (S6)


Cordilleran Canastero - Asthenes modesta
Cordilleran Canastero
Asthenes modesta modesta
Lauca National Park, Region I, Chile.
Carrying food. There must have been a nest nearby, but it wouldn't go in while I was standing there. (S5)


Cordilleran Canastero - Asthenes modesta
Cordilleran Canastero
Asthenes modesta modesta
Sierra de Santa Victoria, Salta province, Argentina.
(S6)


Itatiaia Spinetail (Thistletail) - Asthenes moreirae
Itatiaia Spinetail (Thistletail)
Asthenes moreirae
Algulhas Negras road, Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
This Brazilian endemic (with the thistletails) was recently transfered to Asthenes, the same genus as the Canasteros. I'm not sure that I like that classification, but at least the thistletails were given the same treatment; to me it is far more like a thistletail in plumage, voice, and behavior. (S5)


Sharp-billed Canastero - Asthenes pyrrholeuca
Sharp-billed Canastero
Asthenes pyrrholeuca flavogularis
Valdes Peninsula, Chubut province, Argentina.
It breeds in Patagonia, moving north in the austral winter. Also called Lesser Canastero. (S6)


Puna Thistletail - Asthenes helleri
Puna Thistletail
Asthenes helleri
North side of Abra Malaga, Cusco department, Peru.
A rather dull thistletail. It's nearly endemic to southern Peru, but does barely reach Bolivia. (S6)


Canyon Canastero - Asthenes pudibunda
Canyon Canastero
Asthenes pudibunda pudibunda
San Pedro de Casta, Lima department, Peru.
Endemic to Peru, where it inhabits dry scrub in rocky areas of the west slope of the Andes. (S8)


Eye-ringed Thistletail - Asthenes palpebralis
Eye-ringed Thistletail
Asthenes palpebralis
Puente Carrizal, Satipo road, Junín department, Peru.
Endemic to the high Andes of central Peru. This bird did have a tail, it is just not visible in this photo due to the angle. (S8)


White-chinned Thistletail - Asthenes fuliginosa
White-chinned Thistletail
Asthenes fuliginosa fuliginosa
Papallacta Pass, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
There is a lot of variation in this high Andean species. This bird is from the nominate race. (S5)


White-chinned Thistletail - Asthenes fuliginosa
White-chinned Thistletail
Asthenes fuliginosa fuliginosa
Papallacta Pass, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Another shot of what was probably the same bird as above. (S5)


White-chinned Thistletail - Asthenes fuliginosa
White-chinned Thistletail
Asthenes fuliginosa fuliginosa(?)
Chingaza NP, Cundinamarca department, Colombia.
Compare this bird to the one in the previous two photos. It looks very different with darker gray underparts, more gray on the face, and a striking white iris. However, this isolated population from eastern Colombia and western Venezuela are currently included in the nominate race along with birds from southern Colombia and northern Ecuador. Vocally they are also quite different. There is a lot of evidence that there is an unrecognized new taxon or even species. (S6)


White-chinned Thistletail - Asthenes fuliginosa
White-chinned Thistletail
Asthenes fuliginosa plengei
Bosque Unchog, Huánuco department, Peru.
An  isolated and quite distinct subspecies, with narrow white streaking on the underparts. (S8)


Mouse-colored Thistletail - Asthenes griseomurina
Mouse-colored Thistletail
Asthenes griseomurina
Cordillera de Lagunillas, Zamora-Chinchipe province, Ecuador.
Restricted to montane scrub and stunted forest on the edge of páramo from southern Ecuador to northern Peru. (S6)


Spectacled Prickletail - Siptornis striaticollis
Spectacled Prickletail
Siptornis striaticollis
Santa Cecilia trail above Paquisha, Zamora-Chinchipe prov., Ecuador.
It's a terrible photo, but I post it anyway since it is such a rare species, and it was a lifer for me. It took me over ten years in South America before I finally found it. It is found very locally in mid-elevation cloudforest on the east slope of the Andes from southern Colombia to northern Peru. Southeastern Ecuador seems to be the best place to find it. (S6)


