INCA-FINCHES, WARBLING-FINCHES, AND YELLOW-FINCHES -   THRAUPIDAE

Including Incaspiza, Poospiza, Compsospiza, and Sicalis. These were all formerly included in the Emberizidae family.


Gray-winged Inca-Finch - Incaspiza ortizi
Gray-winged Inca-Finch
Incaspiza ortizi
West side of Marañon Canyon above Balsas, Cajamarca department, Peru.
The Inca-Finches (Incaspiza) are a genus endemic to Peru, occuring in arid areas of the Andes. The Gray-winged Inca-Finch has a very restricted range at middle elevations in the upper Marañon Valley. It has been theorized that this species may reach Ecuador, but to date it has not yet been found there. (S8)


Buff-bridled Inca-Finch - Incaspiza laeta
Buff-bridled Inca-Finch
Incaspiza laeta
West side of Marañon Canyon above Balsas, Cajamarca department, Peru.
This species has a similar range to the previous, but occurs at lower elevations and is somewhat less local. I think it is the most beautiful of the genus. (S8)


Buff-bridled Inca-Finch - Incaspiza laeta
Buff-bridled Inca-Finch
Incaspiza laeta
West side of Marañon Canyon above Balsas, Cajamarca region, Peru.
(S8)


Little Inca-Finch - Incaspiza watkinsi
Little Inca-Finch
Incaspiza watkinsi
A few km west of Bagua Grande, Amazonas department, Peru.
This species is also a Marañon Valley endemic, but it prefers even lower elevations than Buff-bridled, and they are not know to overlap in range. (D2)


Bay-chested Warbling-Finch - Poospiza thoracica
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch
Poospiza thoracica
Algulhas Negras road, Itatiaia NP, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Endemic to the highlands of SE Brazil, where it seems most common in stunted forest just below treeline. (S7)


Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch - Poospiza alticola
Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch
Poospiza alticola
Cajamarca-Celendín road, Cajamarca department, Peru.
A scarce bird endemic to high elevation scrub and polylepis woodland in northern and central Peru. (S6)


Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch - Poospiza hypochondria
Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch
Poospiza hypochondria affinis
Yavi, Jujuy province, Argentina.
This handsome warbling-finch inhabits montane scrub in the Andes in Bolivia and northern Argentina. (S8)


Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch - Poospiza erythrophrys
Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch
Poospiza erythrophrys erythrophrys
Parque provincial Potrero de Yala, Jujuy province, Argentina.
This species ranges in yungas forest in Bolivia and northern Argentina. (S8)


Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch - Poospiza erythrophrys
Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch
Poospiza erythrophrys erythrophrys
Parque provincial Potrero de Yala, Jujuy province, Argentina.
This bird had a nest nearby, though it was not visible to me. It may have been inside a bush on a steep river bank. (S6)


Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch - Poospiza nigrorufa
Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch
Poospiza nigrorufa nigrorufa
Costanera Sur, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
This is the nominate race, mostly endemic to the Pampas region. The Andean subspecies are usually split off  (though not yet by SACC) which would leave this one as a monotypic species. (S5)


Buff-throated Warbling-Finch - Poospiza lateralis
Buff-throated Warbling-Finch
Poospiza lateralis
Algulhas Negras road, Itatiaia National Park, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Endemic to the highlands of Southeast Brazil. (S8)


Collared Warbling-Finch - Poospiza hispaniolensis
Collared Warbling-Finch
Poospiza hispaniolensis
Machalilla National Park, Manabí province, Ecuador.
Male. Restricted to arid scrub and desert west of the Andes in Ecuador and Peru. (S8)


Collared Warbling-Finch - Poospiza hispaniolensis
Collared Warbling-Finch
Poospiza hispaniolensis
Machalilla National Park, Manabí province, Ecuador.
Female. (S8)


Ringed Warbling-Finch - Poospiza torquata
Ringed Warbling-Finch
Poospiza torquata pectoralis
Quilmes, Tucumán province, Argentina.
A handsome bird found in arid areas from Bolivia and Paraguay south to central Argentina. (S5)


Cinereous Warbling-Finch - Poospiza cinerea
Cinereous Warbling-Finch
Poospiza cinerea
Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Perhaps the plainest member of this genus, which is better known for colorful and ornate finches of the southern Andes and the Atlantic Forest. This species is endemic to interior SE Brazil, usually  in cerrado. (S8)