Russet-mantled Softtail - Thripophaga berlepschi
Russet-mantled Softtail
Thripophaga berlepschi
Rio Chido trail, San Lorenzo, Amazonas department, Peru.
A scarce Peruvian endemic found in Andean temperate forest on the east slope in the northern part of the country. Most easily accessible sites have been deforested. (S6)


Marcapata Spinetail - Cranioleuca marcapatae
Marcapata Spinetail
Cranioleuca marcapatae weskei
Apalla, Junín department, Peru.
Endemic to high elevation forest in SE Peru. There are two subspecies that differ mainly in crown and throat color. I think this one, weskei, is striking and especially handsome. (S8)


Marcapata Spinetail - Cranioleuca marcapatae
Marcapata Spinetail
Cranioleuca marcapatae weskei
Apalla, Junín department, Peru.
This may have been the same bird as above. (S8)


Marcapata Spinetail - Cranioleuca marcapatae
Marcapata Spinetail
Cranioleuca marcapatae marcapatae
North side of Abra Malaga, Cusco department, Peru.
The nominate race with a chestnut crown and white throat. (S6)


Rusty-backed Spinetail - Cranioleuca vulpina
Rusty-backed Spinetail
Cranioleuca vulpina vulpina
Pixaim, Pantanal, Mato Grosso state, Brazil.
This pair gave a dramatic and admittedy somewhat amusing response to playback. I have to assume the in-focus bird is the male. I had the lyrics of a certain famous classic rock song going through my head:  "...that's my woman there, and I'm a man who cares,  and this might be all for you..." Rusty-backed Spinetail is mainly a gallery forest species in savanna areas of South America, though there is a very isolated population on Isla Coiba in Panama. (S8)


Stripe-crowned Spinetail - Cranioleuca pyrrhophia
Stripe-crowned Spinetail
Cranioleuca pyrrhophia pyrrhophia
Taco Pozo, Chaco province, Argentina.
A characteristic species of open woodland in the northern half of Argentina, also occuring in Uruguay and parts of Bolivia, Paraguay, and extreme southern Brazil. (S8)


Pallid Spinetail - Cranioleuca pallida
Pallid Spinetail
Cranioleuca pallida
Intervales State Park, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Endemic to the mountains of Southeast Brazil. (S6)


Creamy-crested Spinetail - Cranioleuca albicapilla
Creamy-crested Spinetail
Cranioleuca albicapilla albicapilla
Andamarca, Junín region, Peru.
Another pretty spinetail endemic to the Peruvian Andes. (S8)


Red-faced Spinetail - Cranioleuca erythrops
Red-faced Spinetail
Cranioleuca erythrops erythrops
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Adult (compare with juvenile below). It occurs from Costa Rica to western Ecuador. It seems to be more common in the southern part of its range. (S7)


Red-faced Spinetail - Cranioleuca erythrops
Red-faced Spinetail
Cranioleuca erythrops erythrops
Tandayapa Bird Lodge, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Juvenile - note the reduce red on the face and the eyebrow. Juvenile spinetails can often be very confusing. (S7)


Streak-capped Spinetail - Cranioleuca hellmayri
Streak-capped Spinetail
Cranioleuca hellmayri
El Dorado reserve, Santa Marta mountains, Magdalena department, Colombia.
This pretty spinetail is nearly endemic to the Santa Marta mountains. There is one specimen from the Venezuelan side of the Sierra de Perijá, but to my knowledge the species has never been found there since. (S6)


Ash-browed Spinetail - Cranioleuca curtata
Ash-browed Spinetail
Cranioleuca curtata debilis
Manu road, San Pedro, Madre de Dios department, Peru.
A common bird in mid-elevation forest on the east slope of the Andes from Colombia to Bolivia. It is most often encountered following mixed species canopy flocks. (S6)


Line-cheeked Spinetail - Cranioleuca antisiensis
Line-cheeked Spinetail
Cranioleuca antisiensis antisiensis
Las Chinchas, Loja province, Ecuador.
Inhabits montane forest and scrub in SW Ecuador and NW Peru. (S8)


Baron's Spinetail - Cranioleuca baroni
Baron's Spinetail
Cranioleuca baroni baroni
Utcubamba Valley, Amazonas department, Peru.
A Peruvian endemic, found in the Andes in the northern half of the country. (S6)


















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