Tucuman Mountain-Finch - Compsospiza baeri
Tucuman Mountain-Finch
Compsospiza baeri
Above Tafí del Valle, Tucumán province, Argentina.
This striking bird is virtually endemic to the Andes of NW Argentina (it is considered "hypothetical" in Bolivia with one unpublished record). It inhabits montane scrub near treeline. (S8)


Puna Yellow-Finch - Sicalis lutea
Puna Yellow-Finch
Sicalis lutea
Abra Pampa, Jujuy province, Argentina.
Adult male on left; juvenile on right. Found in high Andean puna from southern Peru to northern Argentina. (S8)


Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch - Sicalis uropygialis
Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch
Sicalis uropygialis sharpei
Lake Junín, Junín department, Peru.
Male. A common bird of the high Andes from Peru to northwestern Argentina. (S8)


Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch - Sicalis uropygialis
Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch
Sicalis uropygialis sharpei
Lake Junín, Junín department, Peru.
Female. (S8)


Citron-headed Yellow-Finch - Sicalis luteocephala
Citron-headed Yellow-Finch
Sicalis luteocephala
Yavi, Jujuy province, Argentina.
Nearly endemic to the Andes of Bolivia, just barely getting into northern Argentina, where this shot was taken. (S8)


Citron-headed Yellow-Finch - Sicalis luteocephala
Citron-headed Yellow-Finch
Sicalis luteocephala
Yavi, Jujuy province, Argentina.
(S6)


Greater Yellow-Finch - Sicalis auriventris
Greater Yellow-Finch
Sicalis auriventris
El Yeso, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile.
Male. (S5)


Greenish Yellow-Finch - Sicalis olivascens Greenish Yellow-Finch - Sicalis olivascens
Greenish Yellow-Finch
Sicalis olivascens olivascens
Los Cardones NP, Salta province, Argentina.
A very common bird of drier parts of the Andes from Peru south. (D3)
Greenish Yellow-Finch
Sicalis olivascens olivascens
Tilcara, Jujuy province, Argentina.
Female. (D3)


Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch - Sicalis columbiana
Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch
Sicalis columbiana leopoldinae
Pirapora, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Male. (S8)


Saffron Finch - Sicalis flaveola
Saffron Finch
Sicalis flaveola pelzelni
Guapi Assu Bird Lodge, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Male. A common and familiar bird over much of South America, often called canaries by local people. Subspecies, such as this one, from the southern and eastern portion of its range, are strongly sexually dimorphic; compare with the female below. (S5)


Saffron Finch - Sicalis flaveola
Saffron Finch
Sicalis flaveola pelzelni
Iguazú National Park, Misiones province, Argentina.
Female. (S6)


Saffron Finch - Sicalis flaveola
Saffron Finch
Sicalis flaveola flaveola
Jardín Encantado, San Francisco de Sales, Cundinamarca, Colombia.
Adult. In the northern part of this species's range, the subspecies are not strongly sexually dimorphic. (S11)


Saffron Finch - Sicalis flaveola
Saffron Finch
Sicalis flaveola flaveola
Jardín Encantado, San Francisco de Sales, Cundinamarca, Colombia.
Immature. Young birds of the northern subspecies start out mostly gray and gradually obtain yellow plumage. (S11)


Grassland Yellow-Finch - Sicalis luteola
Grassland Yellow-Finch
Sicalis luteola bogotensis
Near Calacalí, Pichincha province, Ecuador.
Male, as it was singing and doing what appeared to be display flights. (S5)


Grassland Yellow-Finch - Sicalis luteola
Grassland Yellow-Finch
Sicalis luteola luteiventris
Concón, Region V, Chile.
(S5)


Sulphur-throated Finch - Sicalis taczanowskii
Sulphur-throated Finch
Sicalis taczanowskii
Chaparrí Ecological Reserve, Lambayeque department, Peru.
Male. An odd and nomadic desert finch of NW Peru and SW Ecuador. In most areas it is very rare, but it can locally and seasonally be quite common, for instance at Chaparrí where it can occur in large flocks during the dry season. They are hard to approach, and I got my best shot by digiscoping. (D6)














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